Jamia Millia Islamia

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Jamia Millia Islamia
Jamia Millia Islamia Logo.svg
JMI logo
Other name
JMI
Mottoʻallam al-insān-a mā lam yaʻlam
Motto in English
Taught man what he knew not.
TypePublic
Established29 October 1920; 99 years ago (1920-10-29)
FoundersMahmud Hasan Deobandi
Mohammad Ali Jauhar
Hakim Ajmal Khan
Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari
Abdul Majeed Khwaja
Zakir Hussain
ChancellorNajma Heptulla (current)
Vice-ChancellorNajma Akhtar
Students19,773[1]
Undergraduates9,430[1]
Postgraduates3,680[1]
1,847[1]
Location
South East Delhi
, ,
India
CampusUrban, 254 acres (103 ha)
NicknameJamia
AffiliationsUGC, NAAC, AIU, AICTE
Websitejmi.ac.in
jmicoe.in

Jamia Millia Islamia is a Central University located in Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, India.[2] Originally established at Aligarh, United Provinces (present day Uttar Pradesh, India) during the British Raj in 1920, it moved to its current location in Okhla in 1935. It was given the deemed status by University Grants Commission in 1962. On 26 December 1988, it became a central university.

Najma Heptulla was appointed as the 11th Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia on 26 May 2017[3] and Najma Akhtar was appointed as the 15th Vice Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia in April 2019.[4]

In 2020, Jamia Millia Islamia ranked No.1 among the central universities in India.[5]

History[edit]

A 1970 stamp of India dedicated to the 50 anniversary of Jamia Millia Islamia
Dr. Zakir Hussain's mausoleum

Jamia Millia Islamia was established in Aligarh on 29 October, 1920 by Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Hakim Ajmal Khan, Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, Abdul Majeed Khwaja, and Zakir Hussain under the presidentship of Mahmud Hasan Deobandi.[2] It was established mainly in response to the demand of some students of the Aligarh Muslim University for a new National Muslim University which would be free from government influence as they felt that the administration of Aligarh Muslim University was of pro-British stance.[2][6][7]

It was conceived as a national institution that would offer progressive education and an emphasis on Indian nationalism to students from all communities, particularly Muslims. The emergence of Jamia was supported by Mahatma Gandhi[8][9][10][11] and Rabindranath Tagore who felt that Jamia Millia Islamia could shape lives of hundreds and thousands of students on the basis of a shared culture and worldview.[citation needed]

In 1925, Jamia Millia Islamia moved from Aligarh to Karol Bagh, New Delhi.[12] On 1 March 1935, the foundation stone for a school building was laid at Okhla, then a nondescript village in the southern outskirts of Delhi. In 1936, all institutions of Jamia Millia Islamia except Jamia Press, the Maktaba, and the library moved to the new campus.[12]

The University Grants Commission gave Jamia Millia Islamia the deemed status in 1962. Jamia Millia Islamia became a central university by an act of the Indian Parliament on 26 December 1988.[13]

In 2006, the King of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia paid a visit to the university and donated US$2.90 million for the construction of a library, now known as Dr. Zakir Husain Library (Central Library).[citation needed]

In 2019, the university emerged as a centre of the Citizenship Amendment Act protests after the act was passed by the Parliament. On 13 December 2019, Delhi Police tried to forcefully dismiss the protest of students and threw tear gas inside the campus on students to control their agitation. On 15 December 2019, police entered the campus on the pretext of trying to catch the mob that destroyed public peace outside the university campus. Many students sustained injuries because of the police brutality and it sparked protests in several other universities.[14][15]

Aim[edit]

The aim of Jamia Millia Islamia is often displayed with the following statement of Zakir Hussain.[2]

The movement of Jamia Millia Islamia is a struggle for education and cultural renaissance. It will prepare a blueprint for Indian Muslims which may focus on Islam but simultaneously evolve a national culture for common Indian. It will lay the foundation of the thinking that true religious education will promote patriotism and national integration among Indian Muslims, who will be proud to take part in the future progress of India, which will play its part in the comity of nations for peace and development. The objective of establishment of Jamia Millia Islamia will be to lay down the common curriculum for Indian Muslims taking into account the future challenges and will prepare the children to be masters of future".

