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Millennium: 1st millennium
661 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar661
Ab urbe condita1414
Armenian calendar110
Assyrian calendar5411
Balinese saka calendar582–583
Bengali calendar68
Berber calendar1611
Buddhist calendar1205
Burmese calendar23
Byzantine calendar6169–6170
Chinese calendar庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
3357 or 3297
    — to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
3358 or 3298
Coptic calendar377–378
Discordian calendar1827
Ethiopian calendar653–654
Hebrew calendar4421–4422
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat717–718
 - Shaka Samvat582–583
 - Kali Yuga3761–3762
Holocene calendar10661
Iranian calendar39–40
Islamic calendar40–41
Japanese calendarN/A
Javanese calendar552–553
Julian calendar661
Korean calendar2994
Minguo calendar1251 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−807
Seleucid era972/973 AG
Thai solar calendar1203–1204
Tibetan calendar阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
787 or 406 or −366
    — to —
(female Iron-Rooster)
788 or 407 or −365
Expansion of the caliphate under the Umayyads:
  Expansion under Muhammad, 622–632
  Expansion during the Rashidun Caliphate, 632–661
  Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750

Year 661 (DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 661 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]



Arabian Empire (Islamic Caliphate)[edit]

Muawiya I became caliph in mid 661, after the Abdication of caliph al-Hasan. Muawiya established the Umayyad dynasty (Muawiya with Councillors, from the manuscript of Hafiz-i Abru’s Majma’ al-tawarikh)


  • Approximate date – The imperial fleet of Japan invades Kyūshū by the order of Empress Kōgyoku. On its way, princess Nukata composes a famous poem at Nikitatsu in Iyo Province.
  • c. May – Empress Kōgyoku builds the palace of Asakura in Kyūshū, from trees cut down from the shrines. Two months later she dies. People say it is because the gods are angry with her for destroying the shrines.
  • July 24Emperor Tenji ascends to the throne of Japan after his mother Empress Kōgyoku's death. He sends an expeditionary force under Abe no Hirafu to Korea, to help the allied kingdom of Baekje.


  • King Munmu becomes the 30th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.[2]

By topic[edit]


  • Maximus the Confessor, Christian monk, is recalled from exile in Thrace. He is tried, and sentenced to mutilation. His tongue and his right hand are cut off to prevent his further opposition to the Monothelites.
  • Approximate date – In Gaul all Roman bishops are replaced with Frankish bishops. They become increasingly common, as Frankish leaders control the episcopate.




  1. ^ Roberts 1994.
  2. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.