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Millennium: 3rd millennium
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2030 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 2030
Ab urbe condita 2783
Armenian calendar 1479
Assyrian calendar 6780
Bahá'í calendar 186–187
Balinese saka calendar 1951–1952
Bengali calendar 1437
Berber calendar 2980
British Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 2574
Burmese calendar 1392
Byzantine calendar 7538–7539
Chinese calendar 己酉(Earth Rooster)
4726 or 4666
    — to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4727 or 4667
Coptic calendar 1746–1747
Discordian calendar 3196
Ethiopian calendar 2022–2023
Hebrew calendar 5790–5791
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2086–2087
 - Shaka Samvat 1951–1952
 - Kali Yuga 5130–5131
Holocene calendar 12030
Igbo calendar 1030–1031
Iranian calendar 1408–1409
Islamic calendar 1451–1452
Japanese calendar Heisei 42
Javanese calendar 1963–1964
Juche calendar 119
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4363
Minguo calendar ROC 119
Nanakshahi calendar 562
Thai solar calendar 2573
Tibetan calendar 阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
2156 or 1775 or 1003
    — to —
(male Iron-Dog)
2157 or 1776 or 1004
Unix time 1893456000 – 1924991999

2030 (MMXXX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar, the 2030th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 30th year of the 3rd millennium, the 30th year of the 21st century, and the 1st year of the 2030s decade.

Predicted and scheduled events[edit]

  • The world will need at least 50 percent more food, 45 percent more energy and 30 percent more water than it did in 2012, according to United Nations High Level Panel on Global Sustainability estimates.[1]
  • India will surpass China as the most populous country this year or earlier.[2]
  • According to projections by the United Nations, the world population of humans is estimated to be between approximately 7,800,000,000 (7.8 billion) and 8,500,000,000 (8.5 billion) people.
  • A study estimated that due to continued economic growth in Africa, most impoverished Sub-Saharan African countries will graduate from low to middle-income status by 2030.[3]
  • It is estimated that the global middle class will number about 4.9 billion people, about 66% of whom will live in Asia,[4] and 80% living in what in 2015 is considered the developing world.[5] Overall, middle classes will be the most important economic and social sector, and a majority of the world's population will be out of poverty.[6]
  • Due to low birth rates, developed countries will begin suffering from labor shortages, while aging populations will create a greater burden on workforces to support them. As a result, by 2030, developed countries will be competing for immigrants.[7]
  • Of the world's population, 60% will live in urban areas due to rapid urbanization.[8] It is also estimated that there will be 41 megacities that will collectively contain 9% of the world's population.[9] All but one will be in Asia or Africa due to rapid urbanization on those continents.[10]
  • The international community, including the United Nations, World Bank, and United States, have set the goal of completely eradicating extreme poverty by 2030.[11] Noting a significant decline in extreme poverty since 1990, the World Bank has noted that the end of extreme poverty is in sight and pledged to cut it down to at most 3% of the world's population by this time.[12]
  • The World Health Organization and UNICEF have set a goal for universal access to basic sanitation by 2030.[13]
  • The United Nations has made it a goal that Internet access and literacy will be universal by 2030.[14][15] French demographist Emmanuel Todd forecasted that the global literacy rates will be almost 100% by this year.[16]
  • The World Bank has called for all countries to implement universal health care by this time.[17]
  • According to a report by all 16 US intelligence agencies done in cooperation with academics, research institutes, corporations, and politicians from the European Union and 14 individual countries, the unipolar world order in which the United States dominates will have declined, as China will have surpassed the United States economically and regional powers will have grown in strength, although the United States will probably remain a "first among equals".[18]
  • Desalination will have greatly increased in use.[19]
  • Tidal power may provide 15% of the United States' electricity.[20]
  • Architectural advances will see taller and taller skyscrapers appear, including new "megatall" buildings, with the possibility of a kilometer-tall tower by this time.[21]
  • 3D printing will have grown dramatically in usage, and even buildings and human organs will be printed.[22][23]
  • Healthcare will become largely automated, with machines replacing 80% of doctors.[24] In addition, new advances in medical technology will greatly improve human health, particularly nanobots, which will be implanted in the human body to augment the immune system. Ray Kurzweil argues that most diseases will have been wiped out by this time.[25]
  • Some researchers are aiming for the ability to regenerate human limbs to be achieved by this time.[26]
  • Self-driving vehicles will dominate the roads, and Elon Musk has projected that operating a non-self-driving vehicle on public roads may even be illegal by this time.[27][28]
  • Cars being built during this time, which will be smaller than the vehicles of previous decades, will all be plug-in electrics or hybrids.[19]
  • Due to the ability to order products on the Internet and a massive growth in 3D printing, about half of the shopping malls in the United States will have closed down.[29]
  • Hypersonic passenger airliners may be in use.[30]
  • Ships may be fully capable of running themselves and running on different types of fuel, will require less maintenance due to sensors and robots locating and repairing problems, while construction using advanced materials will make them lighter.[31]
  • Commercial delivery drones will be in widespread use, and the Federal Aviation Administration has estimated that there may be as many as 30,000 of them regularly operating in American airspace by 2030.[32]
  • Advances in robotics will replace many jobs done by humans, and the growing capabilities of artificial intelligence will mean that white-collar jobs will also be increasingly automated.[33] In particular, Ray Kurzweil estimates that artificial intelligence will match human intelligence by this time, and that furthermore, humans will become hybrids with technology by 2030, due to human brains being able connect with computers and being fed information.[34][35]
  • According to US Army General Robert W. Cone, robots may replace one-fourth of US soldiers by 2030.[36]
  • A Quantum computer trillions of times faster than a supercomputer may have been developed.[37]
  • Smart cities will be increasingly common, with over a trillion sensors installed worldwide.[38]
  • A Japanese construction firm, the Shimizu Corporation, in concert with many research firms and government agencies, has plans for an underwater city of 5,000 people called the "ocean spiral" 2.8 miles off the Japanese coast, which will consist of a giant sphere containing homes and businesses situated just below the surface, held up by a nine-mile spiral descending to the seabed, where there will be a submarine port and a factory powering the city by using microorganisms that turn carbon dioxide into methane. The Shimizu Corporation plans to start construction in 2025.[39][40][41]
  • DNA profiling technology will have advanced to the point where the equivalent of the entire Human Genome Project can be performed in seconds using special touch-sensitive gloves.[42]
  • Integrated smart grids, or grids which will use sensors and monitoring devices to determine how much energy to direct to any particular building, based on its individual need, will be in widespread use throughout the developed world. Furthermore, energy production will become more decentralized due to widespread use of solar panels and fuel cells by individual businesses and residences, and these grids will be able redirect surplus electricity to other buildings their area through power lines.[43]
  • China is expected to have the world's largest population of Christians surpassing the United States.
  • Masdar City is expected to be completed by 2030.[44]

