2020s

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

The 2020s (pronounced "twenty-twenties", shortened to "the '20s"[1][2]) is the current decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2020, and will end on December 31, 2029.

As the decade began, the COVID-19 pandemic spread around the world, causing widespread social and economic disruption.

Politics and conflicts[edit]

Conflicts and peace[edit]

The prominent wars of the decade include:

International wars[edit]

Name Start date End date Description
Israeli–Palestinian conflict 14 May 1948 Ongoing The conflict between Jewish and Arab communities in Israel and the West Bank has been ongoing since 1948.[3] After Israel occupied the West Bank, it began making settlements there, which has been an obstacle to the peace process.[4] Tensions remained high as Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, launched rockets and cross-border raids into Israeli territory, to which Israel responded with military force.[5]
Kurdish-Turkish conflict 27 November 1978 Ongoing Numerous Kurdish groups, including the Kurdistan Workers' Party (the PKK) have fought for an independent Kurdistan incorporating parts of Turkey. In 2016, Turkey has occupied parts of Northern Syria and in 2019, invaded Kurdish-held areas of Northern Syria. In 2020, Turkey launched an insurgency in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict February 1988 Ongoing The region of Karabakh has been disputed over the Republic of Artsakh, which is supported by the Armenian government. A ceasefire was held in 1994. In July 2020, a series of border skirmishes left at least 15 dead. From September–November 2020, a second war broke out in the region, in which Azerbaijan ended up emerging victorious.
War on terror 11 September 2001
  • 7 October 2001
  • 20 March 2003
Ongoing Motivated by the September 11 attacks, the United States and other governments started a large scale effort to eliminate terrorism.[6] With support from NATO, the United States invaded Taliban-controlled Afghanistan and overthrew the government, however remained in the country to stabilise the situation.[7] Two years later, on the pretext that the government of Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction,[8] the United States and a coalition of partners invaded Iraq and overthrew Hussein's regime,[9] after which the U.S. occupied the country, officially leaving in 2011.[10] However, insurgencies remained active in both countries, long after the invasions.[11]
Russian military intervention in Ukraine 20 February 2014 Ongoing After the fall of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Russian soldiers took control of strategic positions in the Ukrainian territory of Crimea and subsequently annexed the region after a controversial referendum.[12] In the months that followed, demonstrations in Donbass escalated into an armed conflict between the government of Ukraine and Russia-backed separatist forces.
Military intervention against ISIL 13 June 2014 Ongoing In late-2013, a terrorist organisation called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant began making rapid advances and territorial gains in Iraq and Syria. It captured Mosul in June[13] and made Raqqa its capital.[14] Various international coalitions were formed to help fight the militants.[15][16] By December 2017, ISIL had lost much of its former territory.
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen 26 March 2015 Ongoing During the Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and other countries part of a coalition invaded parts of Yemen in order to depose the Houthi-controlled government.
Turkish occupation of northern Syria 24 August 2016 Ongoing During the Syrian Civil War, Turkey invaded parts of northern Syria in order to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syrian Democratic Forces, and the PKK.

Civil wars[edit]

