1926 in literature
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The year 1926 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- February 8 - Seán O'Casey's play The Plough and the Stars opens at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin. On February 11, the performance is marred by ugly scenes in the audience: one man strikes an actress.
- February 12 - The Irish Free State minister for Justice, Kevin O'Higgins, appoints a Committee on Evil Literature.
- April 1 - Hugo Gernsback launches his pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories in the United States.
- May 11 - C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien meet for the first time in Oxford.
- October 10 - Mikhail Bulgakov's novel The White Guard, partially serialized in Rossiya before the magazine's suppression earlier in the year, opens in a dramatic adaptation, The Days of the Turbins, at the Moscow Art Theatre which is enjoyed by Stalin.
- October 14 - The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is published for the first time by Methuen in London, featuring the eponymous bear.
- December 3 - English detective story writer Agatha Christie disappears from her home in Surrey; on December 14 she is found in a Harrogate hotel by journalist Ritchie Calder.
- December - Thomas Mann begins writing Die Geschichten Jaakobs in Munich, first of the tetralogy Joseph and His Brothers (Joseph und seine Brüder) on which he will work until January 1943.
- Antonin Artaud and Roger Vitrac establish the Théatre Alfred-Jarry in Paris for the production of surrealist drama.
- Bread Loaf Writers' Conference is founded in Middlebury, Vermont.
- Ford Madox Ford publishes A Man Could Stand Up --, the third book of a four-volume work titled Parade's End published between 1924 and 1928.
- Margaret Mitchell begins writing the novel Gone with the Wind (published 1936).
- The remains of English poet Isaac Rosenberg (k. 1918) are re-interred at Bailleul Road East Cemetery, Plot V, St. Laurent-Blangy, Pas de Calais, France.
- S. S. Van Dine publishes the first Philo Vance mystery novel, The Benson Murder Case.
- Peter Llewelyn Davies establishes the London publishing house Peter Davies Ltd.
- Marcel Arland - Monique
- Roberto Arlt - Mad Toy (El juguete rabioso)
- Isaac Babel - Red Cavalry
- Henry Bellamann - Petenera's Daughter
- Louis Bromfield - Early Autumn
- Willa Cather - My Mortal Enemy
- Marjorie Bowen - Mistress Nell Gwynne
- Arthur Bowie Chrisman - Shen of the Sea
- Agatha Christie - The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
- James R. Crowell and Samuel C. Hildreth - The Spell of the Turf
- Ramón del Valle-Inclán - Tirano Banderas: novela de tierra caliente ("Tyrant Banderas")
- Arthur Conan Doyle - The Land of Mist
- William Faulkner - Soldiers' Pay
- Lion Feuchtwanger - The Ugly Duchess
- Ronald Firbank - Concerning the Eccentricities of Cardinal Pirelli
- Ford Madox Ford - A Man Could Stand Up --
- C. S. Forester - Payment Deferred
- Dion Fortune - The Secrets of Dr. Taverner
- Zona Gale - Preface to Life
- Hugo Gernsback - Ralph 124C 41+ (in book form)
- Ellen Glasgow - The Romantic Comedians
- Ricardo Güiraldes - Don Segundo Sombra
- Harold Heslop - Pod vlastu uglya ("Under the Sway of Coal", translation of Goaf)
- Georgette Heyer - These Old Shades
- Ernest Hemingway - The Sun Also Rises
- Franz Kafka - The Castle
- Yasunari Kawabata - The Dancing Girl of Izu
- D. H. Lawrence - The Plumed Serpent
- Agnes Mure Mackenzie - The Quiet Lady
- A. A. Milne - Winnie-the-Pooh
- George A. Moore - Ulich and Soracha
- Vladimir Nabokov - Mary
- Baroness Orczy
- Unravelled Knots
- The Celestial City
- Cassiano Ricardo - Vamos caçar papagaios
- 'Sagitta' (John Henry Mackay) - Der Puppenjunge ("The Pansy")
- Dorothy L. Sayers - Clouds of Witness
- Arthur Schnitzler - Dream Story
- Anton Hansen Tammsaare - Tõde ja Õigus ("Truth and Justice", begins publication)
- Sylvia Thompson - The Hounds of Spring
- B. Traven - Das Totenschiff (The Death Ship)
- S. S. Van Dine - The Benson Murder Case
- H. G. Wells - The World of William Clissold
- Walter F. White - Flight
- Bertolt Brecht - Man Equals Man (Mann ist Mann)
- Mikhail Bulgakov - Days of the Turbins (Дни Турбиных)
- St. John Greer Ervine - Anthony and Anna
