Prusias II of Bithynia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prusias II "The Hunter"
King of Bithynia
Reign 182 – 149 BC
Predecessor Prusias I
Successor Nicomedes II
Born c. 220 BC
Bithynia
Died 149 BC (aged 71)
Nicomedia
Consort Apame IV
Issue
Greek Προυσίας
Father Prusias I
Mother Apama III
Religion Greek Polytheism
Prusias II, King of Bithynia, Reduced to Begging

Prusias II Cynegus (Greek: Προυσίας ὁ Κυνηγός; "the Hunter", c. 220 BC – 149 BC, reigned c. 182 BC – 149 BC) was the Greek king of Bithynia. He was the son and successor of Prusias I and Apama III.

Life[edit]

Prusias was born to Prusias I and Apama III in 220 BC. His father died in 189 BC,[1] at which point he became the king of Bithynia. Prusias II joined with the king of Pergamon, Eumenes II in a war against King Pharnaces I of Pontus (181–179 BC).[2] He later invaded the territories of Pergamon (156–154 BC), only to be defeated, with Pergamon insisting on heavy reparations, including 500 talents and "twenty decked ships".[3]

Prusias II married his maternal cousin Apame IV, a sister of Perseus of Macedon and a princess from the Antigonid dynasty,[4] by whom he had a son, Nicomedes II, and a daughter, Apama, who would marry Dyegilos,[5] son of Cotys IV, King of Thrace, and his wife, Semestra.

Prusias II was praised by the Aetolians on account of his behavior and benefactions towards them.[6]

Towards the end of his life, Prusias II had children by a later wife, and wanted to make them his heirs in place of Nicomedes.[7] He sent Nicomedes to Rome to ask its help in reducing the amount of these reparations, and directed the co-ambassador, Menas, to kill Nicomedes if the mission was unsuccessful.[8] Despite the failure of the mission, Nicomedes persuaded Menas to betray Prusias, and Nicomedes declared himself king.[9] Prusias had to renounce the kingship in favour of his son and was himself murdered in 149 BC.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Memnon. History of Heraclea Pontica. 
  2. ^ Oxford Reference. 
  3. ^ Appian. The Mithridatic Wars. The ambassadors decided that as a penalty he must transfer to Attalus twenty decked ships at once, and pay him 500 talents of silver within a certain time. 
  4. ^ Appian. The Mithridatic Wars. to whom Perseus, king of Macedonia, gave his sister in marriage 
  5. ^ Appian. The Mithridatic Wars. his son-in-law, Diegylis the Thracian 
  6. ^ Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 632 Pontica. The league of Aetolians honours king Prousias son of king Prousias on account of his virtue and his benefactions towards them. 
  7. ^ Appian. The Mithridatic Wars. 
  8. ^ Appian. The Mithridatic Wars. He sent Menas as his fellow ambassador, and told him if he should secure a remission of the payments to spare Nicomedes, but if not, to kill him at Rome. 
  9. ^ Appian. The Mithridatic Wars. 
  10. ^ Appian. The Mithridatic Wars. Prusias fled to the temple of Zeus, where he was stabbed by some of the emissaries of Nicomedes. 
Preceded by
Prusias I
King of Bithynia
182 BC – 149 BC
Succeeded by
Nicomedes II