Robur Siena

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Robur Siena SSD logo (2014).png
Full name Robur Siena S.p.A.
Nickname(s) Bianconeri ("White-black"),
Robur ("Strength")
Founded 1904; 114 years ago (1904)
2014; 4 years ago (2014) (refounded)
Ground Montepaschi Arena,
Siena, Italy
Ground Capacity 15,373
Chairman Anna Durio
Head coach Michele Mignani
League Serie C
2017–18 Serie C (Group A), 2nd
Website Club website

Robur Siena S.p.A., formerly known as Associazione Calcio Siena S.p.A. and often referred to as Robur[citation needed] or simply Siena, is an Italian football club based in Siena, in the region of Tuscany. The club was refounded in 2014 after the bankruptcy of the previous football club, known as AC Calcio Siena and founded in 1904, inheriting the city historical football tradition.

Siena plays its home games at the Stadio Artemio Franchi. The ground's capacity is 15,373 and is located in the centre of Siena.

Robur Siena achieved 3,893 stadium subscribers in the 2014–15 season in Serie D, setting the all-time record[1] for that league (later surpassed by Parma in 2015–16) and achieved 3,293 subscriber in the season 2015–16 Lega Pro season, ranking first[2] in Group B and fourth[3] amongst the 60 teams playing in the league.


Formed in 1904 as Società Studio e Divertimento (Society for Study and Entertainment), as a sports club characterised by a black and white striped jersey which was derived from the city of Siena coat of arms. It founded its football club, named Società Sportiva Robur in 1908. Today, the name "Robur" is widely used by the local supporters to distinguish itself from the two basketball teams, "Mens Sana" and "Virtus".

Former AC Siena logo

The team finally became known as Associazione Calcio Siena in 1933–34. In 1934–35, Siena were promoted for the first time to Serie B. In the post-war 1945–46 season, Siena played in the top division of Italian football for the first time. During that season, a mixed wartime league was composed of both Serie A and Serie B teams. Some of the southern sides that took part in the top division, including Siena, were Serie B teams, while northern Serie B teams played at the second level with the Serie C teams. Therefore, although Siena played in the top division, it was not considered as having officially played in Serie A during that season and not having qualified for the National Round.

After having spent 55 years playing in several lower divisions, Siena were promoted back to Serie B for the start of the 2000–01 season. Following a good first up season in Serie B, the following season saw Siena in serious trouble and coach Giuseppe Papadopulo was sacked, although he would later be recalled and was able to save the club from relegation on the season's final matchday.

The following season, again with Papadopulo as head coach, Siena were promoted to Serie A for the first time officially, led by players such as Rodrigo Taddei and Pinga. Their return marked 58 years since their last appearance in the top division of Italian football.

In the 2003–04 campaign, the first Serie A season in the club's history, Siena finished in a respectable 13th place.

In the 2004–05 Serie A campaign, with Luigi De Canio as head coach, Siena struggled for long periods of the season, languishing in the relegation zone for a great part of the campaign, and with the team drawing far too many games and barely recording any wins, they looked almost certain to be relegated. However, a resurgence of form towards of the end of the season gave them hope, and a 2–1 win against already relegated Atalanta on the last day saw them secure safety and an acceptable 14th place in the table.

The 2005–06 season also saw Siena fighting hard and it successfully kept its place in Serie A. They ended the season in 17th place. For the 2006–07 season, Mario Beretta, who led Parma during the previous season, was appointed as new head coach. He kept Siena in Serie A after a 2–1 home win against Lazio in the final matchday.

During the 2006–07 season, club chairman Paolo De Luca, who took over in 2001 and helped the club to their first historical Serie A promotion, started talks to sell the club to a conglomerate of Tuscan businessmen led by Giovanni Lombardi Stronati, chairman of Valle del Giovenco.[4] The bid was finalised on 30 March 2007, one day before De Luca died after a long illness.[5]

The head coach for the 2007–08 campaign was expected to be Andrea Mandorlini, but he left the club by mutual consent on 12 November. Former coach Mario Beretta once again took charge.

The club also explored the possibility of changing its denomination to include the name of their main sponsor, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena.[6] On 9 July 2007, the club announced it had changed their denomination to "A.C. Siena Montepaschi". However, the name change needed to be accepted by the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) to become official:[7] After the refusal by FIGC, this idea was abandoned.

The club was then acquired by Massimo Mezzaroma, with Valentina Mezzaroma as vice-chairman. On 7 May 2011, Siena were once again promoted to Serie A after finishing second in the 2010–11 Serie B. The club's stint into the top flight lasted two seasons, as they were relegated after ending the 2012–13 Serie A in 19th place.