Founders[edit]

The foundation committee of the Jamia Millia Islamia also included Kifayatullah Dehlawi, Hussain Ahmad Madani, Syed Sulaiman Nadwi, Abdul Haq, Abdul Bari Firangi Mahali, Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, Sanaullah Amritsari, Muhammad Iqbal, Syed Mahmud and Saifuddin Kitchlew in it.[21][22]

Campus[edit]

The campus is distributed over a large area. Many of its buildings are being modernised.

Shaykh al-Hind Mahmud al-Hasan gate

The university's scenic cricket ground, Nawab Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi Sports Complex, has hosted many important Tournaments and Indian women cricket matches.[23] This ground also hosted the University Cricket Championship in 2013[24] Besides its seven faculties, the Jamia has centres of learning and research, including the Anwar Jamal Kidwai Mass Communication Research Centre (MCRC), Faculty of Engineering & Technology, Faculty of Fine Arts, Centre for Theoretical Physics, and the Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar Academy of Third World Studies (ATWS). The Jamia offers undergraduate and postgraduate information and technology courses. Jamia Millia Islamia joined the green campaign and installed 2,250 kilowatt solar panels on the campus.[25]

Faculties[edit]

Jamia Millia Islamia has nine faculties under which it offers academic and extension programs:

Faculty of Law[edit]

Established in 1989, the Faculty of Law offered only the three-year LL.B. course until the early 2000s, but started additionally offering the integrated 5 Years B.A., L/L.B (Hons.) course for UG students from the academic year 2002-2003. It also offers specialised courses for postgraduate students and PhD programmes. It has been consistently ranked as one of the best institutes for law in India.[26][27] In 2018, the Faculty of Law made it among the top ten institutions in the country being ranked at the 6th position by NIRF rankings[28].

Faculty of Engineering and Technology[edit]

A fighter jet of the Indian Air Force stands in front of the College of Engineering

The Faculty of Engineering and Technology (FET) was established in 1985 with the Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering departments. Departments of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Applied Sciences & Humanities, and Computer Engineering and Aeronautics, as well as a University Polytechnic degree (1996) were added subsequently. The faculty offers regular courses and continuing programmes. FET was ranked 27 by NIRF in 2019.

Faculty of Architecture and Ekistics[edit]

Jamia Millia Islamia is the only Central university having the full fledged Faculty of Architecture & Ekistics. Though Jamia has a long History but the Architecture program was started in the Year 2001-2002. In a very short span of time Jamia established it's ‘Faculty of Architecture & Ekistics’, which is aimed to establish a seat of excellence for the education of architecture and associated disciplines and facilitate multidisciplinary research to deal with the complexities of Human settlements as a whole.This Faculty has the Department of Architecture which offers two degree courses in Architecture, six Masters courses and PhD.[citation needed]

Courses Offered:

  • B. Arch (regular and self-financing)
  • M. Arch. (Architecture Pedagogy)
  • M. Arch. (Building Services)
  • M. Arch. (Health Architecture)
  • M. Arch. (Recreation Architecture)
  • M. Arch. (Urban Regeneration)
  • M. Arch. (Ekistics)
  • PhD.[29]

Faculty of Humanities and Languages[edit]

A view of the Faculty of Humanities and Languages building

This Faculty has nine departments offering programmes in PhD, M Phil (pre-PhD), postgraduate, undergraduate, diploma and certificate courses.[citation needed]

Faculty of Fine Arts[edit]

MF Husain Arts Gallery in the campus

This Faculty has six departments offering programmes in PhD, Master of Fine Arts (MFA), Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), diploma and certificate courses.

The campus has an art gallery named after the Indian painter M. F. Hussain.

Faculty of Social Sciences and commerce & business management[edit]

Gulistan-e-Ghalib, which features the statue of Mirza Ghalib

This Faculty has seven departments

Social Science Block of Jamia Millia Islamia

The College of Social Science is based around Gulistan-e-Ghalib and is commonly referred to as the Main Campus.

Faculty of Natural Sciences[edit]

This Faculty has eight departments:

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Geography
  • Bioscience
  • Computer Science
  • Bioinformatics Infrastructure Facility
  • Biotechnology
  • Diploma in Unani pharmacy

Faculty of Education[edit]

This Faculty specializes in quality training and education to budding teachers through two departments:

  • Educational Studies
  • Institute of Advanced Studies in Education (Formerly Dept of Teacher Training and Non-Formal Education).

