|594 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1347|
|Balinese saka calendar||515–516|
|Chinese calendar||癸丑年 (Water Ox)|
3290 or 3230
— to —
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
3291 or 3231
|- Vikram Samvat||650–651|
|- Shaka Samvat||515–516|
|- Kali Yuga||3694–3695|
|Iranian calendar||28 BP – 27 BP|
|Islamic calendar||29 BH – 28 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1318 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||905/906 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1136–1137|
720 or 339 or −433
— to —
721 or 340 or −432
Year 594 (DXCIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 594 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Balkan Campaign: The Slavs invade again the Byzantine provinces of Moesia and Macedonia; during their pillage the towns of Aquis, Scupi and Zaldapa in Dobruja are destroyed.
- Autumn – Emperor Maurice replaces general Priscus for disobeying orders. He installs his inexperienced brother Peter, as commander-in-chief in charge of the war against the Avars.
- Emperor Wéndi repairs and expands sections of the Great Wall in the north-west, which is undertaken by using forced labour. During the years, thousands of civilians are killed.
- Empress Suiko issues the "Flourishing Three Treasures Edict", officially recognizing the practice of Buddhism in Japan. She begins diplomatic relations with the Sui Dynasty (China).
- Amos succeeds John IV as Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem.
- Approximate date – Pope Gregory I publishes his Dialogues.
- Kōgyoku, empress of Japan (d. 661)
- Li Shiji, general and chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 669)
- Zubayr ibn al-Awam, companion of Muhammad (d. 656)
- Ali ibn Abi Talib, first Shia Imam (d. 661)
- Maymuna bint al-Harith, wife of Muhammad
- Ramla bint Abi Sufyan, wife of Muhammad
- November 17 – Gregory of Tours, bishop and historian
- John IV, patriarch of Jerusalem (approximate date)