Ananda yoga

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Ananda Yoga
Founder Kriyananda
Practice emphases
Energy awareness, affirmations, higher consciousness
Related schools
Kriya Yoga

Ananda Yoga, or Ananda Yoga for Higher Awareness[1] is a system of Hatha Yoga established by Kriyananda, a disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda, and is based on Yogananda's Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF) and Yogoda Satsanga Society of India (YSS) teachings. Ananda Yoga emphasizes inner awareness; energy control; and the experience of each asana as a natural expression of a higher state of consciousness, which is enhanced by the use of affirmations.

History[edit]

Ananda Yoga was established by Kriyananda from one of the oldest Hatha Yoga systems in the West. Its roots are the 1940s/1950s, when Kriyananda was taught these postures by Yogananda. Yogananda, founder of SRF and YSS,[2] asked Kriyananda (then Donald Walters) and other young monks, to demonstrate the postures for visiting guests, as well as for public events, such as the SRF "Lake Shrine Dedication." Kriyananda and other monks also modeled for photos, for articles on the yoga postures in Yogananda's "Self-Realization Magazine."[3] From 1965 Kriyananda through his own organization started to teach Ananda Yoga publicly in California. In 1972 his students developed a Yoga Teacher Training Program, which is now taught in America,[4] in Europe,[5] and in India.[6] The director of Ananda Yoga, Gyandev Rich McCord, is a co-founder of Yoga Alliance and a member of its Board of Directors.[7]

Principles[edit]

Ananda Yoga uses asana and pranayama to awaken, experience, and control the subtle energies (prana) within oneself, especially the energies of the chakras. Its object is to use those energies to harmonize the body, uplift the mind, and above all to attune oneself with higher levels of awareness. One unique feature of this system is the use of silent affirmations while in the asanas, as a means of working more consciously with the subtle energies to achieve this attunement. Ananda Yoga is a relatively inward experience, not an athletic practice. A main goal is to prepare for deep meditation, as Hatha Yoga is considered the physical branch of Raja Yoga.[8] Ananda Yoga also includes Paramahansa Yogananda's Energization Exercises, which direct cosmic life force (prana) through the medulla oblongata to all parts of the body.

Energization exercises[edit]

The "Energization Exercises", a vital part of Ananda Yoga, are Yogananda's contribution to the science of yoga. He first developed them in 1916, within his organization then called "Yogoda," which he changed to Self-Realization Fellowship / Yogoda Satsanga Society of India in the 1930s.[9] He eventually expanded them into a set of 39 exercises. The goal is to tap into cosmic energy, recharging the whole body. Yogananda explains in his Autobiography of a Yogi: "Realizing that man’s body is like an electric battery, I reasoned that it could be recharged with energy through the direct agency of the human will…. I therefore taught the Ranchi students my simple “Yogoda” techniques by which the life force, centered in man’s medulla oblongata, can be consciously and instantly recharged from the unlimited supply of cosmic energy."[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ananda Yoga for Higher Awareness By Swami Kriyananda, J Donald Walters Published by Crystal Clarity Publishers, 1997 ISBN 1-56589-078-7, ISBN 978-1-56589-078-7 159 pages
  2. ^ Melton, J. Gordon, Martin Baumann (2010). Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598842043. 
  3. ^ Described in "The New Path" by Swami Kriyananda, Crystal Clarity Publishers, see http://www.ananda.org/inspiration/books/path/index.html
  4. ^ In various places, the main one being: http://www.expandinglight.org/yoga/teacher-training
  5. ^ At Ananda Assisi, Italy: http://anandayoga.eu
  6. ^ At Ananda Gurgaon, http://www.anandaindia.org
  7. ^ To hear Gyandev's keynote address, “Future Directions for Yoga in the West”, at the 2011 Yoga Alliance Leadership Conference: http://vimeo.com/31819734
  8. ^ Hatha Yoga was classically a staircase to Raja Yoga: see the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and Gherand Samhita, their very first sentences.
  9. ^ Kress, Michael (2001). Publishers Weekly: Meditation is the message. New York: Cahners Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier, Inc. 
  10. ^ Yogananda, Paramahansa (1997). Autobiography of a Yogi. Los Angeles, CA: Self-Realization Fellowship. ISBN 0-87612-086-9.