Name Start date End date Description
War in Darfur 26 February 2003 Ongoing
Mexican drug war 11 December 2006 Ongoing Following a rise in criminal violence as a result of drug trafficking in the country, Mexican President Felipe Calderón declared a war on drugs in December 2006.[17] Since the start of the war, the death toll from drug violence had sharply increased.[18] Arrests of key cartel leaders led to increasing violence as cartels fought for control of trafficking routes into the United States.[19][20][21]
War in Somalia 31 January 2009 Ongoing In 2009, Al-Shabaab, an Islamist militant group, began waging an insurgency against the newly formed Transitional Federal Government. In 2011, the federal government captured Mogadishu[22] and subsequently retook several towns across the country.[23] Since then, the government has attempted to clean out the remaining Al-Shabaab strongholds with help from AMISOM soldiers.[24]
Mali War 16 January 2012 Ongoing In January 2012, a rebellion by Tuaregs in Northern Mali began. After Malian president Amadou Toumani Touré was ousted in a coup d'état, Tuaregs captured Northern Mali,[25] and declared it to be the independent state of Azawad.[26] However, shortly afterward, various Islamists groups took over Northern Mali from the Tuaregs and imposed sharia law on the region.[27]
South Sudanese Civil War 15 December 2013 22 February 2020
Second Libyan Civil War 16 May 2014 Ongoing Following the factional violence that engulfed Libya after the fall of Muammar al-Gaddafi, a second civil war broke out among rival factions seeking control of the territory and oil of Libya. The conflict at the beginning was mostly between the House of Representatives (HoR) government that was controversially elected in 2014, also known as the "Tobruk government"; and the rival General National Congress (GNC) government, also called the "National Salvation Government", based in the capital Tripoli, established after Operation Odyssey Dawn and the failed military coup.
Yemeni Civil War 19 March 2015 Ongoing Preceded by a decade-long Houthi insurgency,[28] the Yemeni Civil War began between two factions: the then-incumbent Yemeni government, led by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, and the Houthi militia, along with their supporters and allies. Both claim to constitute the Yemeni government.[29]
Philippine drug war 30 June 2016 Ongoing Following a rise in criminal violence as a result of drug trafficking in the country, the Philippines has been engaged in a drug war since Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte was inaugurated on 30 June 2016. It has caused 3,000 deaths.[30]
Iraqi insurgency 9 December 2017 Ongoing A part of the larger Iraqi conflict that has been waged since 2003, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has been engaged in an insurgency against the Iraqi government and CJTF-OIR since the loss of territorial control in the Iraqi Civil War in 2017.

Nuclear proliferation[edit]

Terrorist attacks[edit]

Note: To be included, entries must be notable (have a stand-alone article) and described by a consensus of reliable sources as "terrorism". They also must have 100 or more fatalities reported.

Political trends[edit]

International relations[edit]

Democracy[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Αs did former leaders Hosni Mubarak,[31] Valery Giscard d'Estaing,[32] John Turner, Daniel arap Moi, Pranab Mukherjee and Carlos Menem.

Prominent political events[edit]

Coups[edit]

Event Date Country Ref.
Malian coup d'état 18 August 2020  Mali
Myanmar coup d'état 1 February 2021  Myanmar
Armenian coup d'état attempt 25 February 2021  Armenia

Africa[edit]

Event Country Date Description References

Americas[edit]

Event Country Date Description References
First Impeachment of Donald Trump United States 24 September 2019 – 5 February 2020 Under Article I, Section 3, Clause 6, of the U.S. Constitution, President Donald Trump was impeached for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress on 18 December 2019 by the United States House of Representatives. The United States Senate trial began on 16 January 2020 and ended on 5 February 2020, concluding with an acquittal on both charges. [33]
George Floyd Protests United States May 25 2020 – Protests and riots due to the killing of George Floyd spread throughout the US and lasted many months. The stated goal was to end systemic racism and police brutality. These protests and riots caused caused more than $1 billion in damage.
2020 United States presidential election United States 3 November 2020 The 59th United States presidential election was held on 3 November 2020. Democrat and former Vice-President Joe Biden defeated Republican incumbent President Donald Trump, with the Electoral College formally declaring Biden the winner on 14 December 2020.[34] Trump refused to concede, and filed lawsuits challenging the results in several states,[35][36] though most of the legal challenges have been either dismissed or dropped, with judges citing lack of evidence to suggest voter fraud occurred.[37][38] Trump had also unsuccessfully attempt to undo the election results by forcing government officials to block Pennsylvania and four other states from certifying Biden as the winner,[39] and urging his supporters to "walk" to the United States capitol to demand Trump be declared the winner of the election.[40]
2021 storming of the United States Capitol United States 6 January 2021 Supporters of U.S. President Donald Trump gathered in Washington, D.C., to protest against the result of the 2020 presidential election, and support Trump's demand for Vice President Mike Pence and the United States Congress to reject President Joe Biden's victory. Following a rally nearby, hundreds of Trump supporters broke into the Capitol building during a Joint session of Congress to disrupt the counting of the electoral votes.[41][42]
Second impeachment of Donald Trump United States 13 January 2021 – 13 February 2021 President Donald Trump was impeached for the second time by the House of Representatives, on this occasion for insurrection in relation to the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol, which left five people dead, including one law enforcement officer.[43] Trump became the first U.S. President to be impeached twice.[44] The impeachment trial ended on 13 February 2021, one month after the impeachment's start. Trump was found not guilty for inciting the Storming of the Capitol.
Inauguration of Joe Biden United States 20 January 2021 Democrat Joe Biden became the 46th and current President of the United States after his successful victory of the 2020 presidential election. Joe Biden had also previously served as the Vice President to 44th President of the United States Barack Obama from 2009 to 2017. Republican and former President Donald Trump has delivered his farewell address the previous day, and he refused to attend Biden's ceremony.[45] In addition, Kamala Harris became the first female to assume the role of Vice President, in addition to becoming the first Black American and the first Asian American to become Vice President.[46]

