Ardabil province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ardabil Province)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ardabil Province
استان اردبیل
Location of Ardabīl within Iran
Location of Ardabīl within Iran
Map of Iran with Ardabīl highlighted
Coordinates: 38°15′05″N 48°17′50″E / 38.2514°N 48.2973°E / 38.2514; 48.2973Coordinates: 38°15′05″N 48°17′50″E / 38.2514°N 48.2973°E / 38.2514; 48.2973
RegionRegion 3
 • Governor-generalHamed Ameli
 • MPs of ParliamentArdabil Province parliamentary districts
 • MPs of Assembly of ExpertsAmeli & Mousavi
 • Representative of the Supreme LeaderHassan Ameli
 • Total17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi)
 • Total1,270,420
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+03:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+04:30 (IRST)
Main language(s)Persian (official)
local languages:
Azerbaijani (Majority)
HDI (2017)0.756[2]
high · 28th
Ardabil Province Historical Population

Religion in Ardabil Province (2016)

  Muslim (99.699%)
  Christian (0.015%)
  Zoroastrian (0.115%)
  Jewish (0.002%)
  Other (0.004%)
  Not Stated (0.166%)

Demographic Breakdown of Ardabil Province by Sex

  Male (51.2%)
  Female (48.8%)

Ardabil Province (Persian: استان اردبیل; Azerbaijani: اردبیل اوستانی) is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran. It is in the northwest of the country, in Region 3, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan, the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan.[3] Its administrative centre is the city of Ardabil. The province was established in 1993 from the eastern part of East Azerbaijan.

Climate and geography[edit]

Alvars, Ardabil

Many tourists come to the region for its cool climate (max 35 °C (95° F)) during the hot summer months. The winters are bitterly cold, with temperatures plummeting to −25 °C (-13° F).

Its famous natural region is the Sabalan mountains.[clarification needed] The province is considered the coldest province in Iran by many. Large parts of the province are green and forested.

Athletes such as Ali Daei and Hossein Rezazade are originally from Ardabil.

Famous composer, Naaser Cheshm Aazar, is another famous contemporary figure from artists who born in Ardabil.

Ardabil's capital stands about 70 km from the Caspian Sea and has an area of 18,011 km². Neighboring the Caspian Sea and the Republic of Azerbaijan, the city is of political and economic significance.[citation needed]


Sheikh Safi's Tomb

The natural features of the province of Ardabil are mentioned in the Avesta, according to which Zoroaster was born by the river Aras and wrote his book in the Sabalan Mountains. During the Islamic conquest of Iran, Ardabil was the largest city in Azarbaijan, and remained so until the Mongol invasion period.

Shah Ismail I started his campaign to nationalize Iran's government and land from here, but consequently announced Tabriz as his capital in 1500 CE. Yet Ardabil remained an important city both politically and economically until modern times.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province is divided into 12 counties: Ardabil, Bilasavar, Germi, Khalkhal, Kowsar, Meshginshahr, Namin, Sarein, Nir, Parsabad, Aslan duz, and Ungut. District of Arasbaran was transferred to the province of Ardabil from East Azerbaijan in 2010 and now appears on the more recent maps of Ardabil Province produced by the Iranian official organs.


Ardabil Museum

Ardabil is the seat of the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty Kulliye. It has many hot springs and natural landscapes which attract tourists.[citation needed] The mineral springs of Ardabil are Beele-Darreh, Sareyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo, which are known throughout Iran for their medicinal qualities. It also has a number of lakes: the largest of which are Ne'or, Shoorabil, ShoorGel, NouShahr and Alooche, which are the habitats of some species of water birds.

Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area 48 km south-east of the city of Ardabil. It covers an area of 2.1 km² and has an average depth of 3 metres. It is fed by springs in the lake bed. Lake Shoorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m². The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals, which is useful for healing skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the leisure complex of Shoorabil. Ardabil is a city of great antiquity. Its origins go back 4000 to 6000 years (according to historical research in this city). This city was the capital of Azerbaijan province in different times, but its golden age was in the Safavid period.

One of the most ancient cities in Iran is Meshkin Shahr. It is located in the north-west of Iran in Azerbaijan, 839 kilometers from Tehran. It is the closest city to the Sabalan mountains. In the past, it was called "Khiav", "Orami", and "Varavi".

The most important places to visit in the district of Meshkin Shahr are the following : – The hot water springs of Moiel, Eelando and Qaynarja, located in the suburb of the city. – Qara Soo River Sides. – The spring of Qotur Suie, located 42 kilometers from Meshkin Shahr. – The old Castle of Meshkin Shahr. – Qahqaheh castle, located 80 kilometers from Meshkin Shahr. – Deev castle, located in Kavij. – The petrograph of Shapour Sasani in Meshkin Shahr. – The old cemetery in Oonar. – The tomb of Sheykh Haydar in Meshkin Shahr. – Imamzadeh Seyyed Soleyman.

The other significant historical monuments are as follows: the mausoleum of Sheikh Jebra'il, located 2 km north of Ardabil, the old but always lively bazaar, the babadavood anbaran, the Friday mosque, and a few ancient bridges. In addition to these, in many villages of Ardabil, including Sadeqlu, relics of ancient monuments, including tombs, have been found.

Colleges and universities[edit]

  1. Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
  2. Mohaghegh Ardabili University
  3. Islamic Azad University of Ardabil
  4. Payam Noor University of Ardabil
  5. Soureh University of Ardabil
  6. Islamic Azad University of Khalkhal


The primary language of Ardabil province is Azerbaijani, a Turkic language.[4][5][6] Other languages in Ardabil include Tati and Talysh.[7]


  1. ^ Selected Findings of National Population and Housing Census 2011 Archived 2013-05-31 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "همشهری آنلاین-استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند (Provinces were divided into 5 regions)". Hamshahri Online (in Persian). 22 June 2014 [1 Tir 1393, Jalaali]. Archived from the original on 23 June 2014.
  4. ^ Iran A Country Study, Author Federal Research Division, Edition reprint, Publisher Kessinger Publishing, 2004, ISBN 1-4191-2670-9, ISBN 978-1-4191-2670-3, Length 340 pages
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z Volume 4 of Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World, James Minahan, ISBN 0-313-31617-1, ISBN 978-0-313-31617-3, Author James Minahan, Publisher Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 0-313-32384-4, ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3, Length 2241 pages
  6. ^ "CIAO".
  7. ^ "Talysh".

External links[edit]