35th Division (United Kingdom)

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35th Infantry Division
35th Division sign.svg
35th Division sign, used on vehicles. The sign is made from seven '5's (=35).
Active April 1915 – June 1919
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Engagements World War I
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Reginald Pinney

The 35th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during the Great War.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Originally raised for the Fifth New Army (K5) as the 42nd Division, it was renumbered as the 35th when the Fifth New Army was redesignated as the Fourth New Army in April 1915. By June 1915, the division had begun to congregate at Masham and in August it was moved to Salisbury Plain.[1]

France[edit]

Initially ordered to Egypt at the end of the year, it was instead transferred to the Western Front in February 1916. It would remain there for the rest of the war.[2]

The first major engagement of the division was the Battle of Albert during the Somme offensive in the summer of 1916.[3] In 1917 the division participated in the Battle of Arras and the third Battle of Ypres.[4]

In 1918 the division participated in final allied offensive, reaching the River Dendre when the armistice ended the fighting in November 1918.[5]

In January 1919, the division was called on to quell riots in the camps at Calais and was finally demobilized, in April 1919.[6]

Order of Battle[edit]

Details from Baker, C. The 35th Division in 1914–1918.[7]

104th Brigade

  • 104th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps (joined April 1916, left for division MG battalion February 1918)
  • 104th Trench Mortar Battery (joined February 1916)

105th Brigade

  • 105th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps (joined April 1916, left for division MG battalion February 1918)
  • 105th Trench Mortar Battery (joined February 1916)

106th Brigade

  • 17th (Service) Battalion, Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
  • 17th (Service) (2nd Leeds) Battalion, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment) (left November 1917)
  • 19th (Service) (2nd County) Battalion, Durham Light Infantry (left February 1918 for 104th Brigade)
  • 18th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry (disbanded February 1918)
  • 4th (Extra Reserve) Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment (joined November 1917, left February 1918 for 105th Brigade)
  • 12th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry (joined February 1918)
  • 106th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps (joined April 1916, left for division MG battalion February 1918)
  • 106th Trench Mortar Battery (joined February 1916)

Division Troops

    • 19th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers (Pioneers)
    • 241st Machine Gun Company (joined July 1917, moved to Division MG battalion February 1918)
    • 35th Battalion Machine Gun Corps (formed March 1918)
    • C Squadron, Lancashire Hussars (left May 1916)
    • 35th Divisional Cyclist Company, Army Cyclist Corps (left May 1916)
  • 35th Divisional Train Army Service Corps
    • 233rd, 234th, 235th and 236th Companies A.S.C.
  • Royal Artillery
    • 157th (Aberdeen) Brigade, R.F.A.
    • 158th (Accrington and Burnley) Brigade R.F.A. (broken up February 1917)
    • 159th (Glasgow) Brigade R.F.A.
    • 163rd (West Ham) (Howitzer) Brigade R.F.A. (broken up September 1916)
    • 131st Heavy Battery R.G.A. (left in March 1916)
    • 35th Divisional Ammunition Column (British Empire League) R.F.A.
    • V.35 Heavy Trench Mortar Battery R.F.A. (formed August 1916; left March 1918)
    • X.35, Y.35 and Z.35 Medium Mortar Batteries R.F.A. (formed June 1916, Z broken up in February 1918, distributed to X and Y batteries)
  • Royal Engineers
    • 203rd, 204th, 205th (Cambridge) Field Companies
    • 35th Divisional Signals Company

Awards[edit]

Between 1916 and 1918 the officers and men of the division won the following (the list is incomplete):[8]

British Awards
Victoria Cross 2
Companion of the Order of the Bath 7
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George 3
Distinguished Service Order 36 (including 2 bars)
Military Cross 150 (including 5 bars)
Distinguished Conduct Medal 44
Military Medal 328 (including 8 bars)
Meritorious Service Medal 20
French Awards
Legiond'Honneur 2
Médaille militaire 2
Croix de Guerre 20
Belgian Awards
Officier de l'Ordre de la Couronne 3
Croix de Guerre 11

Commanders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davson 2003, pp. 1–8.
  2. ^ Davson 2003, pp. 8–26.
  3. ^ Davson 2003, pp. 27–55.
  4. ^ Davson2003, pp. 56–150, 150–192.
  5. ^ Davson 2003, pp. 193–297.
  6. ^ Davson 2003, pp. 295–296.
  7. ^ Baker, Chris. "The 35th Division in 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  8. ^ Davson pp. 298-304

Bibliography[edit]

  • Davson, H. M. (2003) [1926]. The History of the 35th Division in the Great War (Naval & Military Press ed.). London: Sifton Praed. ISBN 978-1-84342-643-1. 

External links[edit]