Siena failed to register for 2014–15 Serie B on 15 July 2014,[8] later announcing their bankruptcy. Former A.C. Siena chairman Massimo Mezzaroma was also sued by the prosecutor for false accounting in player swap (RossiGaluppo)[9] Eventually the club and Mezzaroma were inadmissible from the charge due to expiry of the legal proceeding.[10][11] Nevertheless, Guardia di Finanza seized €8.5 million from Mezzaroma for charges related to the bankruptcy.[12]

In July 2014, thanks to the article 52 of N.O.I.F., the club was refounded under new legal person società sportiva dilettantistica Robur Siena, restarting from 2014–15 Serie D.[13] It was promoted to 2015–16 Lega Pro as champions of Group E in June 2015.

In the 2015–16 season, Robur won the regional derby against Pisa at the Garibaldi Arena[14] after 57 years and qualified for semifinal of Coppa Italia Lega Pro against Foggia, winning the first leg at home, 5–2.[15]

Due to the non-admission of Avellino, Siena became a candidate to repechage to 2018–19 Serie B on 1 August 2018.[16] Siena finished as the runner-up in the 2017–18 Serie C promotion playoffs, as well as runner-up in the group stage, losing to Cosenza and Livorno respectively.

Colours and badge[edit]

The team's home colours are black and white.


First team squad[edit]

As of 9 February 2018[17]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Italy GK Alessio Rossi
5 Italy DF Dario D'Ambrosio
6 Italy MF Stefano Guberti
10 Italy FW Alessandro Marotta
14 Italy MF Michele Cruciani
17 Italy MF Alessio Cristiani
19 Italy DF Matteo Solini
20 Italy FW Samuele Neglia
22 Italy GK Pasquale Pane
23 Italy DF Matteo Brumat
No. Position Player
26 Italy DF Andrea Sbraga
27 Italy MF Danilo Bulevardi
Italy DF Mirko Romagnoli
Italy MF Andrea Doninelli
Italy FW Alessio Campagnacci

Other players under contract[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy GK Federico Florindi
Italy DF Andrea Bizzarri
Italy DF Andrea Bracciali
Italy DF Alessio Gianneschi
Italy DF Michael Orlando
Italy DF Mirko Romagnoli
No. Position Player
Italy MF Andrea Doninelli
Italy MF Matteo Miccoli
Italy MF Giammarco Ravanelli
Italy FW Alessio Campagnacci
Italy FW Francesco Crisci

Retired numbers[edit]

4 Italy Michele Mignani, Defender (1996–97, 1998–2006)

Notable former players[edit]


Management and coaching staff[edit]

Position Name Nationality
Head coach Michele Mignani Italy Italian
Assistant coach Simone Vergassola Italy Italian
Fitness coach Marco Coralli Italy Italian
Technical assistant Lorenzo Spina Italy Italian
Goalkeeping coach Giorgio Rocca Italy Italian
Technical assistant Alessandro Signorini Italy Italian
Technical assistant Riccardo Tappa Brocci Italy Italian
Team manager Ivan Sarra Italy Italian




  1. ^ "NUOVO RECORD PER LA ROBUR". Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  2. ^ "Abbonamenti: Robur Siena, quarta in Lega Pro e tredicesima in serie B SIENA CLUB FEDELISSIMI". Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  3. ^ "Abbonamenti: Robur Siena, quarta in Lega Pro e tredicesima in serie B SIENA CLUB FEDELISSIMI". Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  4. ^ "Siena sell to new investors". Football Italia. Channel 4, JDT Sports Productions. 3 March 2007. Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2007. 
  5. ^ "Siena mourn President De Luca". Football Italia. Channel 4, JDT Sports Productions. 31 March 2007. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2007. 
  6. ^ "Siena set for name change?". Football Italia. Channel 4, JDT Sports Productions. 10 May 2007. Archived from the original on 12 May 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2007. 
  7. ^ "L'Assemblea Straordinaria" (Press release) (in Italian). A.C. Siena. 9 July 2007. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2007. 
  8. ^ "Comunicato Ac Siena" (Press release) (in Italian). A.C. Siena. 15 July 2014. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Procura Federale: deferiti 12 dirigenti sportivi e 4 società" (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "Comunicato Ufficiale №125/CFA" (PDF). Corte Federale d'Appello (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "Comunicato Ufficiale №93/TFN – Sezione Disciplinare (2016–17)" (PDF). Tribunale Federale Nazionale – Sezione Disciplinare (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2018. 
  12. ^ "Siena: sequestrati 8,5 milioni in beni all'ex presidente Mezzaroma". (in Italian). 8 August 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2018 – via 
  13. ^ "Voglio riportare la Robur ai livelli che le competono". La Nazione (in Italian). 30 July 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  14. ^ "Siena al top: vince a Pisa dopo 57 anni. Akragas, che fatica in casa". Sky Sport (in Italian). Sky Italia. 18 November 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  15. ^ "Robur Siena v Foggia Live Commentary & Result, 24/02/2016, Coppa Italia Serie C". 24 February 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  16. ^ "Novara e Catania con un piede in B, il Siena spera ancora". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). Milan: RCS MediaGroup. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 2 August 2018. 
  17. ^ "Prima Squadra" (in Italian). S.S. Robur Siena. Retrieved 2017-02-02. 

External links[edit]