610s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
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The 610s decade ran from January 1, 610, to December 31, 619.

Events[edit]

610

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
  • October 4Heraclian revolt: Heraclius arrives with a fleet from Africa at Constantinople. Assisted by an uprising in the capital, he overthrows and personally beheads Emperor Phocas. Heraclius gains the throne with help from his father Heraclius the Elder. His first major act is to change the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire from Latin to Greek (already the language of the vast majority of the population). Because of this, after AD 610, the Empire is customarily referred to as the Byzantine Empire (the term Byzantine is a modern term invented by historians in the 18th century; the people of the Empire itself always referred to themselves as "Ρωμαῖος" — tr. Rōmaios, Roman).
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]
  • Paper technology is imported into Japan from China by the Korean Buddhist priest, Dam Jing (approximate date).
Religion[edit]

611[edit]

By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

612[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Asia[edit]
Mesoamerica[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

613[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]
  • Islam: Muhammad begins preaching in public. He spreads the message of Islam and encourages a personal devotion to God. Quraysh leaders of Mecca oppose any change in the traditional tribal and religious customs.

614[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

615[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Mesoamerica[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

616[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

617[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

618[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]

619[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]
Religion[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

610

611

612

613

614

615

616

617

618

619

Deaths[edit]

610

611

612

613

614

615

616

617

618

619


References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Hodgkin, Italy and Her Invaders' (vol. 5), p. 160
  2. ^ Isidore, chapter 58; translated by Guido Donini and Gordon B. Ford, p. 27
  3. ^ Essential Histories: The Great Islamic Conquests AD 632–750 (2009), David Nicolle, p. 22. ISBN 978-1-84603-273-8
  4. ^ Brooks "Mellitus (d. 624)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  5. ^ Edmonds, Columba (1908) "St. Columbanus". The Catholic Encyclopedia 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 15 January 2013
  6. ^ Wang, Eugene Yuejin (2005). Shaping the Lotus Sutra: Buddhist Visual Culture in Medieval China. University of Washington Press. p. 321. ISBN 978-0-295-98462-9.
  7. ^ Roger Collins, "Visigothic Spain 409–711", (Blackwell Publishing, 2004), p. 75
  8. ^ KBS World
  9. ^ "Association for Asia Research- The forgotten glory of Koguryo". Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  10. ^ Walter Emil Kaegi (2003), Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium, Cambridge University Press, p. 75. ISBN 0-521-81459-6
  11. ^ Foss, Clive (1975), "The Persians in Asia Minor and the End of Antiquity", The English Historical Review, 90 (357): 721–747, doi:10.1093/ehr/XC.CCCLVII.721
  12. ^ The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (E) records this battle under the year 605, but this is considered incorrect; see Michael Swanton's translation of the ASC (1996, 1998, paperback), page 23, note 2. Between 613/616 is the generally accepted date, as first proposed by Charles Plummer, Venerabilis Beda Opera Historica (1896)
  13. ^ Crawford, Peter (2013). The War of the Three Gods: Romans, Persians and the Rise of Islam. Pen and Sword. p. 41-43. ISBN 9781473828650.
  14. ^ Alan Harding, "Medieval Law and the Foundations of the State", (Oxford University Press, 2001), p. 14
  15. ^ S. Wise Bauer, "The History of the Medieval World: From the Conversion of Constantine to the First Crusade", W.W. Norton & Company, 2010), p. 251
  16. ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 34. ISBN 0-472-08149-7
  17. ^ John Morris (1995) "The Age of Arthur", p. 307. ISBN 1-84212-477-3
  18. ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 34. ISBN 0-472-08149-7
  19. ^ The Early medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 41. ISBN 0-472-08149-7
  20. ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 35. ISBN 0-472-08149-7
  21. ^ Raymond Davis (translator), "The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis)", first edition (Liverpool: University Press, 1989, p. 63
  22. ^ St Dunawd, GENUKI
  23. ^ Alford Welch, "Muhammad", Encyclopedia of Islam
  24. ^ An Introduction to the Quran (1895), p. 185
  25. ^ Bede, "Ecclesiastical History", Book II, Chapter 12
  26. ^ a b Greatrex-Lieu 2002, p. II, 198
  27. ^ Foss 1975, p. 724
  28. ^ The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century (1991), John V.A. Fine, Jr, p. 42. ISBN 0-472-08149-7
  29. ^ Golden, "Introduction" 135. According to Chinese historical sources, the marriage was never carried out because of interference by the Eastern Göktürk Illig Qaghan, whose territory sat between his territory and Tang territory, and who felt threatened by the proposed marriage. Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 192.
  30. ^ a b "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  31. ^ Frye (1993), p. 169,
  32. ^ Dodgeon et al. (2002), p. 196
  33. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). "Sovereign and Subject", p. 216–220