In fiction[edit]


Computer and video games[edit]


  • Theodore Rex (1995)
  • The Kid (2000): At the end of the movie where the main character finds his 70-year-old self, but – differing from other movies – there were no changes in anything that was seen (planes, dinners and clothing).
  • The Time Machine (2002): Time traveller Alexander Hartdegen stops on 24 May 2030 where he talks to a holographic, artificial-intelligence librarian called Vox. Also in this year, mining is occurring on the Moon for the development of lunar homes.
  • Click (2006): Michael arrives at his son's wedding.
  • Death Racers (2008): The film begins in 2030 (with the outbreak of a second American civil war) and progresses into the year 2033
  • Repo! The Genetic Opera: The mass organ failures depicted in the film occur in this year.
  • Race to Mars: Humans from the United States, Canada, Japan, France, and Russia embark on a mission to Mars
  • Super: A Kannada-language movie directed by Upendra set in a utopian India in the year 2030. It begins in 2030, regresses back to the current (2010), and ends in 2030.
  • Neo-Tokyo in Akira (1988)
  • 2030 (2014): A science fiction film on the disastrous effects of global climate change.


  • I Do (Young Jeezy song) Andre 3000 mentions in a lyric 'And maybe 2030 our baby, she’ll be nerdy make the whole club swoon'
  • In the futuristic music video for Katy Perry's song E.T., there's a scene at a dump site where a dead bird is in a case, and the case says "Pigeon. Common bird, extinct in 2030."


