Agent Orange Act of 1991
|Long title||An Act to provide for the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to obtain independent scientific review of the available scientific evidence regarding associations between diseases and exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides, and for other purposes.|
|Nicknames||Agent Orange bill|
|Enacted by||the 102nd United States Congress|
|Effective||February 6, 1991|
|Statutes at Large||105 Stat. 11|
|Titles amended||38 U.S.C.: Veterans' Benefits|
|U.S.C. sections created||38 U.S.C. § 1116|
|U.S.C. sections amended|
Agent Orange Act of 1991 establishes provisions for the National Academy of Sciences to analyze and summarize scientific evidence regarding presumptive military service exposure to defoliants, dioxins and herbicides, better known as Agent Orange, during the Vietnam War era. The United States Statute endorses an observation of human medical conditions directly related to non-Hodgkin lymphoma, soft-tissue sarcoma, chloracne, and consistent acneform diseases for military personnel who served in the overseas Vietnamese region. The Act of Congress ratifies a medical research compilation of voluntarily contributed blood and tissue samples provided by Vietnam-era veterans serving in Southeast Asia between 1961 and 1975.
Agent Orange Study
On December 6, 1979, the 96th United States Congress passed the Veterans Health Programs Extension and Improvement Act of 1979 which was enacted into law by United States President Jimmy Carter on December 20, 1979. House Bill 3892 endorsed the United States Department of Veterans Affairs to conduct an epidemiological study concerning human exposure and the adverse health effects of dioxins and phenoxy herbicides. The persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances protocol was subject to approval by the Office of Technology Assessment as stated in the provisions of the H.R. 3892 legislation.
The 96th United States Senate passed bill S. 2096 sanctioning the Agent Orange study to be conducted by the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. On January 2, 1980, President Jimmy Carter vetoed the Senate bill due to the repetitive purpose of the Section 307a1 provisions as stated in House bill 3892.
Title 38 Amendments and Associated Statutes
U.S. Congressional amendments to Title 38 regarding veterans' military benefits.
|Date of Enactment||Public Law Number||U.S. Statute Citation||U.S. Legislative Bill||U.S. Presidential Administration|
|November 3, 1981||P.L. 97-72||95 Stat. 1047||H.R. 3499||Ronald Reagan|
|October 24, 1984||P.L. 98-542||98 Stat. 2725||H.R. 1961||Ronald Reagan|
|December 6, 1989||P.L. 101-201||103 Stat. 1795||S. 892||George H.W. Bush|
|December 18, 1989||P.L. 101-237||103 Stat. 2062||H.R. 901||George H.W. Bush|
|November 2, 1994||P.L. 103-452||108 Stat. 4783||H.R. 3313||William J. Clinton|
- 1990 Chemical Weapons Accord
- Chemical Corps
- Chemical Weapons Convention
- Geneva Protocol
- Herbicidal warfare
- Ionizing radiation
- Jungle warfare
- Operation Ranch Hand
- Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
- Project AGILE
- Rainbow Herbicides
- Scorched earth
- United States chemical weapons program
- United States herbicidal warfare research
- Bush, George H.W. (February 6, 1991). "Statement on Signing the Agent Orange Act of 1991 - February 6, 1991". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 114–115.
- Bush, George H.W. (February 6, 1991). "Remarks on Signing the Veterans' Compensation Amendments of 1991 and the Agent Orange Act of 1991 - February 6, 1991". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 112–113.
- "Veterans Health Programs Extension and Improvement Act of 1979 ~ P.L. 96-151" (PDF). 93 Stat. 1092 ~ House Bill 3892. U.S. Government Printing Office. December 20, 1979.
- "H.R. 3892 ~ Veterans Health Programs Extension and Improvement Act of 1979". P.L. 96-151 ~ 93 Stat. 1092. Congress.gov. May 2, 1979.
- "S. 2096 ~ Agent Orange Study of 1979". Congress.gov. December 20, 1979.
- Carter, Jimmy E. (January 2, 1980). "Veto of Legislation Requiring a Study of Health Effects of Dioxin Exposure: Message to the Senate Returning S. 2096 Without Approval - January 2, 1980". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 4–5.
- "On the Agent Orange Trail". New York Times. July 5, 1979.
- "Traces of a Toxic Chemical Found in Vietnam Veterans". New York Times. December 13, 1979.
- "AGENT ORANGE STUDY WON'T BE COMPLETED UNTIL '89, V.A. SAYS". New York Times. September 1, 1982.
- Severo, Richard (September 16, 1982). "V.A. ASSAILED ON DELAYING AGENT ORANGE STUDY". New York Times.
- Lyons, Richard D. (September 25, 1984). "U.S. EMBARKS ON $100 MILLION STUDY OF AGENT ORANGE". New York Times.
- Clymer, Adam (January 31, 1991). "Bill Passed to Aid Veterans Affected by Agent Orange". New York Times.
- Haberman, Clyde (May 11, 2014). "Agent Orange's Long Legacy, for Vietnam and Veterans". New York Times.
- "Veterans: Use of Agent Orange in Vietnam" (PDF). U.S. GAO ~ CED-78-158. U.S. Government Accountability Office. August 16, 1978.
- "Veterans: Agent Orange" (PDF). U.S. GAO ~ 111614. U.S. Government Accountability Office. February 21, 1980.
- Bush, George H.W. (May 13, 1991). "Statement on Chemical Weapons - May 13, 1991". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. p. 503.
- "Agent Orange: Persisting Problems With Communication of Ranch Hand Study Data and Results" (PDF). U.S. GAO ~ T-NSIAD-00-117. U.S. Government Accountability Office. March 15, 2000.
- "Public Health - Agent Orange". Military Exposures ~ Agent Orange. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.
- on YouTube