Academics like Farida Abdulla Khan are serving this faculty.

Centers[edit]

AJK Mass Communication Research Center[edit]

FTK communication centre in the campus

The Mass Communication Research Centre was established in 1982 by Anwar Jamal Kidwai, then vice-chancellor (later chancellor) of Jamia Millia Islamia. Jamia Millia Islamia is today known primarily for these mass communication courses[32] according to their own site.[33]

Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology[edit]

The mission of the Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CNN) is to promote forefront basic and applied research in the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology, with potential applications towards fulfilling national strategic needs. The main research focus of the centre includes nano-fabrication and nano-device, nano-materials and nano-structures, nano-biotechnology and nano-medicine, nano-structure characterization and measurements.

Centre for Management Studies[edit]

The Centre for Management Studies presently offers three programmes: Ph.D in Management, MBA (full-time) Programme, and M.B.A. (International Business) Programme.

  • Ph.D. Programme
  • MBA (Full Time) Programme
  • MBA (International Business) Programme
  • MBA (Entrepreneurship & Family Business) Programme

Centre for Spanish and Latin American Studies[edit]

The Centre for European and Latin American Studies (CELAS) offers Certificate, Diploma and Advanced Diploma in five languages viz. French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and Russian. All the Language courses offered at CELAS are part-time courses. Apart from the above-mentioned courses, CELAS also offers M.Phil/PhD in European Studies/ Latin American Studies. Occasionally, professors from different countries come and teach the above-mentioned languages.

Notable among these is the MA in Mass Communication offered by the AJK Mass Communication and Research Center:

  • FTK-Centre for Information Technology An internet facility is available for the faculty members, staff, research scholars, and students.[34]

Other centers[edit]

  • Dr. Zakir Husain Institute of Islamic Studies
  • FTK-Centre for Information Technology
  • MMAJ Academy of International Studies
  • Centre for Distance and Open Learning
  • Nelson Mandela Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution
  • Centre for Jawaharlal Nehru Studies
  • Centre for Comparative Religions and Civilizations
  • Centre for West Asian Studies
  • Dr. K.R. Narayanan Centre for Dalit and Minorities Studies
  • Academy of Professional Development of Urdu Medium Teachers
  • Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research
  • Centre for Theoretical Physics
  • India - Arab Cultural Centre
  • Centre for Culture Media & Governance
  • Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences
  • Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy
  • Central Instrumentation Facility
  • UGC-Human Resource Development Centre
  • Centre for Coaching and Career Planning
  • Jamia's Premchand Archives & Literary Centre
  • Sarojini Naidu Centre for Women's Studies
  • University Counseling & Guidance Centre
  • Centre for Early Childhood Development and Research
  • Centre for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (CIE)
  • Multidisciplinary Centre for Advanced Research and Studies[35]

Schools[edit]

Jamia Millia Islamia also imparts education from nursery to senior secondary level.

  • Balak Mata Centres
  • Gerda Philipsborn Day Care Centre
  • Mushir Fatma Jamia Nursery School
  • Jamia Middle School
  • Jamia Senior Secondary School
  • Syed Abid Husain Senior Secondary School
  • Jamia Girls Senior Secondary School Delhi

Library[edit]

Dr Zakir Husain Library

The main central library of the University is known as Dr. Zakir Husain Library[36] with its collection of about 400,000 artifacts — including books, microfilms, periodicals volumes, manuscripts, and rare books. Certain halls are dedicated to them. The library is open to all bonafide students of Jamia Millia Islamia. Besides this, there are subject collection in libraries of some faculties and centres.[37]

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2020)[38]751-800
QS (Asia) (2020)[39]192
QS (BRICS) (2019)[40]125
Times (World) (2020)[41]601-800
Times (Asia) (2020)[42]192
Times (Emerging) (2020)[43]201-250
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2020)[44]16
NIRF (Universities) (2020)[45]10
The Week (Universities) (2019)[46]7
Outlook India (Universities) (2020)[47]12
Engineering – India
NIRF (2020)[48]28
Law – India
NIRF (2020)[49]9
The Week (2019)[50]14
Outlook India (2019)[51]6
India Today (2019)[52]12
Business/Management – India
NIRF (2020)[53]34
Architecture – India
NIRF (2020)[54]10