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chestney, Nina (January 30, 2012). "World lacks enough food, fuel as population soars: U.N.". Reuters. Retrieved March 5, 2012. 
  2. ^ Pflanz, Mike (12 Sep 2013). "Africa's population to double to 2.4 billion by 2050". The Telegraph. 
  3. ^ "Most African countries achieve middle income status by 2030: Report". Ena.gov.et. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  4. ^ "By 2030 two-thirds of global middle class will be in Asia-Pacific - EY - Global". EY. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  5. ^ "UN predicts huge expansion of wealth in developing world that will shift power". mcclatchydc. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  6. ^ Tom Gjelten (2012-12-10). "The World In 2030: Asia Rises, The West Declines". NPR. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  7. ^ Friedman, George: The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century, pg. 133-134
  8. ^ "Megacities Of The Future". Forbes. 2007-11-06. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  9. ^ "Bright lights, big cities". The Economist. 2015-02-04. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  10. ^ "Almost all of the world’s biggest cities will be in Asia and Africa by 2030 - Quartz". Qz.com. 2014-07-11. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  11. ^ Mark Tran. "New UN goals call for end to extreme poverty by 2030 | Global development". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  12. ^ "World Bank chief tells Stanford audience that ending extreme poverty is possible". Stanford University. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  13. ^ "How and Why Countries are Changing to Reach Universal Access in Rural Sanitation by 2030 | The Water Blog". Blogs.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  14. ^ "IFLA Welcomes the UN 2030 Agenda". Ifla.org. 2015-08-04. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  15. ^ "United Nations pledges to get everyone online… by 2030". Thergister.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  16. ^ Todd, Emmanuel (2003). After the Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13102-X.
  17. ^ "UN Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 « International Literacy and Reading Blog". Blogs.ifla.org. 2015-08-10. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  18. ^ "U.S. Intelligence Agencies See a Different World in 2030". Bloomberg.com. December 10, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  19. ^ a b Will Fox. "2030 Future Technology | 2030 Urban Population | 2030 Timeline | 2030 Desalination | Jupiter 2030 Mission | Future Timeline | Humanity | Technology | Singularity | 2030 | 2030s | World Tin Reserves | 21st century | Bangkok 2030 | Kidney Cancer Five Year Survival Rate | Leukemia Five Year Survival Rate". Future Timeline. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  20. ^ "Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030". Energy.gov. 
  21. ^ Life (2014-12-01). "Tallest Buildings Of The Future". Business Insider. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  22. ^ Kuang, Cliff (2009-08-18). "Food in 2030: Printed on Demand, Crafted to Your Diet". Fastcompany.com. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  23. ^ "Printable Houses and the Massive Wave of Opportunity it will bring to Our Future | Futurist Thomas Frey". Futuristspeaker.com. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  24. ^ "Technology will replace 80% of doctors: Vinod Khosla". Impact Lab. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  25. ^ Robbins, Gary (2015-11-08). "Will scientists wipe out disease by 2030?". SanDiegoUnionTribune.com. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  26. ^ "Researchers Aim to Regenerate Human Limbs by 2030 | UConn Today". Today.uconn.edu. Retrieved 2015-11-14. 
  27. ^ Stein, Scott. "Self-driving cars will rule the roads in 2030, says Internet of Things visionary". CNET. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  28. ^ "Driving Your Car Will Soon Be Illegal". TechCrunch. 2015-08-11. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  29. ^ Will Fox. "2030 Future Technology - 2030 Urban Population - 2030 Timeline - 2030 Desalination - Jupiter 2030 Mission - Future Timeline - Humanity - Technology - Singularity - 2030 - 2030s - World Tin Reserves - 21st century - Bangkok 2030 - Kidney Cancer Five Year Survival Rate - Leukemia Five Year Survival Rate". Retrieved December 7, 2015. 
  30. ^ Giordani, Adrian (2015-09-15). "Future - The challenges of building a hypersonic airliner". BBC. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  31. ^ "Ships by 2030 could run by themselves, study finds". Marasi News. 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  32. ^ "Commercial drone invasion may not be far off". NY Daily News. 2013-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  33. ^ "Experts predict that one third of jobs will be replaced by robots". Business Insider. 2015-05-01. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  34. ^ Eugenios, Jillian (2015-06-04). "Ray Kurzweil: Humans will be hybrids by 2030 - Jun. 3, 2015". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  35. ^ Connor, Steve. "Computers 'to match human brains by 2030' | News | Lifestyle". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  36. ^ Atherton, Kelsey D. (2014-01-22). "Robots May Replace One-Fourth Of U.S. Combat Soldiers By 2030, Says General | Popular Science". Popsci.com. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  37. ^ "CAS, Alibaba team up on ...|Culture|WCT". Wantchinatimes.com. 2015-08-01. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  38. ^ McClelland, Jim (2015-06-28). "All you need to know about the future of smart cities". raconteur.net. Retrieved 2015-11-16. 
  39. ^ "Underwater Cities Could Be A Reality By 2030 | HUH". Huhmagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  40. ^ Katharine J. Tobal. "Japan Releases Plans For Futuristic Underwater Cities By 2030". Collective-Evolution. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  41. ^ "Insane Ocean Spiral proposed as giant underwater city". CNN.com. 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2016-04-16. 
  42. ^ Will Fox. "2030 Future Technology | 2030 Urban Population | 2030 Timeline | 2030 Desalination | Jupiter 2030 Mission | Future Timeline | Humanity | Technology | Singularity | 2030 | 2030s | World Tin Reserves | 21st century | Bangkok 2030 | Kidney Cancer Five Year Survival Rate | Leukemia Five Year Survival Rate". Future Timeline. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  43. ^ Will Fox. "2030 Future Technology | 2030 Urban Population | 2030 Timeline | 2030 Desalination | Jupiter 2030 Mission | Future Timeline | Humanity | Technology | Singularity | 2030 | 2030s | World Tin Reserves | 21st century | Bangkok 2030 | Kidney Cancer Five Year Survival Rate | Leukemia Five Year Survival Rate". Future Timeline. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  44. ^ "Lessons From a City Built Without Light Switches and Water Taps". TakePart. 2016-09-19. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  45. ^ Maslin, Janet (May 1, 2011). "A Wry Eye on Problems of the Future". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2012.