Annapurna Conservation Area
|Annapurna Conservation Area|
|अन्नपूर्णा संरक्षण क्षेत्र|
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
|Area||7,629 km2 (2,946 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation|
Annapurna Conservation Area is Nepal's largest protected area covering 7,629 km2 (2,946 sq mi) in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas. It ranges in elevation from 790 m (2,590 ft) to the peak of Annapurna I at 8,091 m (26,545 ft). The conservation area stretches across Manang, Mustang, Kaski, Myagdi, and Lamjung Districts. Annapurna Conservation Area encompasses Annapurna Sanctuary and is known for several trekking routes including Annapurna Circuit.
Two climatic regions within a span of 120 km (75 mi) and an altitude of 1,000 to 8,000 m (3,300 to 26,200 ft) are distinguished. Rainfall in the southern part of the Annapurnas is higher than in the rain shadow to the north of the peaks. Annual precipitation is highest during the Asian monsoon between June and September ranging from 5,032 mm (198.1 in) on the southern slopes at 2,950 m (9,680 ft) altitude to 1,099 mm (43.3 in) in rain shadow areas at 2,760 m (9,060 ft) altitude. Snow accumulates between 2,000 and 3,000 m (6,600 and 9,800 ft). In the winter of 1999–2000, areas above 3,000 m (9,800 ft) were snow-covered until end of March, and until May above 4,400 m (14,400 ft). At this altitude, winter air temperatures range from −4.65 to −6.06 °C (23.63 to 21.09 °F).
- Bhuju, U. R., Shakya, P. R., Basnet, T. B., Shrestha, S. (2007). Nepal Biodiversity Resource Book. Protected Areas, Ramsar Sites, and World Heritage Sites (PDF). Kathmandu: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, in cooperation with United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. ISBN 978-92-9115-033-5.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Putkonen, J. K. (2004). "Continuous snow and rain data at 500 to 4400 m altitude near Annapurna, Nepal, 1999–2001". Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 36 (2): 244–248. doi:10.1657/1523-0430(2004)036[0244:CSARDA]2.0.CO;2.
- BirdLife International. "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Annapurna Conservation Area".
- Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Nepal: Annapurna Conservation Area