Asia[edit]

Event Country Date Description Reference
2019–2021 Persian Gulf crisis Iran United States 5 May 2019 The Persian Gulf region saw tensions between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran escalate in mid-2019. The crisis saw oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz sabotaged and seized, drone shootdowns, and efforts by the U.S. and United Kingdom to pursue military patrols to protect shipping in the gulf, known as the International Maritime Security Construct. On 31 December 2019 tensions reached a breaking point as Iranian-backed Shiite militia stormed into the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, leading to the targeted killing of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani in a U.S. drone strike on 3 January 2020. [47]

[48] [49]

2020 China–India skirmishes China India 5 May 2020 Since 5 May 2020, Chinese and Indian troops have engaged in aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes at locations along the Sino-Indian border, including near the disputed Pangong Lake in Ladakh and the Tibet Autonomous Region, and near the border between Sikkim and the Tibet Autonomous Region. Additional clashes also took place at locations in eastern Ladakh along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). [50]
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war Armenia Azerbaijan 27 September 2020 Starting on 27 September fierce clashes erupted along the line of contact between the armed forces of Azerbaijan and Joint Artsakh and Armenian forces. Both sides neglected ceasefire demands from France, Russia and the US and continued fighting with claims from both sides that they are prepared to fight a longwar to grapple control over the long contested Nagorno-Karabakh region. On 9 November a Russian-brokered peace treaty was signed by both sides.[51][52] [53]

Europe[edit]

Event Country Date Description References
Brexit United Kingdom 31 January 2020 The United Kingdom and Gibraltar formally withdrew from the European Union at 11PM (GMT). [54]

World leaders[edit]

20202021

Assassinations and attempts[edit]

Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include:

Date Description
3 January 2020 Qasem Soleimani, a high-ranking Iranian official, was killed in a United States airstrike near Baghdad International Airport.[55]
27 November 2020 Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, a senior official in the nuclear program in Iran, was killed by explosive trucks that ambushed him near Tehran.[56]
22 February 2021 Luca Attanasio, Italian ambassador to the Democratic Republic of Congo, was killed by an armed commando.[57]

Disasters[edit]

Non-natural disasters[edit]

Aviation[edit]

Event Date Country Description
Sriwijaya Air Flight 182 9 January 2021 Indonesia Sriwijaya Air Flight 182 crashed into the Java Sea shortly after take-off from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, killing all 62 people on board.

General[edit]

Event Date Country Description
Lebanon 2020 Beirut explosion 4 August 2020 Lebanon Massive explosion occurred in the port of Beirut. Reportedly, the blast was so loud that it was even claimed to be heard in Cyprus, which is 240 km from the location of the explosion.[58] The windows of major buildings in a 6-mile radius were shattered and roads were filled with debris. According to initial findings, it was estimated that a warehouse with 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate exploded, which was confiscated by the Lebanese government from the abandoned ship MV Rhosus and then stored in the port without proper safety measures for six years.[59] There had been confirmed 220 deaths, more than 110 people were missing and at least more than 7,000 were reported injured.[60] Beirut governor Marwan Abboud estimated that up to 300,000 people were left homeless by the explosions and there was a US$10–15 billion in property damage.

Marine[edit]

Event Date Country Description

Pollution[edit]

Event Date Country Description

Natural disasters[edit]

Earthquakes and tsunamis[edit]

Note: This table is a chronological list of earthquakes reported with 7.5Mw  or greater or that have reported at least 100 fatalities.

