1994 U.S. Open (golf)
|Dates||June 16–20, 1994|
|Course(s)||Oakmont Country Club|
|Length||6,946 yards (6,351 m)|
|Field||159 players, 65 after cut|
|Prize fund||$1.7 million|
|279 (−5), playoff|
The 1994 U.S. Open was the 94th U.S. Open, held June 16–20 at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, a suburb northeast of Pittsburgh. Ernie Els, age 24, won the first of his four major titles on the second sudden-death hole to defeat Loren Roberts, after Colin Montgomerie was eliminated in an 18-hole playoff. (Both Roberts and Montgomerie were winless in major championships, but each won several senior majors while on the Champions Tour.) It was the seventh U.S. Open and tenth major held at Oakmont, and was Arnold Palmer's final U.S. Open as a participant.
Palmer, age 64, played in his final U.S. Open in 1994. He had not played in the tournament in eleven years, since it was last at Oakmont in 1983, but received an exemption by the USGA to play in his home state. As an amateur, his first U.S. Open in 1953 was also played at Oakmont, won by Ben Hogan.
This was the last U.S. Open for ABC Sports, which had televised the U.S. Open in the United States since 1966, 29 consecutive years. NBC Sports televised the event for twenty years, from 1995 through 2014. Starting in 2015, Fox Sports began a 12-year contract to televise the championship and other USGA events.
Lengths of the course for previous major championships:
Past champions in the field
Made the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Curtis Strange||United States||1988, 1989||70||70||70||70||280||−4||4|
|Tom Watson||United States||1982||68||73||71||71||283||−1||T6|
|Hale Irwin||United States||1974, 1979, 1990||69||69||71||78||287||+3||T18|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||1962, 1967,
|Tom Kite||United States||1992||73||71||72||77||293||+9||T33|
|Scott Simpson||United States||1987||74||73||73||78||298||+14||T55|
|Fuzzy Zoeller||United States||1984||76||70||76||77||299||+15||T58|
Missed the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Larry Nelson||United States||1983||75||73||148||+6|
|Lee Janzen||United States||1993||77||71||148||+6|
|Payne Stewart||United States||1991||74||75||149||+7|
|Andy North||United States||1978, 1985||78||73||151||+9|
|Johnny Miller||United States||1973||81||76||157||+15|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||1960||77||81||158||+16|
Thursday, June 16, 1994
Friday, June 17, 1994
|T2||John Cook||United States||73-65=138||−4|
|David Edwards||United States||73-65=138|
|Hale Irwin||United States||69-69=138|
|T5||Jeff Maggert||United States||71-68=139||−3|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||69-70=139|
|T7||Ernie Els||South Africa||69-71=140||−2|
|Frank Nobilo||New Zealand||69-71=140|
|Steve Pate||United States||74-66=140|
|Curtis Strange||United States||70-70=140|
Amateurs: Alexander (+7).
Saturday, June 18, 1994
|1||Ernie Els||South Africa||69-71-66=206||−7|
|2||Frank Nobilo||New Zealand||69-71-68=208||−5|
|T3||Hale Irwin||United States||69-69-71=209||−4|
|Loren Roberts||United States||76-69-64=209|
|Tom Watson||United States||68-73-68=209|
|T7||Steve Lowery||United States||71-71-68=210||−3|
|Curtis Strange||United States||70-70-70=210|
|T9||John Cook||United States||73-65-73=211||−2|
|Steve Pate||United States||74-66-71=211|
Sunday, June 19, 1994
Els shot a 66 (−5) in the third round to take a two-shot lead. At the start of the Sunday's final round, Els was the beneficiary of a controversial ruling. After he hit his opening drive into deep rough, a tournament official ruled that a broadcast truck and aerial camera was in his line of play. He was allowed to take a drop in a spot where escape was much more likely, but still ended up with a bogey on the hole. Afterwards, some pundits suggested that the ruling was wrong and Els should have been forced to play from his original location. Roberts and Montgomerie both recorded a 70 (−1) in the round to challenge Els. Roberts could have won the championship outright, but he missed a par putt on the 18th. Els needed par on the last to hold off Roberts and Montgomerie, but he hit his drive into the rough and made bogey from there, forcing a three-way playoff. It was the first three-way playoff at the U.S. Open in 31 years, when Julius Boros defeated Jacky Cupit and Palmer in 1963.
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|T1||Ernie Els||South Africa||69-71-66-73=279||−5||Playoff|
|Loren Roberts||United States||76-69-64-70=279|
|4||Curtis Strange||United States||70-70-70-70=280||−4||75,728|
|5||John Cook||United States||73-65-73-71=282||−2||61,318|
|T6||Clark Dennis||United States||71-71-70-71=283||−1||49,485|
|Tom Watson||United States||68-73-68-74=283|
|T9||Jeff Maggert||United States||71-68-75-70=284||E||37,179|
|Frank Nobilo||New Zealand||69-71-68-76=284|
|Jeff Sluman||United States||72-69-72-71=284|
|Duffy Waldorf||United States||74-68-73-69=284|
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
Monday, June 20, 1994
All three players struggled as the Monday playoff began. Montgomerie recorded double-bogey at the 2nd, 3rd, and 11th and fell out of contention. Els began the playoff bogey-triple bogey, while Roberts double-bogeyed the 5th. Roberts had a one-stroke lead over Els on the 16th, but he bogeyed the hole to fall into a tie. Els and Roberts both carded a 74 (+3), while Montgomerie finished with a 78 (+7) and was eliminated.
After halving the first extra hole with pars, they headed to the 11th where Roberts found a greenside bunker on his approach while Els safely hit the green. After Roberts' par putt lipped out, Els two-putted for par and the championship. It was the second time for sudden-death at the U.S. Open, which was first implemented in 1990. It was needed again in 2008.
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Sudden death||Money ($)|
|1||Ernie Els||South Africa||74||+3||4-4||320,000|
|T2||Loren Roberts||United States||74||+3||4-5||141,827|
- Els and Roberts were tied at 74 (+3) after 18 holes; Montgomerie was four strokes back and was eliminated.
- The sudden-death playoff began on the back nine and Els (4-4) defeated Roberts (4-5) on the second hole.
Cumulative playoff scores, relative to par
Birdie Bogey Double bogey Triple bogey+
- "How Oakmont played in the 1994 U.S. Open". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 21, 1994. p. C7.
- Reilly, Rick (June 27, 1994). "From trouble to triumph". Sports Illustrated. p. 38.
- Rosaforte, Tim (June 27, 1994). "See Ya Later". Sports Illustrated. p. 49.
- "U.S. Open History". USGA. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- GOLF; Forget Finesse, Remember a Name: Els Wins Open
- Parascenzo, Marino (June 21, 1994). "Ernie is something Els". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. C1.
- "Els awakens to win Open". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. June 21, 1994. p. C1.
- "At U.S. Open, Els' finish makes up for shaky start". Seattle Times. Associated Press. June 21, 1994. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
- "The leaders, hole by hole". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 21, 1994. p. C-6.
|Major Championships||Succeeded by|
1994 Open Championship