1946 U.S. Open (golf)
|Dates||June 12–16, 1946|
|Course(s)||Canterbury Golf Club|
|Length||6,921 yards (6,329 m)|
|Field||168 players, 62 after cut|
|Winner's share||$1,833 |
|284 (−4), playoff|
The 1946 U.S. Open was the 46th U.S. Open, held June 12–16 at Canterbury Golf Club in Beachwood, Ohio, a suburb east of Cleveland. In the first U.S. Open since 1941, Lloyd Mangrum, a World War II veteran and recipient of two Purple Hearts, defeated Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi in 36 playoff holes to win his only major title.
Nelson possibly cost himself the championship in the third round when his caddie accidentally kicked his ball and he was assessed a stroke penalty. Two months after the championship, Nelson announced his retirement from the tour at age 34, though he continued to play at the Masters through 1966. He also played twice again at the U.S. Open (1949 and 1955), and once at the British Open in 1955.
This was the last playoff at the U.S. Open that ended in a tie without sudden-death. The next dozen 18-hole full round playoffs determined a winner without the need for extra holes. The first time sudden-death was used for the 91st hole was in 1990, Hale Irwin's third title. It was needed again in 1994 and 2008.
Past champions in the field
Made the cut
|Player||Country||Year won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Byron Nelson||United States||1939||71||71||69||73||284||−4||T2|
|Lawson Little||United States||1940||72||69||76||71||288||E||T10|
|Billy Burke||United States||1931||76||75||76||75||302||+14||T45|
Missed the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||1922, 1932||79||73||152||+8|
|Tommy Armour|| Scotland
|Johnny Farrell||United States||1928||78||75||153||+9|
|Tony Manero||United States||1936||76||77||153||+9|
|Sam Parks, Jr.||United States||1935||79||74||153||+9|
|Craig Wood||United States||1941||78||75||153||+9|
|Ralph Guldahl||United States||1937, 1938||78||79||157||+13|
|Johnny Goodman (a)||United States||1933||83||79||162||+18|
Thursday, June 13, 1946
|T1||Toney Penna|| Italy
|Sam Snead||United States|
|T3||Bob Hamilton||United States||70||−2|
|Mike Turnesa||United States|
|T5||Skip Alexander||United States||71||−1|
|Jimmy Demaret||United States|
|Vic Ghezzi||United States|
|Scudday Horner||United States|
|Steve Kovach||United States|
|Byron Nelson||United States|
|Ed Oliver||United States|
|Henry Picard||United States|
|Henry Ransom||United States|
Friday, June 14, 1946
|T1||Vic Ghezzi||United States||71-69=140||−4|
|Ben Hogan||United States||72-68=140|
|3||Lawson Little||United States||72-69=141||−3|
|T4||Ed Oliver||United States||71-71=142||−2|
|Byron Nelson||United States||71-71=142|
|6||Steve Kovach||United States||71-72=143||−1|
|T7||Herman Barron||United States||72-72=144||E|
|Lloyd Mangrum||United States||74-70=144|
|Henry Picard||United States||71-73=144|
|Henry Ransom||United States||71-73=144|
|Sam Snead||United States||69-75=144|
Saturday, June 15, 1946 (morning)
|1||Byron Nelson||United States||71-71-69=211||−5|
|T2||Vic Ghezzi||United States||71-69-72=212||−4|
|Lloyd Mangrum||United States||74-70-68=212|
|4||Ben Hogan||United States||72-68-73=213||−3|
|5||Henry Picard||United States||71-73-71=215||−1|
|T6||Herman Barron||United States||72-72-72=216||E|
|Steve Kovach||United States||71-72-73=216|
|Ed Oliver||United States||71-71-74=216|
|T9||Chick Harbert||United States||72-78-67=217||+1|
|Chandler Harper||United States||76-74-67=217|
|Henry Ransom||United States||71-73-73=217|
Saturday, June 15, 1946 (afternoon)
Nelson began the final round with a one-stroke lead over Mangrum and Ghezzi. Ghezzi was the first to finish and carded a 72 and a 284 total. Nelson and Mangrum were playing together, and Nelson had a two-stroke advantage with three holes remaining. But after bogeys at his final two holes, combined with two pars by Mangrum, Nelson fell back into a tie and forced a three-way playoff.
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|T1||Lloyd Mangrum||United States||74-70-68-72=284||−4||Playoff|
|Vic Ghezzi||United States||71-69-72-72=284|
|Byron Nelson||United States||71-71-69-73=284|
|T4||Herman Barron||United States||72-72-72-69=285||−3||550|
|Ben Hogan||United States||72-68-73-72=285|
|T6||Jimmy Demaret||United States||71-74-73-68=286||−2||350|
|Ed Oliver||United States||71-71-74-70=286|
|T8||Chick Harbert||United States||72-78-67-70=287||−1||225|
|Dick Metz||United States||76-70-72-69=287|
|T10||Dutch Harrison||United States||75-71-72-70=288||E||175|
|Lawson Little||United States||72-69-76-71=288|
Sunday, June 16, 1946
All three players shot even-par 72 during the first 18 holes on Sunday morning, which forced another 18-hole playoff in the afternoon, as there was no sudden-death playoff at the time. At the 9th, Mangrum nearly shot himself out of contention with an out of bounds tee shot, but a 70-foot (20 m) putt for bogey allowed him to minimize the damage. Nelson and Ghezzi were tied at the turn, with Mangrum two back. But Mangrum then collected two birdies, while Nelson bogeyed 13 and Ghezzi recorded bogeys at 14 and 15. Mangrum took a two-stroke lead with a birdie at 16, and despite a bogey-bogey finish, his 72 was good enough to hold off Nelson and Ghezzi by a stroke.
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Lloyd Mangrum||United States||72-72=144||E||1,833|
|T2||Byron Nelson||United States||72-73=145||+1||1,208|
|Vic Ghezzi||United States||72-73=145|
- Prize money includes $333 playoff bonus for each.
Cumulative playoff scores, relative to par
- Sixty, Billy (June 17, 1946). "Mangrum wins 'Open' title in play-off in heavy storm". Milwaukee Journal. p. 4-L.
- "U.S. Open history: 1946". USGA. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- Cavagnaro, Bob (June 17, 1946). "Lloyd Mangrum captures national open; beats Nelson, Ghezzi in 36-hole playoff". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). Associated Press. p. 10.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 17, 1946). "Mangrum, war veteran, wins U.S. Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 25.
- Fraley, Oscar (June 16, 1946). "Nelson, Mangrum, Ghezzi tie for National Open title". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). United Press. p. 10.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 16, 1946). "Nelson plays off today for Open title". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 1, part 2.
- "National Open golf scores". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 15, 1946. p. 18.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 14, 1946). "Snead, Penna lead Open golf with 69s". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 29.
- Sixty, Billy (June 16, 1946). "Nelson, Mangrum and Ghezzi tie in U.S. Open". Milwaukee Journal. p. 1-sec. III.