Event Date Country Description
Jamaica 2020 Caribbean earthquake 28 January 2020 Caribbean Sea A 7.7Mw  struck in the Caribbean Sea between Jamaica and Cuba at 14:10 local time on 28 January 2020. The earthquake was also felt in the United States, Mexico, Honduras, Dominican Republic, and the Cayman Islands. This was the strongest earthquake reported in 2020. No damages were reported. A small (12.2 cm) tsunami was reported in the Cayman Islands.[61][62]

Tropical cyclones[edit]

Event Date Country Description
Cyclone Amphan 16–21 May 2020 Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka 118 people were killed and millions made homeless in the strongest storm in two decades. Damage was estimated at US$13.2 billion.[63]
Hurricane Laura 20-29 August 2020 Lesser Antilles, Greater Antilles, Gulf Coast of The United States, Midwestern United States 77 People were killed and Thousands made homeless during one of the Strongest storms to make Landfall in the United States. Damages estimated at US$19.1 Billion
Typhoon Vamco (Ulysses) 8-15 November 2020 Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand 102 People were killed During the Typhoon and worsened the effects of the 2020 Central Vietnam Floods, Damages totaled up to US$440.8 million

Tornadoes[edit]

Event Date Country Description

Floods, avalanches, and mudslides[edit]

Note: This section reports only floods with 200 or more deaths and avalanches and landslides involving 30 or more deaths.

Event Date Country Description
2020 Van avalanches 4–5 February 2020 Turkey Two avalanches in Turkey's eastern Van Province resulted in 41 deaths and 84 injuries.

Volcanic eruptions[edit]

Event Date Country Description
2020 Taal Volcano eruption 12 January 202019 January 2020 Philippines On 12 January the Taal Volcano in the Philippines erupted at VEI 4 intensity, bringing intense ashfall to the surrounding areas and killing at least 3 people.[citation needed]

Droughts, heat waves, and wildfires[edit]

Event Date Country Description
2019–20 Australian bushfire season June 2019May 2020 Australia Bushfires in Australia continued into 2020, having started in September 2019.[64]
2020 Western U.S. Wildfires March 2020 – December 2020 United States Record-breaking wildfires began in several Western American states.
2020–21 Argentine wildfires July 2020 – Ongoing Argentina Sudden wildfires started in Córdoba and extended into several Northern provinces.

Other natural events[edit]

In 2020, a huge swarm of desert locusts threatened to engulf massive portions of the Middle East, Africa and Asia.[65][66] In tandem with the COVID-19 pandemic, this posed major hazards to billions of people who might be affected. Although experts had thought the insects would die out during the dry season in December 2019, unseasonal rains caused the incursion to reach unanticipated and hazardous levels.[67][68][69][70]

Economics[edit]

Trade[edit]

The World Trade Organization reported that trade growth had stagnated and that trade restrictions were increasing as the decade began. The sectors most affected by import restrictions were mineral and fuel oils (17.7%), machinery and mechanical appliances (13%), electrical machinery and parts (11.7%), and precious metals (6%).[71] Regional trade agreements were found to be increasing.[72]

The Brexit withdrawal agreement went into effect at the end of January 2020 with the UK completing its economic withdrawal from the EU at the end of that year.[73][74] The United States, Mexico, and Canada signed the USMCA agreement, which came into effect on 1 July 2020.[75][76]

Stock markets[edit]

Crashes[edit]

Event Date Country Ref.
2020 stock market crash 20 February 2020 – 7 April 2020 Global

Cybersecurity and hacking[edit]

Event Date Description
2020 Twitter bitcoin scam 15 July 2020 Multiple high-profile Twitter accounts, each with millions of followers, were compromised in a cyberattack to promote a bitcoin scam.[77]

Health[edit]

Pandemics[edit]

Event Date Infections and deaths Description
COVID-19 pandemic 2019 – present 112 million+ confirmed cases and 2.4 million+ deaths with more than 230 countries and territories reported by 22 February 2021.[78]
HIV/AIDS 1981 – present 37.9 million people living with HIV (end of 2018), 24.5 million people accessing antiretroviral therapy (end of June 2019), 32.0 million deaths from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic (end 2018)[79]

Science and technology[edit]

Space[edit]

Artificial Intelligence[edit]

Communications and electronics[edit]

Software and electronic platforms[edit]

  • Support for Adobe Flash Player ended on 31 December 2020.

