Alberta general election, 1993

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Alberta general election, 1993

← 1989 June 15, 1993 (1993-06-15) 1997 →

83 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
42 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 60.21%

  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Ralph-Klein-Szmurlo.jpg
LIB
Ray Martin.jpg
Leader Ralph Klein Laurence Decore Ray Martin
Party Progressive Conservative Liberal New Democratic
Leader since December 14, 1992 October 9, 1988 1984
Leader's seat Calgary-Elbow Edmonton-Glengarry Edmonton-Norwood (lost re-election)
Last election 59 seats, 44.3% 8 seats, 28.7% 16 seats, 26.3%
Seats before 59 8 16
Seats won 51 32 0
Seat change Decrease8 Increase24 Decrease16
Popular vote 439,981 392,899 108,883
Percentage 44.5% 39.7% 11.0%
Swing Increase0.2% Increase11.0% Decrease15.3%

Premier before election

Ralph Klein
Progressive Conservative

Premier-designate

Ralph Klein
Progressive Conservative

The Alberta general election of 1993 was the twenty-third general election for the Province of Alberta, Canada. It was held on June 15, 1993, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. It is notable because it was seen by some as a contest between the former mayors of Calgary and Edmonton, Ralph Klein and Laurence Decore, respectively. Before eventually being defeated in 2015, it remained the closest the Progressive Conservatives had come to losing since coming to power in 1971.

Background[edit]

In 1992, the Liberal Party was led by Laurence Decore, a former mayor of Edmonton. Despite being the smallest of the three parties in the legislature, the Liberals made major gains by shifting to the political right and criticizing the Conservatives' fiscal responsibility, the province's rapidly rising debt, and the government's involvement in the private sector which resulted in some companies defaulting on government loans.

In September 1992, Don Getty resigned as provincial premier and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, after polls showed that he would not win re-election. The party membership elected Environment Minister and former Calgary mayor Ralph Klein to succeed Getty. Klein campaigned for the leadership in part by making arguments similar to Decore's. He favoured a near-immediate balancing of the provincial budget and rapid debt repayment thereafter, and declared his government "out of the business of business". By the time Klein dropped the writs, his party had regained the lead on polls.

The election was fought on a new series of electoral boundaries based on the census of 1991, drawn by a committee composed only of Progressive Conservative MLAs led by Bob Bogle, with no input from opposition parties. The new electoral map drew criticism from the Alberta Court of Appeal in 1994 because the committee gave no justification for creating four districts well below average population, one of which was Bogle's own riding of Taber-Warner.[1]

Campaign[edit]

During the general election campaign, Klein promoted the significant changes that he had made during his time of Premier, distancing the Conservatives from Getty's past administration. Decore, facing a Premier with whom he agreed on many issues, argued that the Progressive Conservative party had no moral authority left on the issues on which Klein was campaigning.[2]

There were several televised debates, however viewership was low since it coincided with the 1993 Stanley Cup Finals.

Election[edit]

Klein's efforts were seen as successful in reinvigorating the Conservatives from certain defeat just under a year earlier. Ending up, they retained a solid majority in the legislature for its seventh consecutive term in government. The Conservatives increased its share of the popular vote marginally, and lost eight seats in the legislature.

The Liberals capitalized on the stagnant PC vote and the collapse of the New Democratic Party vote from 26% to 11%. As opposition to the PC government coalesced around Decore and the Liberals, they won almost 40% of the popular vote and 32 seats in the legislature, including every seat in Edmonton. They formed what still stands as the largest opposition caucus in Alberta history with the exception of 1917, when the government majority was smaller but there were far fewer seats in the legislature. To the surprise of many, Decore stepped down as Liberal leader not long after the election, supposedly being pressured to resign by party insiders who felt that he missed the chance to form the government.

Ray Martin's New Democrats, previously the official opposition, were shut out of the legislature altogether for the first time since 1967. All of their seats in Edmonton—including Martin's--were lost to the Liberals, due to the popularity of Decore there. Martin suggested that tactical voting was to blame as well, as the anti-PC vote consolidated around the Liberals.

Results[edit]

Overall voter turnout was 60.21%.[3]

Overall results[edit]

Party Votes Seats
Progressive Conservative 439,981
44.5%
Increase 0.2%
51 / 83 (61%)
Decrease 8
Liberal 392,899
39.7%
Increase 11.1%
32 / 83 (39%)
Increase 24

Detailed results[edit]

Party Party leader candidates Seats Popular vote
1989 Elected % Change # % % Change
  Progressive Conservative Ralph Klein 83 59 51 -13.6% 439,981 44.49% +0.20%
Liberal Laurence Decore 83 8 32 +300% 392,899 39.73% +11.05%
  New Democrats Ray Martin 83 16 - -100% 108,883 11.01% -15.28%
  Social Credit Randy Thorsteinson 39 - - - 23,885 2.41% +1.94%
  Independent 21 - - - 9,214 0.93% +0.67%
     Natural Law Maury Shapka 45 * - * 5,017 0.51% *
Confederation of Regions Ray Young 12 * - * 3,556 0.36% *
  Alliance Mark Waters 4 * - * 3,548 0.36% *
Green Betty Paschen 11 * - * 1,995 0.20% *
Communist Naomi Rankin 1 - - - 47 x -0.01%
Total 382 83 83 - 989,025 100%  
Source: Elections Alberta

