9th (Scottish) Division

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9th (Scottish) Division
British 9th (Scottish) Division Insignia.png
Active21 August 1914 – 16 March 1919
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeInfantry
SizeDivision
EngagementsWorld War I
Battle of Loos
Battle of the Somme
Capture of Longueval
Battle of Le Transloy
Battle of Arras (1917)
Battle of Passchendaele
Ludendorff Offensive
Battle of Messines
Battle of Bailleul
Battle of Kemmel Ridge
Battle of Scherpenberg
Battle of the Lys Salient
Fourth Battle of Ypres
Battle of Courtrai
Battle of Ooteghem

The 9th (Scottish) Division, was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener to serve on the Western Front during the First World War.

After the 1st South African Infantry Brigade Group joined in early 1916, the division was known colloquially as the Jock and Springboks.

Unit history[edit]

In the Battle of Loos, notable for being the first battle in which British forces used poison gas, the 9th (Scottish) Division assaulted the Hohenzollern Redoubt, the 5th Camerons suffered horrific casualties, and Corporal James Dalgleish Pollock gained a Victoria Cross for his actions.

A piper of the 7th (Service) Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders leads four men of the 26th Brigade back from the trenches after the attack on Longueval, France, July 1916.

The 9th (Scottish) Division took part in major fighting during the Somme offensive. Notably it relieved the 30th Division at Montauban and later attacked German positions at Bernafay Wood, where it succeeded in capturing vital objectives and forcing a German withdrawal. In the Somme offensive, the 9th (Scottish) Division liberated the village of Longueval; the village now has a statue of a Scottish piper at its crossroads that commemorates this fact (see Caterpillar Valley Cemetery) and also other pipers who served in World War I.

Order of battle[edit]

The division comprised the following brigades:[1]

26th Brigade
27th Brigade
  • 11th (Service) Battalion, Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
  • 12th (Service) Battalion, Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
  • 6th (Service) Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers (transferred to 15th (Scottish) Division 7 May 1916)[3]
  • 10th (Service) Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (transferred to 26th Brigade 7 May 1916)
  • 6th (Service) Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers (transferred from 28th Brigade 6 May 1916)
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (transferred from 28th Brigade 6 May 1916, transferred to the 14th (Light) Division in February 1918)[4]
  • 27th Machine Gun Company (formed 23 December 1915, left to move into 9th Battalion M.G. C. 1 March 1918)
  • 27th Trench Mortar Battery (joined July 1916)
28th Brigade

(The 28th Brigade was broken up in May 1916 and replaced with the 1st South African Brigade. It reformed in September 1918)

  • 6th (Service) Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers (transferred to 27th Brigade 6 May 1916)
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (transferred to 27th Brigade 6 May 1916, returned September 1918)
  • 10th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry (transferred to South African Brigade 6 May 1916)
  • 11th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry (transferred to South African Brigade 6 May 1916)
  • 2nd Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers (transferred from South African Brigade 13 September 1918)
  • 1st Battalion, Royal Newfoundland Regiment (joined September 1918)
  • 28th Machine Gun Company (formed 3 January 1916 transferred to South African Brigade 6 May 1916)
  • 28th Trench Mortar Battery(joined 11 September 1918)
1st South African Brigade

(Replaced the 28th Brigade in May 1916 and was replaced in turn by a reformed 28th Brigade on 13 September 1918)

  • 1st Regiment, South African Infantry (merged with 2nd and 4th Battalions on 24 April 1918 as the South African (Composite) Regiment, regained separate identity on 1 September 1918)
  • 2nd Regiment, South African Infantry (merged with 1st Battalion, reformed 1 September 1918)
  • 3rd Regiment, South African Infantry (disbanded 18 February 1918)
  • 4th Regiment, South African Infantry (merged with 1st Battalion, reformed 1 September 1918)
  • 10th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry (transferred from 28th Brigade 6 May 1916, merged with 11th Battalion on 14 May 1916 forming 10/11th Battalion and transferred to 15th (Scottish) Division)
  • 11th (Service) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry (transferred from 28th Brigade 6 May 1916 merged with 10th Battalion)
  • 3/4th (T.F.) Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment (joined 6 June 1917, left 15 June 1917)
  • 3/10th (T.F.) Battalion, Middlesex Regiment (joined 6 June 1917, left 23 July 1917)
  • 2nd Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers (joined 26 April 1918, transferred to 28th Brigade 13 September 1918)
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (joined 21 April 1918, transferred to 28th Brigade 12 September 1918)
  • 28th Machine Gun Company (transferred from 28th Brigade 6 May 1916 left to move into 9th Battalion M.G.C. 1 March 1918)
  • South African Trench Mortar Battery (joined 13 June 1916)

Divisional Troops

  • 6th (Service) Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment (left March 1915)
  • 6th (Service) Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment (left April 1915)
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders (joined December 1914, became Divisional Pioneer Battalion early 1915)
  • 10th Motor Machine Gun Battery (joined 30 April 1915, left 11 June 1916)
  • 197th Company, M.G.C. (joined 19 December 1916, left to move into 9th Battalion M.G.C. 1 March 1918)
  • 9th Battalion, M.G.C. (formed 1 March 1918 absorbing the brigade MG companies)
  • 11th Motor Machine Gun Battery (joined 7 October 1918, left 7 November 1918)
  • Divisional Mounted Troops
  • 9th Divisional Train Army Service Corps
    • 104th, 105th, 106th and 107th Companies
  • 21st Mobile Veterinary Section Army Veterinary Corps
  • 212th Divisional Employment Company (formed by 23 June 1917)

Royal Artillery

  • L Brigade, Royal Field Artillery (R.F.A.)
  • LI Brigade, R.F.A.
  • LII Brigade, R.F.A. (left 8 January 1917)
  • LIII (Howitzer) Brigade, R.F.A. (broken up 11 September 1916)
  • 9th Divisional Ammunition Column R.F.A.
  • 9th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (left 16 May 1915)
  • V.9 Heavy Trench Mortar Battery R.F.A. (joined May 1916, left February 1918)
  • X.9, Y.9 and Z.9 Medium Mortar Batteries R.F.A. (joined April 1916; on 13 February 1918, Z broken up and distributed among X and Y batteries)

Royal Engineers

  • 63rd Field Company
  • 64th Field Company
  • 90th Field Company (joined January 1915)
  • 9th Divisional Signals Company

Royal Army Medical Corps

  • 27th Field Ambulance
  • 28th Field Ambulance
  • 29th Field Ambulance (left May 1916)
  • South African Field Ambulance (joined May 1916, left 13 September 1918)
  • 2/1st (East Lancashire) Field Ambulance (joined 26 September 1918)
  • 20th Sanitary Section (left 29 March 1917)

General Officers Commanding[edit]

Commanders have included:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baker, Chris. "9th (Scottish) Division". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  2. ^ Baker, Chris. "Gordon Highlanders". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  3. ^ Baker, Chris. "Royal Scots Fusiliers". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  4. ^ Baker, Chris. "Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  5. ^ Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]