Antiochus XI Epiphanes

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Antiochus XI Epiphanes
Antiochus 11.png
King of the Seleucid Empire (King of Syria)
Reign 95–92 BC (with Antiochus X Eusebes, Demetrius III Eucaerus, and Philip I Philadelphus)
Predecessor Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Successor Philip I Philadelphus or Demetrius III Eucaerus
Born Unknown
Died 92 BC
Dynasty Seleucid
Father Antiochus VIII Grypus
Mother Tryphaena

Antiochus XI Epiphanes or Philadelphus, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was a son of Antiochus VIII Grypus and his wife Tryphaena. Antiochus XI was a brother of Seleucus VI Epiphanes and a minor participant in the civil wars which clouded the last years of the once glorious Seleucids, now reduced to local dynasties in Syria. Following the defeat of his brother in 95 BC by Antiochus X Eusebes, Antiochus XI and yet another brother, Philip I Philadelphus, opted for revenge and besieged Antiochia. In 92 BC, after the campaign had ended in defeat, Antiochus was forced to flee but drowned in the river Orontes while trying to cross it on horseback.

See also[edit]


  • Antiochus XI entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
Antiochus XI Epiphanes
Born: Unknown Died: 92 BC
Preceded by
Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Seleucid King (King of Syria)
95–92 BC
with Antiochus X Eusebes (95–92 BC)
Demetrius III Eucaerus (95 BC)
Philip I Philadelphus (95–92 BC)
Succeeded by
Philip I Philadelphus