Notes:

* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x – less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Members elected[edit]

For complete electoral history, see individual districts

23rd Alberta Legislative Assembly
District Member Party
  Athabasca-Wabasca Mike Cardinal Progressive Conservative
  Banff-Cochrane Brian Evans Progressive Conservative
  Barrhead-Westlock Ken Kowalski Progressive Conservative
  Bonnyville Leo Vasseur Liberal
  Bow Valley Lyle Oberg Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Bow Bonnie Laing Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Buffalo Gary Dickson Liberal
  Calgary-Cross Yvonne Fritz Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Currie Jocelyn Burgener Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-East Moe Amery Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Egmont Denis Herard Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Elbow Ralph Klein Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Fish Creek Heather Forsyth Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Foothills Pat Black1 Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Glenmore Dianne Mirosh Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Lougheed Jim Dinning Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-McCall Harry Sohal Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Montrose Hung Pham Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Mountain View Mark Hlady Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-North Hill Richard Magnus Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-North West Frank Bruseker Liberal
  Calgary-Nose Creek Gary Mar Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Shaw Jon Havelock Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-Varsity Murray Smith Progressive Conservative
  Calgary-West Danny Dalla-Longa Liberal
  Cardston-Chief Mountain Jack Ady Progressive Conservative
  Chinook Shirley McClellan Progressive Conservative
  Clover Bar-Fort Saskatchewan Muriel Abdurahman Liberal
  Cypress-Medicine Hat Lorne Taylor Progressive Conservative
  Drayton Valley-Calmar Tom Thurber Progressive Conservative
  Drumheller Stanley Schumacher Progressive Conservative
  Dunvegan Glen Clegg Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton-Avonmore Gene Zwozdesky Liberal
  Edmonton-Beverly-Belmont Julius Yankowsky Liberal
  Edmonton-Centre Michael Henry Liberal
  Edmonton-Ellerslie Debby Carlson Liberal
  Edmonton-Glengarry Laurence Decore Liberal
  Edmonton-Glenora Howard Sapers Liberal
  Edmonton-Gold Bar Bettie Hewes Liberal
  Edmonton-Highlands-Beverly Alice Hanson Liberal
  Edmonton-Manning Peter Sekulic Liberal
  Edmonton-Mayfield Lance White Liberal
  Edmonton-McClung Grant Mitchell Liberal
  Edmonton-Meadowlark Karen Leibovici Liberal
  Edmonton-Mill Woods Don Massey Liberal
  Edmonton-Norwood Andrew Beniuk Liberal
  Edmonton-Roper Sine Chadi Liberal
  Edmonton-Rutherford Percy Wickman Liberal
  Edmonton-Strathcona Al Zariwny Liberal
  Edmonton-Whitemud Mike Percy Liberal
  Fort McMurray Adam Germain Liberal
  Grande Prairie-Smoky Walter Paszkowski Progressive Conservative
  Grande Prairie-Wapiti Wayne Jacques Progressive Conservative
  Highwood Don Tannas Progressive Conservative
  Innisfail-Sylvan Lake Gary Severtson Progressive Conservative
  Lac La Biche-St. Paul Paul Langevin Liberal
  Lacombe-Stettler Judy Gordon Progressive Conservative
  Lesser Slave Lake Pearl Calahasen Progressive Conservative
  Leduc Terry Kirkland Liberal
  Lethbridge-East Ken Nicol Liberal
  Lethbridge-West Clint Dunford Progressive Conservative
  Little Bow Barry McFarland Progressive Conservative
  Medicine Hat Rob Renner Progressive Conservative
  Olds-Didsbury Roy Brassard Progressive Conservative
  Peace River Gary Friedel Progressive Conservative
  Pincher Creek-Macleod David Coutts Progressive Conservative
  Ponoka-Rimbey Halvar Jonson Progressive Conservative
  Red Deer North Stockwell Day Progressive Conservative
  Red Deer South Victor Doerksen Progressive Conservative
  Redwater Nicholas Taylor Liberal
  Rocky Mountain House Ty Lund Progressive Conservative
  Sherwood Park Bruce Collingwood Liberal
  St. Albert Len Bracko Liberal
  Spruce Grove-Sturgeon-St. Albert Colleen Soetaert Liberal
  Stony Plain Stan Woloshyn Progressive Conservative
  Taber-Warner Ron Hierath Progressive Conservative
  Three Hills-Airdrie Carol Haley Progressive Conservative
  Vegreville-Viking Ed Stelmach Progressive Conservative
  Vermilion-Lloydminster Steve West Progressive Conservative
  Wainwright Robert Fischer Progressive Conservative
  West Yellowhead Duco Van Binsbergen Liberal
  Wetaskiwin-Camrose Ken Rostad Progressive Conservative
  Whitecourt-Ste. Anne Peter Trynchy Progressive Conservative

Note:

  • 1 Pat Black later changed her last name to Nelson.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stinson, Douglas (July 1, 1999). "Knowing Where to Draw the Line - Alberta Views - The Magazine for Engaged Citizens". albertaviews.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-31. 
  2. ^ "Alberta Campaigns Since 1935". CBC News. 
  3. ^ Election Alberta (July 28, 2008). 2008 General Report (PDF). p. 158. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 

See also[edit]