1864 in literature
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1864 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- January 2–April 16 - James Payn publishes his most popular story, Lost Sir Massingberd, in Chambers's Journal. He follows it in the magazine (August 6–December 24) by Married Beneath Him.
- February 20 - Painter George Frederic Watts marries his 16-year-old model, the actress Ellen Terry, 30 years his junior, in London. She elopes less than a year later.
- March (dated January–February) - The first issue of the Russian literary magazine Epoch (Эпо́ха), edited by Fyodor Dostoyevsky and his brother Mikhail (d. July 22), is published in Saint Petersburg. This and the March–April issues contain the first publication of Fyodor's existential novella Notes from Underground (Записки из подполья, Zapiski iz podpol'ya).
- April 10 - Publisher William Ticknor dies of pneumonia in Philadelphia while on a trip with Nathaniel Hawthorne for the sake of the latter's health.
- April - Charles Baudelaire leaves Paris for Belgium in the hope of resolving his financial difficulties.
- May 26 - Alexandre Dumas, fils marries Nadejda Naryschkine. His father, Alexandre Dumas, père, returns to Paris from Italy.
- May - First Lithuanian press ban imposed in the Russian Empire.
- June 19 - Henrik Ibsen arrives in Rome in a self-imposed exile from Norway that will last for 27 years.
- June 27 - Ambrose Bierce is wounded at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
- September - A debate at the Royal Geographical Society between Richard Francis Burton and John Hanning Speke fails to take place, owing to Speke's suicide (or accidental shooting).
- November 10 - John Addington Symonds the younger marries Janet Catherine North.
- December - Sheridan Le Fanu's Gothic locked room mystery-thriller Uncle Silas concludes serialization in his Dublin University Magazine as "Maud Ruthyn and Uncle Silas" and is published as a three-volume novel by Richard Bentley in London.
- Former English chess master Howard Staunton publishes a facsimile of the 1600 quarto text of Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, the first use of photolithography for such a book.
- José de Alencar - Diva
- Jules Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly - Chevalier Destouches
- R. D. Blackmore - Clara Vaughan
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon - Henry Dunbar: the Story of an Outcast
- Charles Dickens - Our Mutual Friend (serialization commences)
- Fyodor Dostoevsky - Notes from Underground
- Alexandre Dumas - La Sanfelice
- Georg Ebers - Eine ägyptische Königstochter ("An Egyptian Princess")
- Amelia Edwards - Barbara's History
- George Eliot - "Brother Jacob"
- Elizabeth Gaskell - Wives and Daughters
- The Goncourt brothers (Edmond and Jules de Goncourt) - Renée Mauperin
- Sheridan Le Fanu
- Nikolai Leskov (as M. Stebnitsky) - No Way Out (Не′куда, Nekuda)
- George MacDonald - The Light Princess
- Anthony Trollope
- Jules Verne - A Journey to the Center of the Earth (Voyage au centre de la Terre)
- Robert Browning - Dramatis Personae
- Alfred Tennyson - Enoch Arden
- Alfred de Vigny - Les Destinées (posthumously published)
- George Perkins Marsh - Man and Nature
- Roger Gougenot des Mousseaux - Les hauts phénomènes de la magie
- Narrative of the Life of J. D. Green, a Runaway Slave from Kentucky
- John Henry Newman - Apologia Pro Vita Sua
- John Ruskin - Cestus of Aglaia
- Noah Webster, revised by Carl August Friedrich Mahn and edited by Noah Porter - A Dictionary of the English Language, "unabridged" edition
- January 24 – Marguerite Durand, French actress, journalist and feminist leader (died 1936)
- February 14 – Israel Zangwill, British novelist and playwright (died 1926)
- February 26 – Antonín Sova, Czech poet and librarian (died 1928)
- April 8 – J. Smeaton Chase, English-born American author and photographer (died 1923)
- April 21 – Max Weber, German sociologist (died 1920)
- May 11 – Ethel Lilian Voynich, née Boole, Anglo-Irish novelist and composer (died 1960)
- July 20 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Nobel Prize-winning Swedish writer (died 1931)
- September 28 – Barry Pain, English poet and fiction writer (died 1928)
- September 29 – Miguel de Unamuno, Basque Spanish writer (died 1936)
- October 14 – Stefan Żeromski, Polish novelist, poet and dramatist (died 1925)
- November 11
- December 12 – Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (died 1937)
- January 16 – Anton Felix Schindler, Austrian biographer of Beethoven (born 1795)
- January 29
- February 2 – Adelaide Anne Procter, English poet (born 1825)
- March 16 – Robert Smith Surtees, English novelist and sporting writer (born 1805)
- May 19 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist (born 1804)
- May 20 – John Clare, English poet (born 1793)
- May 26 – Charles Sealsfield, Austro-American novelist and journalist (born 1793)
- July 4 – Thomas Colley Grattan, Irish miscellanist and novelist (born 1792)
- August 6 – Catherine Sinclair, Scottish novelist and children's writer (born 1800)
- August 7 – Janez Puhar, Slovene poet (born 1814)
- September 17 – Walter Savage Landor, English writer and poet (born 1775)
- November 3 – Gonçalves Dias, Brazilian poet and playwright (shipwreck, born 1823)
- December 6 – Simonas Daukantas, Lithuanian ethnographer and historian (born 1793)
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- Shearer, Moira (1998). Ellen Terry. Pocket biographies. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0750915269.
- McCormack, W. J. (1997). Sheridan Le Fanu (3rd ed.). Stroud: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-1489-0.
- Beum, Robert (1907). "Ultra-Royalism Revisited: An Annotaded Bibliography," Modern Age, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 311–312.
- Google Books entry
- Azurmendi, Joxe. 2006: "Unamuno" in Espainiaren arimaz, Donostia: Elkar. ISBN 84-9783-402-X
- Turzynski, Linda J. "Lucy Aikin." Dictionary of Literary Biography: British Children's Writers, 1800–1880. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Inc, 1996.