- J. B. Fagan - And So To Bed
- John Galsworthy - Escape
- Sean O'Casey - The Plough and the Stars
- Ben Travers - Rookery Nook
- Sergei Tretyakov - I Want a Baby (Хочу ребёнка)
Main article: 1926 in poetry
- Mário de Andrade - Losango cáqui
- Langston Hughes - The Weary Blues
- Robert McAlmon - The Portrait of a Generation
- Hugh MacDiarmid - A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle
- Vita Sackville-West - The Land
- Germán List Arzubide - El movimiento estridentista
- Angela Brazil - My Own Schooldays
- T. E. Lawrence - Seven Pillars of Wisdom
- Otto Schmidt (chief editor) - Great Soviet Encyclopedia (Большая советская энциклопедия, Bolshaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya; begins publication)
- R. H. Tawney - Religion and the Rise of Capitalism
- Helen Thomas - As It Was
- W. B. Yeats - Autobiographies
- January 5 – W. D. Snodgrass, American poet (died in 2009)
- January 14 – Tom Tryon, American actor and novelist (died 1991)
- February 3 – Richard Yates, American writer (died 1992)
- February 20 – Richard Matheson, American writer
- March 3 – James Merrill, American poet (died 1995)
- March 24 – Dario Fo, Italian dramatist and actor
- March 27 – Frank O'Hara, American poet (died 1966)
- March 31 – John Fowles, English novelist (died 2005)
- April 3 – Luís de Sttau Monteiro, Portuguese novelist and dramatist (died 1993)
- April 23 – Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist and children's writer (died 2003)
- April 28 – Harper Lee, American novelist
- May 15
- May 21 – Robert Creeley, American author (died 2005)
- June 3 – Allen Ginsberg, American Beat Generation poet (died 1997)
- June 13 – Kanam EJ, Malayalam novelist and lyricist (died 1982)
- July 11 – Frederick Buechner, American author and minister
- July 18 – Elizabeth Jennings, English poet (died 2001)
- August 12 – Wallace Markfield, American comic novelist (died 2002)
- August 14
- September 14 – Michel Butor, French writer
- October 2 – Jan Morris (James Morris), Welsh historian and travel writer
- October 15 – Evan Hunter, American author and screenwriter (died 2005)
- November 11 – José Manuel Caballero, Spanish novelist and poet
- November 19 – Barry Reckord, Jamaican playwright (died 2011)
- November 20 – John Gardner, English novelist (died 2007)
- November 25 – Poul Anderson, American science fiction writer (died 2001)
- December 23 – Robert Bly, American writer
- Unknown date – Spencer Holst, American writer and storyteller (died 2001)
- January 14
- February 1 – Ishibashi Ningetsu (石橋 忍月), Japanese author and critic (born 1865)
- February 6 – Wolf Wilhelm Friedrich von Baudissin, German theologian (born 1847)
- March 3 – Sir Sidney Lee, English biographer (born 1859)
- May 9 – J. M. Dent, English publisher (born 1849)
- May 21 – Ronald Firbank, English novelist (born 1886)
- May 26 – Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian Expressionist poet (meningitis, born 1904)
- July 8 – Karel Václav Rais, Czech realist novelist (born 1859)
- July 11 – Fran Detela, Slovenian academic and writer (born 1850)
- August 1 – Israel Zangwill, English poet (born 1864)
- October 5 – Javier de Viana, Uruguayan writer (born 1868)
- October 11 – Albert Robida, French illustrator and novelist (born 1848)
- November 10 – Lyubov Dostoyevskaya, Russian memoirist (born 1869)
- December 8 – Sarah Doudney, English novelist, children's writer and hymnist (born 1841)
- December 12 – Jean Richepin, French poet, dramatist and novelist (born 1849)
- December 29 – Rainer Maria Rilke, German poet (born 1875)
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction:Radclyffe Hall, Adam's Breed
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Reverend Dr H. B. Workman, John Wyclif: A Study of the English Medieval Church
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Arthur Bowie Chrisman, Shen of the Sea
- Nobel Prize for Literature: Grazia Deledda
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: George Kelly, Craig's Wife
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Amy Lowell, What's O'Clock
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Sinclair Lewis, Arrowsmith
- Blindman International Poetry Prize: Ruth Manning-Sanders, The City
- "Biography of J.R.R. Tolkien". Planet Tolkien. Retrieved 2013-06-14.