Society[edit]

Population[edit]

  • The population of Egypt reached 100 million in February 2020.[85]

Race[edit]

The killing of George Floyd has led to many protest and riots across the United States and internationally. The stated goal of the protest has been to end police brutality and racial inequality.

Gender[edit]

24.3% of all national parliamentarians were women as of February 2019. 11 women were serving as Head of State and 12 as Head of Government in June 2019. 20.7% of government ministers were women as of January 2019.[86] Katerina Sakellaropoulou became the first female president of Greece in January 2020, and Kamala Harris became the first female Vice President of the United States in 2021.[87]

There are wide regional variations in the average percentages of women parliamentarians. As of February 2019, these were: Nordic countries, 42.5%; Americas, 30.6%; Europe excluding Nordic countries, 27.2; sub-Saharan Africa, 23.9; Asia, 19.8%; Arab States, 19%; and the Pacific, 16.3%. Rwanda has the highest number of women parliamentarians worldwide, 61.3% of seats in the lower house. About 26% of elected local parliamentarians are women.[86]

Environmentalism[edit]

The 2019–20 Australian bushfire season devastated the environment of Australia.

LGBT rights[edit]

Culture[edit]

Fashion[edit]

Fashion trends of the early 2020s have been largely inspired by the 2000s.[93][94][95] Wearing a decorative mask to prevent the disease COVID-19 from spreading was a fashion trend in the early 2020s.[96]

Film[edit]

Several films and other upcoming movies were released on streaming platforms instead of theatres due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a notable example being, though few films were also released simultaneously on both theatrically and streaming platforms.


Television[edit]

The 2020s started off with the primary streaming services being Netflix, Amazon Prime, HBO Max, Hulu and Disney+. Cable television and satellite television were continuing to fall out of popularity, and were no longer as prevalent as they were once in the 2010s and decades prior.

Music[edit]

In 2020, TikTok became an important music platform.[97] Streaming on Spotify and Apple Music increased due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Festivals such as Coachella were cancelled because of the virus. The COVID-19 pandemic devastated the touring business.[98]


Video games[edit]

The ninth generation of consoles began in 2020 with the release of the Xbox Series X and PlayStation 5. The video game Among Us surged in popularity online in 2020. Similarly, the video game Fall Guys grew in popularity online shortly after it was released in August 2020.


Architecture[edit]

Sports[edit]

