2017 Indian vice presidential election

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2017 Indian vice presidential election

← 2012 5 August 2017 2022 →
Nominee Venkaiah Naidu Gopalkrishna Gandhi
Party BJP Independent
Alliance NDA UPA
Home state Andhra Pradesh Delhi
Electoral vote 516 244
Percentage 67.89% 32.11%
Swing 35.20% Increase 35.20% Decrease

Vice President before election

Mohammad Hamid Ansari

Elected Vice President

Venkaiah Naidu

The elections to the next vice president of India, were held on 5 August 2017. The announcement was made by the Election Commission of India.

Rajya Sabha Secretary-General Shumsher K. Sheriff served as the Returning Officer for the 15th vice presidential election.[1]

Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari, completed his second term on 10 August 2017.[2] Venkaiah Naidu won the election and took oath as 13th vice president of India on 11 August 2017 at Darbar Hall, Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi.


Outgoing Vice President Hamid Ansari

The Vice President of India is the exofficio chairperson of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Indian parliament) and functions as its speaker. He also assumes the post of the President of India in case of a vacancy and stays in the post for a maximum period of six months and performs all the functions of the President. The Vice President also has a term of five years.[3]

During the election, the outgoing vice president was Mohammad Hamid Ansari. He was elected to the post in 2007 and re-elected in 2012. His term ended on 10 August 2017. The Election Commission of India announced that the election would be held on 5 August and the result would be declared on the same day.

Election process[edit]

The Vice President is elected by an electoral college which includes members of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of Indian parliament) and the members of the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Indian parliament). The nominated members of the mentioned houses are also eligible to vote in the election process.[4] In the election, voting will be done by a secret ballot and the members of parliament will use a "special pen" to mark their preference.[5]

For the 2017 election, the electoral college consists of


A candidate participating in the election needs the support of at least 20 electors who would be the proposers of the candidate and needs to get another additional support of at least 20 seconders. The candidate also has to deposit ₹15000 ($233) as a security deposit.[6] Two candidates were nominated for the election. One candidate was nominated by the National Democratic Alliance and another by United Progressive Alliance.

NDA Candidate[edit]

Venkaiah Naidu was nominated by National Democratic Alliance. He was the then Minister of Information and Broadcasting and Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation of India. He had also served as a party president of Bharatiya Janata Party. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that Naidu was a "fitting candidate" for the post.[7] According to Indian Express leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party felt that if Naidu got elected then it would act as a morale booster for the party in south Indian states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.[8] Besides the parties of the NDA, YSR Congress party, AIADMK and Telangana Rashtra Samiti parties also pledged to support Naidu. News18 wrote that Naidu was expected to get 489 votes compared to 394 votes required to win the election.[9]

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref

Venkaiah Naidu
(1948-07-01) 1 July 1948 (age 75)
Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
Minister of Information and Broadcasting (2016–2017)
Minister of Urban Development (2014–2017)
Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (2014–2017)
Minister of Rural Development (2000–2002)
Rajya Sabha Member from Karnataka (1998-2016)
Member, Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1978-1985)
President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (2002–2004)
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs (2014–2016)

Andhra Pradesh
18 July 2017 [10]

UPA Candidate[edit]

Gopalkrishna Gandhi was the candidate nominated by the United Progressive Alliance and had the support of 18 opposition parties. He is the grandson of Mahatma Gandhi and C. Rajagopalachari, two prominent figures of the Indian freedom movement. A former diplomat, Gandhi is an alumnus of St. Stephen's College and has also served as India's envoy to Sri Lanka, Norway and South Africa. He has also held the post of Governor of West Bengal and presided over the state during Nandigram violence.[11] Gandhi had the support of Indian National Congress, Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal, Nationalist Congress Party and the Left Front.[12]

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref

Gopalkrishna Gandhi
(1945-04-22) 22 April 1945 (age 78)
24th Governor of West Bengal (2004–2009)
11 July 2017 [13]


Following the election, Venkaiah Naidu was elected 13th vice-president of India. He has sworn in to the office on 11 August 2017.[14] Of 790 seats in Parliament, 5 seats were vacant during the election.

Results of the Indian vice-presidential election, 2017
Electoral Votes
% of Votes
Venkaiah Naidu BJP 516 67.89
Gopalkrishna Gandhi Independent 244 32.11
Total 760 100.00
Valid Votes 760 96.82
Invalid Votes 11 1.40
Turnout 771 98.22
Abstentions 14 1.78
Electors 785

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Election to the Office of the Vice-President, 2017 (15th Vice-Presidential Election)". Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Terms of the Houses". eci.nic.in. Election Commission of India/National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Vice President – Election, Powers and Functions". OM ABC. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  4. ^ "How the Vice-President of India is elected: Know what it will take Venkaiah Naidu or Gopalkrishna Gandhi to win". Financial Express. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Election Commission issues notification for vice president polls". New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 18 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  6. ^ "What is the procedure to elect the vice president: All you need to know". Indian Express. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Vice-Presidential Election 2017: Venkaiah Naidu is NDA's nominee, to take on Opposition's Gopalkrishna Gandhi". First Post. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  8. ^ "Keeping Rajya Sabha and South in mind, NDA names Venkaiah for vice-president". Indian Express. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu vs Gopalkrishna Gandhi: Here's How the 13th Vice President of India Will be Elected Today". News18. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu files his nomination for vice-president". Times of India. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Indian Presidential Election 2017: Who Is Gopalkrishna Gandhi? Vice President Candidate Known For Straight Talk". NDTV. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Vice-Presidential Election LIVE updates: Counting begins, 98 per cent polling recorded". Indian Express. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Eye On Nitish Kumar, Opposition Picks Gopalkrishna Gandhi For Vice-President". NDTV. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  14. ^ Venkaiah Naidu To Become 13th Vice-President of India

External links[edit]