Demetrius III Eucaerus

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"Eucaerus" redirects here. For the genus of beelte, see Eucaerus (genus).
Demetrius III Eucaerus
King of the Seleucid Empire (King of Syria)
Reign 95 BC (with Antiochus X Eusebes, Antiochus XI Epiphanes, and Philip I Philadelphus)
Predecessor Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Successor Philip I Philadelphus or Antiochus XII Dionysus
Born Unknown
Died 88 BC
Dynasty Seleucid
Father Antiochus VIII Grypus
Mother Tryphaena

Demetrius III (died 88 BC), called Eucaerus ("well-timed" possibly a misunderstanding of the derogative name Akairos, "the untimely one"), Philopator and Soter, was a ruler of the Seleucid kingdom, the son of Antiochus VIII Grypus and his wife Tryphaena.


Coin of Demetrius III.
Obv: Diademed head of Demetrius III.
Rev: Figure of Atargatis, veiled, holding flower, barley stalks at each shoulder. Greek legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ ΘΕΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ "King Demetrius, God, Father-loving and Saviour".

By the assistance of Ptolemy IX Lathyros, king of Egypt, he recovered part of his father's Syrian dominions ca. 95 BC, and held his court at Damascus,[1] from where he tried to enlarge his dominions. To the south he defeated the Maccabean king Alexander Jannaeus in battle, following an assistance request of Jewish rebels, but the hostility of the local Jewish population forced him to withdraw. While attempting to dethrone his brother, Philip I Philadelphus, he was defeated by the Arabs and the Parthian Empire, and taken prisoner. He was kept in confinement in Parthia by Mithridates II until his death in 88.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Demetrius s.v. Demetrius III". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 983. 

External links[edit]

Demetrius III Eucaerus
Born: Unknown Died: 88 BC
Preceded by
Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Seleucid King (King of Syria)
95 BC
with Antiochus X Eusebes (95 BC)
Antiochus XI Epiphanes (95 BC)
Philip I Philadelphus (95 BC)
Succeeded by
Philip I Philadelphus or Antiochus XII Dionysus