  • Tokyo was to host the Olympic Games for a second time. Originally scheduled for July–August 2020, the games were rescheduled for July–August 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[99]
  • The 2020 T20 Cricket World Cup was originally scheduled to take place in Australia, but because of the COVID-19 pandemic was rescheduled to occur in India in 2021.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Many events were cancelled or postponed in 2020 and 2021 due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ van Lierop, Wal (24 December 2019). "Let's Make The 20s Roar Again!". Forbes. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  2. ^ Beaujon, Andrew (31 December 2019). "Finally, a Decade Whose Name We Can Agree On". Washingtonian. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  3. ^ "BBC NEWS". news.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 April 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Israeli settlement plan denounced". BBC. 18 November 2009. Archived from the original on 5 March 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  5. ^ Bear, Shalom (8 July 2014). "IDF's Operation "Protective Edge" Begins Against Gaza". The Jewish Press. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  6. ^ "President Bush Releases National Strategy for Combating Terrorism". 14 February 2003. Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Updated: Obama speech balances Afghanistan troop buildup with exit pledge". Associated Press. 1 December 2009. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Pilger claims White House knew Saddam was no threat". www.smh.com.au. 23 September 2003. Archived from the original on 6 December 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Online NewsHour Update: Coalition Says Iraqi Regime Has Lost Control of Baghdad – April 9, 2003". 1 December 2010. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  10. ^ Ali A. Allawi (2007). The Occupation of Iraq: Winning the War, Losing the Peace. Yale University Press.
  11. ^ (nyt), Carlotta Gall (13 November 2004). "World Briefing | Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban Leader Vows Return". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Putin signs laws on reunification of Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol with Russia". ITAR TASS. 21 March 2014. Archived from the original on 20 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  13. ^ Chulov, Martin (10 June 2014). "Isis insurgents seize control of Iraqi city of Mosul". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  14. ^ "ISIS announces formation of Caliphate, rebrands as 'Islamic State' | The Long War Journal". 29 June 2014. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  15. ^ Nicks, Denver. "U.S. Forms Anti-ISIS Coalition at NATO Summit". TIME.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  16. ^ Ed Payne and Salma Abdelaziz. "34 Islamic nations form coalition to fight terrorism". CNN. Archived from the original on 7 May 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  17. ^ "Mexico's drug war is getting even worse". Archived from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  18. ^ "Counting Mexico's drug victims is a murky business | National Catholic Reporter". ncronline.org. March 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  19. ^ Carl, Traci (10 March 2009). "Progress in Mexico drug war is drenched in blood". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 15 March 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2009.
  20. ^ "High U.S. cocaine cost shows drug war working: Mexico". Reuters. 14 September 2007. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 1 April 2009.
  21. ^ Sullivan, Mark P., ed. (18 December 2008). "Mexico – U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress" (PDF). CRS Report for Congress: Mexico and the 112th Congress. Congressional Research Service. pp. 2, 13, 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 June 2010. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  22. ^ "UPDATE 3-Somali government declares Islamist rebellion defeated". Reuters. 6 August 2011. Archived from the original on 10 August 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  23. ^ "Somalia: 'Al-Shabab' militants forced out of Jowhar". BBC News. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  24. ^ "SOMALIA: President says Godane is dead, now is the chance for the members of al-Shabaab to embrace peace | RBC Radio". www.raxanreeb.com. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  25. ^ Daniel, Serge (4 April 2012). "Mali junta denounces 'rights violations' by rebels". AFP. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  26. ^ "Tuaregs claim 'independence' from Mali". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  27. ^ Nairobi, Zoe Flood in. "Trouble in Timbuktu as Islamists extend control". Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  28. ^ "Yemen's ousted president Hadi calls for Houthis to quit capital – World | The Star Online". Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  29. ^ Orkaby, Asher (25 March 2015). "Houthi Who?". Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  30. ^ Yap, Clarissa Batino Cecilia (3 August 2016). "Duterte to Push Ahead With Name-Shame in Drug War as Deaths Rise". Archived from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 19 December 2019 – via www.bloomberg.com.
