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Manang District, Nepal

Coordinates: 28°33′7″N 84°14′27″E / 28.55194°N 84.24083°E / 28.55194; 84.24083
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Manang District
Annapurna, Manang District
Annapurna, Manang District
Location of Manang (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
Location of Manang (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
Country Nepal
ProvinceGandaki Province
Admin HQ.Chame
Former HQ.Thoche
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Manang
 • Total2,246 km2 (867 sq mi)
 • Total6,538
 • Density2.9/km2 (7.5/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Telephone Code066

Manang District (Nepali: मनाङ जिल्ला Listen, in Gandaki Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Chame as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,246 km2 (867 sq mi) and in 2011 had a population of 6,538.[1]

The Thorung La pass, at 5,415 meters above sea level, connects the district with Mustang district by providing a route between the towns of Manang and Muktinath. Manang district gets the lowest amount of rainfall among the districts of Nepal as it lies to the north of the Himalayas, which block monsoon winds. The Manang Valley, which lies close to the Nepal-Tibet border, offers tremendous opportunities due to its rich natural flora and fauna. Three tracks start from here. The first, via Thorangla, Muktinath, and Mustang to Lhasa—a journey that takes four days; the second via Naur Khola and Naurgaon, which takes five days to Lhasa; and the third via Larkiya bazar, which is the one most commonly used by the people of Central Nepal.

Along with the Marwaris who have migrated from India to Nepal in large numbers, the Manangies are the best known traders of Nepal. They have received special dispensation from the King to trade in South East Asia, and travel abroad with precious stones and metals, musk, herbs and other items. They import ready-made garments, watches and electronic goods. Many of the Manangies spend as much as six months away from home, returning only during the summers. Many of them reside in Kathmandu, where their children study in English-medium schools. The parents' lack of proficiency in the English language is irrelevant as it in no way affects their trading skills.[citation needed]

Since the area was opened to outsiders in the late 1970s, many have switched from the traditional agriculture to hoteleering.

The trail from Manang to Muktinath has been used by the locals for hundreds of years to transport huge herds of sheep and yak in and out of Manang. It is an important route for the people of the region.

The northern parts of Manang Valley are dry, brown and desolate places, very different from the thick forests and brown green valleys of Sikkim and Eastern Nepal.

Thorangla pass with an elevation of 5,416 metres above sea level

Geography and climate[edit]

Marsyangdi valley with Annapurna II
Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range % of Area
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
Nival above 5,000 meters 25.4%


3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.


Historical population
Census yearPop.±% p.a.
1981 7,021—    
1991 5,363−2.66%
2001 9,587+5.98%
2011 6,538−3.76%
2021 5,645−1.46%
Source: Citypopulation[5]

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Manang District had a population of 6,538.

As their first language, 62.3% spoke Gurung, 16.2% Nepali, 8.1% Tamang, 7.4% Sherpa, 1.2% Magar, 0.9% Newari, 0.9% Thakali, 0.4% Kham, 0.3% Sign language, 0.2% Bhojpuri, 0.2% Bote, 0.2% Rai and 1.6% other languages.[6]

Ethnicity/caste: 57.1% were Gurung, 12.6% Tamang, 7.1% Ghale, 6.9% Bhote, 3.8% Kami, 2.5% Hill Brahmin, 2.3% Magar, 1.5% Chhetri, 1.5% Newar, 0.9% Damai/Dholi, 0.9% Thakali, 0.5% Rai, 0.3% Sherpa, 0.2% Bote, 0.2% Sarki and 1.6% others.[7]

Religion: 55.2% were Buddhist, 39.2% Hindu, 1.4% Christian, 0.5% Bon, 0.2% Prakriti, 0.1% Muslim and 3.4% others.[8]

Literacy: 72.0% could read and write, 0.7% could only read and 27.3% could neither read nor write.[9]


The district consists of four rural municipalities:[10]

Former municipalities and village development committees[edit]

Prior to the restructuring of the district, Manang District consisted of the following municipalities and village development committees:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  3. ^ Shrestha, Mani R.; Rokaya, Maan B.; Ghimire, Suresh K. (2005). "Vegetation pattern of Trans-Himalayan zone in the North-West Nepal". Nepal Journal of Plant Sciences. 1: 129–135. Retrieved Feb 7, 2014.
  4. ^ Banerji, Gargi; Basu, Sejuti. "Climate Change and Himalayan Cold Deserts: Mapping vulnerability and threat to ecology and indigenous livelihoods" (PDF). Pragya. Gurgaon, Haryana, India. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  5. ^ "NEPAL: Administrative Division". www.citypopulation.de.
  6. ^ NepalMap Language [1]
  7. ^ NepalMap Caste [2]
  8. ^ NepalMap Religion [3]
  9. ^ NepalMap Literacy [4]
  10. ^ "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.

External links[edit]

28°33′7″N 84°14′27″E / 28.55194°N 84.24083°E / 28.55194; 84.24083