Syria established diplomatic relations with Armenia soon after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Syrian President Hafez al-Assad maintained good relationships in part because of the large Armenian community in Syria. Syrian Foreign Minister Farouk al-Sharaa visited Armenia in March 1992.
Around 120,000 people of Armenian descent live in Syria. During the Armenian Genocide, the Ottoman Empire used the Syrian desert of Deir ez-Zor as the main killing fields of Armenians. The native Arabs sheltered and supported the Armenians.
- Zisser 1995, p. 733.
- Zisser, Eyal (1995). Ayalon, Ami, ed. Middle East Contemporary Survey. 16. The Moshe Dayan Center. ISBN 9780813321332.
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