|• Governor-general||Hamed Ameli|
|• MPs of Assembly of Experts||Hassan Ameli and Fakhreddin Mousavi|
|• Representative of the Supreme Leader||Hassan Ameli|
|• Total||17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi)|
|• Density||71/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+03:30 (IRST)|
|Main language(s)||Persian (official)|
high · 28th
Ardabil province (Persian: استان اردبیل; Azerbaijani: اردبیل اوستانی) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the northwest of the country, in Region 3, bordering the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan, and Gilan. Its administrative centre is the city of Ardabil. The province was established in 1993 from the eastern part of East Azerbaijan.
At the time of the 2006 National Census, the province had a population of 1,209,968 in 281,433 households. The following census in 2011 counted 1,248,488 people in 337,943 households. According to the National Census of 2016, the population of Ardabil province was 1,270,420 in 377,423 households.
|Aslan Duz County1||—||—||—|
|Bileh Savar County||54,471||53,768||51,404|
|Meshgin Shahr County||156,141||151,156||149,941|
|1Separated from Parsabad County in 2017.|
2Separated from Ardabil County
3Separated from Germi County in 2020
According to the 2016 census, 866,034 people (over 68% of the population of Ardabil province) live in the following cities: Abi Beyglu 6,516, Anbaran 5,757, Ardabil 529,374, Aslan Duz 6,348, Bileh Savar 16,188, Eslamabad 3,068, Fakhrabad 999, Germi 28,967, Hashatjin 5,725, Hir 2,080, Jafarabad 7,226, Khalkhal 39,304, Kivi 7,101, Kolowr 2,347, Kuraim 831, Lahrud 2,149, Meshginshahr 74,109, Moradlu 671, Namin 13,659, Nir 5,873, Parsabad 93,387, Qosabeh 2,095, Razey 1,581, Sareyn 5,459, Tazeh Kand-e Angut 2,645, and Tazeh Kand-e Qadim 2,575.
Many tourists come to the region for its cool climate (max 35 °C (95°F)) during the hot summer months. The winters are bitterly cold, with temperatures plummeting to −25 °C (-13°F).
Ardabil's capital stands about 70 km from the Caspian Sea and has an area of 18,011 km2. Neighboring the Caspian Sea and the Republic of Azerbaijan, the city is of political and economic significance.
The natural features of the province of Ardabil are mentioned in the Avesta, according to which Zoroaster was born by the river Aras and wrote his book in the Sabalan Mountains. During the Islamic conquest of Iran, Ardabil was the largest city in Azarbaijan, and remained so until the Mongol invasion period.
Shah Ismail I started his campaign to nationalize Iran's government and land from here, but consequently announced Tabriz as his capital in 1500 CE. Yet Ardabil remained an important city both politically and economically until modern times.
Ardabil is the seat of the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponym of the Safavid dynasty Kulliye. It has many hot springs and natural landscapes which attract tourists. The mineral springs of Ardabil are Beele-Darreh, Sareyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo, which are known throughout Iran for their medicinal qualities. It also has a number of lakes: the largest of which are Ne'or, Shoorabil, ShoorGel, NouShahr and Alooche, which are the habitats of some species of water birds.
Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area 48 km south-east of the city of Ardabil. It covers an area of 2.1 km2 and has an average depth of 3 metres. It is fed by springs in the lake bed. Lake Shoorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m2. The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals, which is useful for healing skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the leisure complex of Shoorabil. Ardabil is a city of great antiquity. Its origins go back 4000 to 6000 years (according to historical research in this city). This city was the capital of Azerbaijan province in different times, but its golden age was in the Safavid period.
One of the most ancient cities in Iran is Meshkin Shahr. It is located in the north-west of Iran in Azerbaijan, 839 kilometers from Tehran. It is the closest city to the Sabalan mountains. In the past, it was called "Khiav", "Orami", and "Varavi".
Colleges and universities
- Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
- Mohaghegh Ardabili University
- Islamic Azad University of Ardabil
- Payam Noor University of Ardabil
- Soureh University of Ardabil
- Islamic Azad University of Khalkhal
The primary language of Ardabil province is Azerbaijani, a Turkic language. Other languages in Ardabil include Tati and Talysh. In and around Khalkhal, there is a significant group of Kurmanji-speaking Kurds known as Gormanj. 
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