Tati language (Iran)

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This article is about a group of northwestern Iranian languages spoken in Iran. For the southwestern Iranian language spoken in the Caucasus, see Tat language (Caucasus).
Tati
تاتی
Native to Iran
Region Northwest of Iran
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 220,000 Takestani)[1]
28,000 Harzani (2000)[2]
Others shifting
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
tks – Takestani/Khalkhal
xkc – Kho'ini
hrz – Harzandi
rdb – Rudbari
esh – Eshtehardi
tov – Taromi
xkp – Kabatei
Glottolog khoi1250  (Kho'ini)[3]
rama1272  (Takestani/Eshtehardi)[4]
taro1267  (Taromi/Kabatei)[5]
rudb1238  (Rudbari)[6]
harz1239  (Harzandi)[7]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.


Tati (Tati: Tâti Zobün, تاتی زبون‎) is a group of northwestern Iranian dialects which are closely related to the Talysh language, spoken by the Tat people of Iran. Tats are a subgroup of Persians and speak a Persian dialect related to middle-Persian Pahlavi. They also claim ancestry from the Sassanid Persians.

Some sources use the term old Azari/Azeri to refer to the Tati language as it was spoken in the region before the spread of Turkic languages (see Ancient Azari language), and is now only spoken by different rural communities in Iranian Azerbaijan (such as villages in Harzanabad area, villages around Khalkhal and Ardabil), and also in Zanjan and Qazvin provinces.[clarification needed][8][9][10][11]

In the field of phonetics Tati is similar to the rest of the north-western Iranian languages: it is distinguished by the persistence of Iranian *z, *s, *y-, * v- against the south-western d, h, j-, b-; development /ʒ/ < * j, */t͡ʃ/ against the south-west z, and the preservation of intervocalic and postvocalic *r and even, for a number of dialects, development rhotacism.

In the field of morphology, Tati is less analytical in structure than the south-western Iranian languages. Having lost the ancient foundations of classes and verb, tati preserved case (two case: direct, or subjective, and oblique). It is a gender-neutral language except in some name and verb formations.

Tati is an ergative language, i.e. "with transitive verbs the subject/agent of the verb is expressed by the direct case in the present tenses, but by the oblique in the past tenses, whereas the direct object/patient in the present tenses is expressed by the oblique, but by the direct in the past".[12]

Dialects[edit]

Dialects are:[citation needed]

  1. Chāli, Tākestāni, Eshtehārdi, Khiāraji, Ebrāhim-ābādi, Sagz-ābādi, Dānesfāni, Esfarvarini, Khoznini
  2. Kho'ini, Balbavini, Sefid-kamari, Halabi, Sa'd-ābādi
  3. Khalkhāli, Tāromi
  4. Harzandi, Dizmāri
  5. Kuhpāya'i, Rudbāri, Alamuti, Taleqāni
  6. Kiliti


Tati Dialects[13][edit]

English Persian Tākestāni Tāti Sagzābādi Tāti Ebrāhimābādi Tāti Ardabilaki Tāti Ziārāni Tāti Tikhuri Tāti
Child بچه
bačče
zārin/bālā
بالا/زارين
zāru
زارو
zāru
زارو
vača
وچه
eyāl
عيال
vača
وچه
Rooftop پشت بام
pošte bām
bon
بُن
bun
بون
bön
بون
bom
بوم
bum
بوم
bum
بوم
Hand دست
dast
bāl
بال
bāl
بال
bāl
بال
bāl
بال
bāl
بال
bāl
بال
Sharp تيز
tiz
tij
تيج
tij
تيج
tij
تيج
tij
تيج
tij
تيج
tij
تيج
Sister خواهر
xāhar
xāke
خاکه
xuača
خواچه
xuāka
خوآکه
xāxor
خاخور
xoār
خُوآر
xoār
خُوآر
Ablution/Wudu وضو
vozu
dasnemāz
دسنماز
dasta māz
دست ماز
dasnemāz
دسنماز
dasnemāz
دسنماز
dastnemāz
دست نِماز
dastnemāz
دست نِماز
Housewife کدبانو
kadbānu
keyvuniye/kalöntare zeyniye
کلُونتَره زينيه/کيوونيه
čeybonua
چي بنوه
keyvānu
کيوانو
keyvānu
کيوانو
kalentar
کلنتر
xojirezen
خوجيره زِن
Lentil عدس
adas
marjömake
مرجومکه
marjeva
مرجوه
marjeva
مرجوه
marju
مرجو
adas
عدس
marju
مرجو
Calm آرام
ārām
dinj
دينج
dinj
دينج
dinj
دينج
dinj
دينج
dinj
دينج
dinj
دينج
Shout فرياد
faryād
harāy
هرای
harāy/qia
قيه/هرای
harāy/qeya
قيه/هرای
harāy/qiyu
قيو/هرای
qālmeqāl/harāy
هرای/قال مِقال
hara
هَرَه


