Anjuman-i Taraqqi-i Urdu
|Founded at||Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh in India, in 1903|
|Type||Urdu Literary Organization|
|Legal status||Non-Government Organization (NGO)|
|Purpose||To promote the Urdu language|
|(Founders and Pioneers)
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
Maulvi Abdul Haq (Baba-i-Urdu)
Anjuman Taraqqī-yi-Urdū (Urdu: انجُمن ترقئ اُردو) is an organization working for the promotion and dissemination of Urdu language, literature and culture in Pakistan and India. Anjuman-i Taraqqi- Urdu (henceforth called, the Anjuman) is the largest Urdu scholarly promotional association in South Asia.
History of the organization
The organization owes its origin to the All India Muslim Educational Conference, set up by the great social reformer and educationist Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1886, with the assistance of Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk. The basic objective of the above-mentioned Conference was to encourage Indian Muslims to adopt modern education, and for this purpose, establish schools and colleges along the lines of the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College (later known as Aligarh Muslim University).
The Conference had three sections: Women’s Education, Educational Census and Schools. In a later Conference held in 1903, three more branches were added: Social Reform, Shoba-yi-Taraqqī-yi-Urdū and Miscellaneous. It is to the Shoba-yi-Taraqqī-yi-Urdū that the current Anjuman traces its origins. Incidentally, Thomas Walker Arnold was the first elected President of the Shoba-yi-Taraqqī-yi-Urdū and the noted writer Allama Shibli Nomani was the first Secretary. These were some of the renowned personalities that worked so hard to create the Anjuman and people continue to draw inspiration from them even today.
In British India
Baba-e-Urdu (Father of Urdu) Maulavi Abdul Haq became the Secretary of the organization in 1912, and the base was shifted to the modern day Aurangabad district, Maharashtra in 1913, where he was employed by the then Nizam of Hyderabad. Then the Anjuman shifted its base to Delhi in 1938 where it functioned until 1949 with Maulavi Abdul Haq as its head.
In India after 1947
Anjuman in India is known as "Anjuman Taraqui Urdu (Hind)" (انجمن ترقی اردو ہند)
After independence of India, Dr. Zakir Hussain become the Vice Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University in 1949. Anjuman Taraqui Urdu was shifted to Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh. In the year 1977 Anjuman was moved to New Delhi with its office at Urdu Ghar. It started to work for the promotion of Urdu as a common language in India. As per the references of Eighth Scheduleof the Indian Constitution, it started to play a vital and positive role regarding the function Urdu.
Anjuman Taraqui Urdu Hind has echoed the nationalistic character and prominent Indian leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Dr. Zakir Husain had good relations with Anjuman. Premchand was one among the prominent person of the Anjuman. It has been maintaining the “Ganga-Jamni Tehzib” (Ganga Yamuna Civilization) among the masses and working both for the Urdu language and national integrity.
Currently Anjuman Taraqui Urdu has its branches in many states of India. Particularly most of the cities of India where considerable Urdu speaking population is, Anjuman has its branches and functioning to celebrate the secular fabric of the nation.
- Urdu Adab - اردو ادب (Quarterly)
- Hamari Zaban - ہماری زبان (Weekly)
- Current team of office bearers
- Dr Sadiq-ur-Rahman Kidwai (President)
- Dr. At'har Faruqi (General Secretary)
- Zamarrud Mughal (Adviser)
- Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (Member)
In Pakistan after 1947
In 1947, when the British left India, and India and Pakistan were created as two newly independent nations. Maulvi Abdul Haq supervised the relocation of the Anjuman base from Delhi to Karachi, Pakistan in 1949, fulfilling the wishes of Qāʾid-i Aʻz̤am Muhammad Ali Jinnah who had died in 1948. Maulvi Abdul Haq, himself migrated to Karachi along with the base of the Anjuman. He worked as the head of the Anjuman there till his death on 16 August 1961 in Karachi. The Anjuman played a decisive role in the creation of Pakistan. Baba-e-Urdu Maulavi Abdul Haq was succeeded by the Pakistani renowned scholar Jamiluddin Aali who handed over the office to Dr. Fatema Hassan in 2014.
Fatema Hassan is currently the Honorary Secretary of Anjuman Taraqqī-yi-Urdū Pakistan. The membership of the organisation was re-opened after 50 years on the occasion of the 53rd death anniversary of Maulvi Abdul Haq. According to the feelings expressed by some prominent Urdu-language scholars on the 53rd death anniversary event held in Karachi in 2014, "The Anjuman Taraqqi-i-Urdu played a decisive part in the creation of Pakistan."
The organisation publishes journals and books, and supports research and creative work in Urdu linguistics and literature. Prominent Urdu poet Josh Malihabadi (1894-1982) had also worked towards the progress of the organization in his lifetime.
- http://www.dawn.com/news/1278009, 'Homage paid to Baba-i-Urdu on his 55th death anniversary', Dawn newspaper, Published 17 August 2016, Retrieved 31 January 2017
- http://www.pakistanstudies-aips.org/sites/default/files/AIPS%20final%20report%20(Andrew%20Amstutz).pdf, 'Finding a Home for Urdu: The Anjuman-i Taraqqi-yi Urdu, (1903-1971), Published 31 December 2013, Retrieved 31 January 2017
- "After 50 years, Anjuman opens membership to Urdu aficionados". Dawn newspaper. 10 August 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- http://www.atuh.org, Official website of the Anjuman in India, Retrieved 31 January 2017
- http://www.atup.org.pk/indexe.html, Official website of the Anjuman in Pakistan, Retrieved 31 January 2017
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