Jamia Millia Islamia has been ranked 538 out of 1100 universities worldwide by Round University Ranking.[55] Jamia Millia Islamia has been ranked at 3rd position among the top 25 Central Universities and at 17th rank among top 100 universities by Outlook-I Care India University Rankings 2019. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked it 601-800 globally in the 2020 ranking[41] 192 in Asia in 2020[42] and 201-250 among Emerging Economies University Rankings 2020.[43] It has ranked on 192 position among the top 200 Universities in Asia category by the QS Asia Ranking 2020,[39] ranked125 among the universities in BRICS countries by the QS BRICS Ranking 2019[40] and ranked on 751-800 position in QS World University Rankings in 2020.[38]

It was ranked 1 in India overall by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2019,[44] 10 among universities,[45] 6th in law ranking, 8th in architecture ranking, 27th in the engineering ranking and 34th in the management ranking.

The Faculty of Law was ranked 6th in India by Outlook India's "India's Top 30 Law Colleges In 2019"[51] and 14th in India by The Week's "Top Law Colleges 2019".[50]

Former Chancellors[edit]

Former Vice Chancellors[edit]

Following people have been Vice Chancellors of Jamia Millia Islamia:

  1. Mohammad Ali Jouhar (1920–1923)
  2. Abdul Majeed Khwaja (1923–1925)
  3. Dr. Zakir Husain (1926–1948)
  4. Mohammad Mujeeb (1948–1973)
  5. Masud Husain Khan (1973–1978)
  6. Anwar Jamal Kidwai (1978–1983)
  7. Ali Ashraf (1983–1989)
  8. Syed Zahoor Qasim (1989–1991)
  9. Bashiruddin Ahmad (1991–1996)
  10. Mohammad Ahmed Zaki (1997–2000)
  11. Syed Shahid Mahdi (2000–2004)
  12. Mushirul Hasan (2004–2009)
  13. Najeeb Jung (2009–2013)[57]
  14. Talat Ahmad (2014 -2018)[58]

Notable alumni[edit]