  31. ^ Maher, Hatem (25 February 2020). "Former president of Egypt Hosni Mubarak dies at 91". ABC News. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  32. ^ Kandell, Jonathan (2 December 2020). "Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, 94, Is Dead; Struggled to Transform France". Nen York Times. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  33. ^ Kyle Cheney; Andrew Desiderio; John Breshahan (5 February 2020), "Trump acquitted on impeachment charges, ending gravest threat to his presidency", Politico, archived from the original on 17 June 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  34. ^ "Electoral College makes it official: Biden won, Trump lost". Apnews.com. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  35. ^ Roebuck, Jeremy (9 November 2020). "Trump campaign moves to bar Pennsylvania from certifying election results in new lawsuit". www.inquirer.com. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  36. ^ Parks, Miles (10 November 2020). "Trump Election Lawsuits Filed So Far". NPR. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  37. ^ "Trump faces long odds in challenging state vote counts". Apnews.com. 10 November 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  38. ^ Berenson, Tessa (20 November 2020). "In Court, Trump's Lawyers Aren't Claiming 'Massive' Fraud". Time. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  39. ^ "Mike Pence rejects Trump's call to overturn Biden election". Cnbc.com. 6 January 2021. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  40. ^ "Transcript of Trump's Speech at Rally Before US Capitol Riot". www.usnews.com. 13 January 2021. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  41. ^ Peñaloza, Marisa (6 January 2021). "Trump Supporters Clash With Capitol Police At Protest". National Public Radio. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  42. ^ Amenabar, Teddy; Zauzmer, Julie; Davies, Emily; Brice-Saddler, Michael; Ruane, Michael E.; et al. (6 January 2021). "Live updates: Hundreds storm Capitol barricades; two nearby buildings briefly evacuated; Trump falsely tells thousands he won". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  43. ^ "These Are the 5 People Who Died in the Capitol Riot - The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  44. ^ Corinne Reichert (14 January 2021). "Donald Trump impeached a second time". CNET. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  45. ^ "Biden inauguration: New president sworn in amid Trump snub". 20 January 2021 – via www.bbc.com.
  46. ^ "Kamala Harris sworn in as US's first female, Black and south Asian vice-president". the Guardian. 20 January 2021.
  47. ^ "UK joins US in mission to protect oil tankers in Gulf". The Guardian. 5 August 2019. Archived from the original on 30 November 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  48. ^ "Trump accuses Iran over storming of US embassy compound in Baghdad". The Guardian. 31 December 2019. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  49. ^ "Column: What the killing of Qassem Soleimani could mean". PBS News Hour. 3 January 2020. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  50. ^ "Chinese troops challenge India at multiple locations in eastern Ladakh, standoff continues". The Print. 24 May 2020. Archived from the original on 27 May 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  51. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh: "We have to get ready for long-term war" - leader of disputed region - YouTube". www.youtube.com.
  52. ^ "Azerbaijan-Armenia clashes over Nagorno-Karabakh escalate - YouTube". www.youtube.com.
  53. ^ "Armenia-Azerbaijan: Both sides defy Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire calls". BBC News. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  54. ^ "Brexit: European Parliament overwhelmingly backs terms of UK's exit". Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  55. ^ "Trump orders attack that kills Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani, other military officials in Baghdad, Pentagon says". Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  56. ^ "Alleged head of Iran's nuclear weapons program is assassinated near Tehran". The Times of Israel. 27 November 2020. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  57. ^ Specia, Megan; Pianigiani, Gaia (22 February 2021). "Italian Ambassador Among Three Killed in Attack on U.N. Convoy in Congo". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  58. ^ "Impact of Beirut blast massive, shockwaves felt 240 km away in Cyprus: Reports". Archived from the original on 5 August 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  59. ^ "2,750 Tonnes Of Ammonium Nitrate Exploded: Lebanon PM On Beirut Blasts". Archived from the original on 5 August 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  60. ^ "Lebanon: at least 78 killed as huge explosion rocks Beirut". Archived from the original on 4 August 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  61. ^ Large M7.7 Caribbean Quake Felt as Far Away as Florida Archived 29 January 2020 at the Wayback Machine USGS, 28 January 2020
  62. ^ Magnitude 7.7 earthquake strikes off the coast of Jamaica and is felt as far away as Miami Archived 31 January 2020 at the Wayback Machine by By Steve Almasy, Brandon Miller, & Alla Eshchenko, CNN, 29 January 2020
  63. ^ "Recovery begins after storm ravages Indian, Bangladesh coast". ABC News. Archived from the original on 24 May 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  64. ^ Leister, Eric (1 January 2020). "'Apocalyptic' fires turn day into night as thousands evacuate in Australia". AccuWeather. Archived from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  65. ^ Vox.com Archived 12 June 2020 at the Wayback Machine, The other plague: Locusts are devouring crops in East Africa and the Middle East Billions of hungry insects are threatening to cause famine amid the coronavirus pandemic. By Umair Irfan and Jen Kirby 20 May 2020.
  66. ^ The Guardian Archived 12 June 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Rolling emergency' of locust swarms decimating Africa, Asia and Middle East. Unseasonal rains have allowed desert pests to breed rapidly and spread across vast distances leaving devastation in their wake.Locust swarms threaten a "rolling emergency" that could endanger harvests and food security across parts of Africa and Asia for the rest of the year, experts warn. An initial infestation of locusts in December was expected to die out during the current dry season. But unseasonal rains have allowed several generations of locust to breed, resulting in new swarms forming. Huge swarms of locusts have been causing devastation across swathes of Africa, Asia and the Middle East. Erratic weather conditions and storms have aided their path. As a result, countries have been battling the pests for months to avoid a hunger crisis.
