1992 Staples Corner bombing
|1992 Staples Corner bombing|
|Part of the Troubles|
The North Circular Road flyover from Tilling Road, looking towards Staples Corner
|Location||Staples Corner, London, United Kingdom|
|Date||11 April 1992 |
|Perpetrator||Provisional Irish Republican Army|
The attack happened at 1:10 am, a few hours after the major bombing of the Baltic Exchange seven miles away which killed three people. The bomb was home-made like the Baltic Exchange one, and was placed in a white Bedford van. The IRA gave telephone warnings 50 minutes prior from a phone operator in Portadown, Northern Ireland. Police located the van and evacuated the area.
Although no injuries were caused, the blast was powerful and caused significant damage to roads, leaving a crater on the North Circular Road flyover. It was strong enough to be felt several miles away. The bomb damaged a three-storey B&Q DIY superstore, a steel-framed warehouse, and severely damaged warehouse property constructed of light cladding. It was estimated the explosive force was around 100 kg. An eyewitness said the B&Q store was "completely destroyed" and the roof collapsed.
The B&Q superstore had to be demolished and the junction was closed for several months, causing severe disruption. It is one of London's busiest intersections as it forms the lead of the M1 motorway.
On the morning of 8 October 1993 the IRA targeted Staples Corner once again with a small explosion. Around the same time another bomb detonated 2 miles away on West End Lane in West Hampstead. No injuries were caused. In 1994 two IRA terrorists, Gerard Mackin and Derek Doherty, were found guilty of planting 12 bombs throughout London over seven days in October 1993.
In popular culture
- Kirby, Terry (July 14, 1992). "IRA City bombers identified by police". The Independent. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- Mickolus, Edward F.; Simmons, Susan L. (1997). Terrorism, 1992-1995: A Chronology of Events and a Selectively Annotated. Greenwood. ISBN 978-0313304682.
- Oppenheimer, A. R. (2008). IRA, The Bombs and the Bullets: A History of Deadly Ingenuity. Irish Academic Press. ISBN 978-0716528951.
- Bangash, T. (2010). Explosion-Resistant Buildings: Design, Analysis, and Case Studies. Springer. ISBN 978-3642058301.
- "City of London bomb – news report · British Universities Film & Video Council". Bufvc.ac.uk. 1992-04-11. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
- Ahmed, Fatema (April 27, 2015). "In Brent Cross". London Review of Books. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- "IRA claims it planted bomb that killed three - UPI Archives". Upi.com. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
- "Two bomb blasts in North London · British Universities Film & Video Council". Bufvc.ac.uk. 1993-10-09. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
- "IRA men guilty of conspiring to plant bombs in London". Herald Scotland. October 20, 1994. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- Kinik, Anthony (1 August 2008). "Dynamic of the Metropolis: The City Film and the Spaces of Modernity" (PDF). McGill University, Montreal. Retrieved 18 May 2018.