Since its inception, Jamia Millia Islamia has produced notable alumni. Notable alumni in Bollywood include Shah Rukh Khan, Mouni Roy; in journalism include Arfa Khanum Sherwani, Barkha Dutt, Anjana Om Kashyap; in politics include Salman Khurshid; in Cricket include Virendar Sehwag. It has also produced notable scholars including Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Combined Prospectus Schools 2020" (PDF). Jamia Millia Islamia. 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Zafar Ahmad Nizami. Memarān-e-Jamia (in Urdu) (2011 ed.). Maktaba Jamia Limited, Delhi. ISBN 978-81-7587-475-6.
  3. ^ "Najma Heptulla appointed as new Jamia Millia Islamia Chancellor - Free Press Journal". 29 May 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Professor Najma Akhtar appointed Jamia Millia's first woman vice-chancellor". Amandeep Shukla. Hindustan Times. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  5. ^ Ibrar, Mohammad (13 August 2013). "Jamia Millia Islamia News: Jamia Millia Islamia tops central universities in government rankings | Delhi News - Times of India". The Times of India (Aug 13). TNN.
  6. ^ Syed Muhammad Miyan Deobandi. Ulama-e-Haqq Ke Mujahidana Karname. Faisal International, New Delhi.
  7. ^ "Shaikhul-Hind Mahmood Hasan: symbol of freedom struggle". MilliGazette.com. 12 February 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  8. ^ Mahtab Alam (29 October 2019). "Gandhi, a Lifelong Friend of Jamia Millia Islamia". The Wire. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  9. ^ India Today Web Desk (3 October 2019). "Mahatma Gandhi's rare letters displayed by Jamia Millia Islamia". India Today. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  10. ^ Nishat Zaidi. "Jamia remains the cradle of Gandhi's ideals". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  11. ^ "Gandhiji on the Indian Muslims and Jamia: Some Reflections". Countercurrents. 12 October 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d "Profile of Jamia Millia Islamia - History - Historical Note". www.jmi.ac.in. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  13. ^ Javed Akhatar. Jamia Millia Islamias contribution to Islamic studies since 1920 (PDF). pp. 26–41. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Protest outside IIM-A in support of Jamia students; 50 held". The Hindu. PTI. 16 December 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 18 December 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
  15. ^ "From Oxford to Harvard, universities abroad see protests against police crackdown in Jamia, AMU". The Economic Times. 17 December 2019. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  16. ^ "जामिया मिल्लिया इस्लामिया की बुनियाद रेशमी रुमाल तहरीक के नायक शेख़ उल हिन्द मौलाना महमूद उल हसन ने अलीगढ़ में रखी थी". Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  17. ^ Syed Muhammad Miyan Deobandi, Ulama-e-Haqq Aur Unke Mujahidana Karname, Vol. 1, Page 144.
  18. ^ "Jauhar was one of the founders of Jamia Millia Islamia". Times of India.
  19. ^ "Remembering Zakir Hussain: The former President of India and founder of Jamia Millia University". India Today.
  20. ^ "Jamia - Auditorium & Guest House - Dr. M. A. Ansari Auditorium and Safdar Hashmi Amphitheatre". www.jmi.ac.in. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  21. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20070630204759/http://www.jmi.nic.in/HistoryofJamia.htm
  22. ^ Shamsur Rahman Mohsini. Qawmi Taleemi Tehreek [National Educational Movement] (2012 ed.). Delhi: Maktaba Jamia. p. 19. ISBN 978-81-7587-788-7.
  23. ^ "Jamia Millia Islamia University Ground | India | Cricket Grounds | ESPNcricinfo.com". Cricinfo. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  24. ^ Jaleel, Khalid (17 February 2013). "Jamia to Play in the Highly-Anticipated Toyota University Cricket Championship". Jamia Journal. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  25. ^ "Eco revolution! Solar-powered Jamia Milia Islamia to get green buildings too". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  26. ^ "India's Best Universities - Jamia Millia Islamia Faculty of Law". India Today. 26 June 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  27. ^ "Law Ranking". National Institute Ranking Framework. MHRD. 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  28. ^ "NIRF 2018: JMI's Law And Architecture Departments Among The Best In The Country". ndtv.com/education. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  29. ^ "Jamia - Faculties -Faculty of Architecture and Ekistics - Introduction". www.jmi.ac.in. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  30. ^ Syed Mehboob Rizwi. History of the Dar al-Ulum, Deoband (1st, 1981 ed.). Darul Uloom Deoband. pp. 114–116.
  31. ^ "Department of Islamic Studies". Jamia Millia Islamia. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  32. ^ "EMDI World – Advertising – Event Management Courses Mumbai – India". emdiworld.com.
  33. ^ "About MCRC". ajkmcrc.org. Archived from the original on 12 April 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  34. ^ http://jmi.ac.in/cit/cit.htm
  35. ^ Full list of Faculties/Centres Archived 12 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ Ajit Kumar. Assessment of Library Resources and Services of Central University Libraries, Delhi: A Study. digitalcommons. p. 1. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  37. ^ Nigar. Collection and Development in the University Libraries of Jamia Millia Islamia and Jamia Hamdard (PDF). Aligarh Muslim University. pp. 36–46. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  38. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  39. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020.
  40. ^ a b "QS BRICS University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
  41. ^ a b "Top 1000 World University Rankings 2020". Times Higher Education. 2019.
  42. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings (2020)". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  43. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings (2020)". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  44. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  45. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  46. ^ "The Week India University Rankings 2019". The Week. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  47. ^ "Top 75 Universities In India In 2020". The Outlook. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  48. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Engineering)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  49. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Law)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  50. ^ a b Pushkarna, Vijaya (8 June 2019). "Best colleges: THE WEEK-Hansa Research Survey 2019". The Week.
  51. ^ a b "Outlook India: India's Top 30 Law Colleges In 2019 Outlook India Magazine". Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  52. ^ "India's Best Colleges 2019: Law". India Today. 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  53. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Management)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  54. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Architecture)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  55. ^ "JMI SCALES HIGH IN MOSCOW BASED RUR WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKING 2020". Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  56. ^ Chanda, Amit Kr (2 December 2002). "JMI celebrates 82nd foundation day". The Times of India.
  57. ^ "Past Vice Chancellors' Profile: Mr Najeeb Jung". Jamia Millia Islamia. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015.
  58. ^ "President accepts Talat Ahmad's resignation as Jamia Millia VC". News by Careers360. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2020.

External links[edit]

Media related to Jamia Millia Islamia at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 28°33′41.79″N 77°16′48.54″E / 28.5616083°N 77.2801500°E / 28.5616083; 77.2801500