  67. ^ Phys.org Archived 14 June 2020 at the Wayback Machine Famine risk for millions in second locust wave. by Nelson Mandela Ogema, Fiona Broom, SciDev.Net, 28 May 2020.
  68. ^ Esquimere Archived 12 June 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Why are swarms of locusts invading the UAE and neighbouring countries? This is the biggest outbreak of locusts in 70 years. 27 May 2020, by Sarakshi Rai.
  69. ^ Business Insider Archived 12 June 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Locust swarms devour fields of crops in a single day that would feed 35,000 people – and COVID-19 threatens to make the pest problem even worse, Jessica Snouwaert 19 May 2020,
  70. ^ Scientific American Archived 12 June 2020 at the Wayback Machine, NOAA is lending technical support to the United Nations in its battle against a massive locust infestation that's spread from Africa into the Middle East and Asia. NOAA's assistance is helping officials control the spread of the pests, but the U.N. says new desert locust swarms are advancing into India, threatening food supplies there. Meanwhile, heavy rainfall and devastating flash flooding are hampering efforts to knock out the infestation for good. 15 May 2020.
  71. ^ Report shows trade restrictions by WTO members at historically high levels Archived 7 February 2020 at the Wayback Machine World Trade Organization news, 12 December 2019, retrieved 6 February 2020
  72. ^ Regional trade agreements Archived 9 January 2020 at the Wayback Machine World Trade Organization Facts & Figures, 17 January 2020, retrieved 6 February 2020
  73. ^ UK and EU set out contrasting goals for post-Brexit trade deal Archived 7 February 2020 at the Wayback Machine Heather Stewart, Daniel Boffey, & Rowena Mason; The Guardian, 3 February 2020
  74. ^ "Brexit: New era for UK as it completes separation from European Union - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  75. ^ Canada kicks off USMCA ratification process, urges bi-partisan co-operation Archived 7 February 2020 at the Wayback Machine by Kelsey Johnson, Reuters Business News, 27 January 2020
  76. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  77. ^ Iyengar, Rishi (15 July 2020). "Twitter accounts of Joe Biden, Barack Obama, Elon Musk, Bill Gates, and others apparently hacked". CNN Business. Archived from the original on 16 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  78. ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live)". Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  79. ^ "Global HIV & AIDS statistics — 2019 fact sheet". UNAIDS. Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  80. ^ July 2020, Mike Wall 30. "NASA launches Mars rover Perseverance to seek signs of ancient life". Space.com. Archived from the original on 30 July 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  81. ^ "Hints of life on Venus". The Royal Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 15 September 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  82. ^ "'It will change everything': DeepMind's AI makes gigantic leap in solving protein structures". Nature.com. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  83. ^ "AlphaFold: A Solution to a 50 Year Old Grand Challenge in Biology". Deepmind.com. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  84. ^ "T-Mobile Completes Merger with Sprint to Create the New T-Mobile". Archived from the original on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  85. ^ "Egypt's population hits 100 million". Middle East Monitor. Middle East Monitor. Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  86. ^ a b "Facts and figures: Leadership and political participation". UN Women. Archived from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  87. ^ "Katerina Sakellaropoulou becomes Greece's first woman president". Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  88. ^ "Docket of HB669". Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  89. ^ "Swiss vote to approve legislation to protect LGBTQ+ rights". Archived from the original on 9 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  90. ^ "First Same-Sex Marriage Takes Place in Northern Ireland". Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  91. ^ "The Marriage (Same-sex Couples) and Civil Partnership (Opposite-sex Couples) (Northern Ireland) Regulations 2019". Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  92. ^ "Transgender Health Protections Reversed By Trump Administration". NPR.org. Archived from the original on 23 June 2020. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  93. ^ Rhys McKay, ed. (25 February 2020). "The 10 Best Trends From 2000s Fashion For Men". Who. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  94. ^ Diandra Malivindi, ed. (27 May 2020). "9 Trends From The 2000s That Are Surprisingly Back In Style". InStyle. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  95. ^ "Gen Z Is Bringing the 2000s Back...Here's How Brands Can Keep Up". YPulse. 18 February 2020. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  96. ^ Elizabeth Segran, ed. (23 April 2020). "The hot fashion accessory of 2020? Masks, masks, and more masks". Fast Company. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  97. ^ April 22, 2020, 11:33 AM·7 min read (22 April 2020). "How TikTok became 2020's most important music platform — from 'Old Town Road' to 'Toosie Slide'". Yahoo.com. Retrieved 20 January 2021.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  98. ^ Wood, Mikael (9 July 2020). "How the music business is faring amid the COVID-19 pandemic". www.latimes.com. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  99. ^ JOINT STATEMENT FROM THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE AND THE TOKYO 2020 ORGANISING COMMITTEE Archived 24 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 28 March 2020

External links[edit]

Media related to 2020s at Wikimedia Commons