English Persian Middle Persian Avestan Tākestāni Tāti Sagzābādi Tāti Ebrāhimābādi Tāti Ardabilaki Tāti Ziārāni Tāti Tikhuri Tāti
Dog سگ
sag
sege span asbe/māččiye
ماچيه/اَسبه
asba
اَسبه
asba
اَسبه
sag
سگ
sayg/māčča
ماچه/سَيگ
sayg/māčča
ماچه/سَيگ
Bone استخوان
ostoxān
ast/xastak ast esqonj
اسقُنج
xasta
خسته
xasta
خسته
esdeqān
اسدقان
hasta
هَستَه
hasta
هَستَه
Lie دروغ
dorugh
drog/droo droj duru
دورو
deru
درو
doru
دُرو
duru
دورو
duru
دورو
duru
دورو
Needle سوزن
suzan
darzik/darzi dereza darzone
درزُنه
darzena
درزنه
darzena
درزنه
darzan
درزَن
darzen
درزِن
darzen
درزِن
Face چهره
čehre
čihr/čihrak dim
دیم
dim
دیم
dim
دیم
dim
دیم
dim
دیم
dim
دیم
Groom داماد
dāmād
zāmāt zāmātar zomā
زُما
zummā
زوما
zeymā
زیما
zāmā
زاما
zāmā
زاما
zāmā
زاما
House خانه
xāne
katak kata kiye
کیه
čia
چیه
kia
کیه
xāna
خانه
xāna
خانه
xāna
خانه
Man مرد
mard
mart mereta mardak
مردک
miarda
میرده
miarda
میرده
merdi
مِردی
mardek
مَردِک
mardek
مَردِک
Lamb بره
barre
varrak vare
وَره
vara
وره
vara
وره
vara
وره
vara
وره
vara
وره
Bride عروس
arus
vazyok vaze veye
ویه
veya
ویه
veya
ویه
ayris/eris
عریس/عَی ریس
ayris/eris
عریس/عَی ریس
Nose بینی
bini
vinik vaenā vinniye
وینیه
venia
ونیه
venia
ونیه
vini
وینی
vini
وینی
vini
وینی
Wolf گرگ
gorg
gurg vehraka varg
ورگ
varg
ورگ
varg
ورگ
verg
وِرگ
gurg
گورگ
gurg
گورگ

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Takestani at Ethnologue (10th ed., 1984). Note: Data may come from the 9th edition (1978).
  2. ^ Harzani at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kho'ini". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ramand-Karaj". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Taromic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  6. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Rudbari". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  7. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Harzandi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  8. ^ it is also spoken in some villages like Vafs and Chehreghan in the central areas of Iran like Gholamhossein Mosahab's The Persian Encyclopedia
  9. ^ Paul, Ludwig (1998a). The position of Zazaki among West Iranian languages. In Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference of Iranian Studies, 11-15.09.1995, Cambridge, Nicholas Sims-Williams (ed.), 163-176. Wiesbaden: Reichert.
  10. ^ Andrew Dalby, Dictionary of Languages: the definitive reference to more than 400 languages, Columbia University Press, 2004, pg 496.
  11. ^ "Azari, the Old Iranian Language of Azerbaijan," Encyclopaedia Iranica, op. cit., Vol. III/2, 1987 by E. Yarshater. External link: [1]
  12. ^ Iranica entry on Eshtehārdi, one of Tati dialects
  13. ^ http://www.mehremihan.ir/language-and-dialect/2956-tati-ghazvini.html

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]