1927 in archaeology
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The year 1927 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Large scale excavations begin at Peking Man Site in Zhoukoudian, China under Canadian paleoanthropologist Davidson Black with support from the Rockefeller Foundation.
- The Swedish Cyprus Expedition begins 3½ years of excavations under Einar Gjerstad.
- Excavations at Skara Brae begin under V. Gordon Childe.
- Excavations at Tepe Gawra begin by an American team under Ephraim Avigdor Speiser.
- Pločnik archaeological site discovered in southern Serbia, with findings of the Vinca culture (5500 BC).
- Davidson Black's excavations at Peking Man Site in Zhoukoudian, China yielded a human tooth that he proposed belonged to a new species that he named Sinanthropus pekinensis
- First location of wreckage from the VOC Zuytdorp in Western Australia.
- March - The journal Antiquity is first published.
- Alan Gardiner's Egyptian Grammar: Being an Introduction to the Study of Hieroglyphs is first published.
- Work begins on draining Lake Nemi to recover the Nemi ships.
- December - An international commission declares most artefacts from the excavations at Glozel to be forgeries.