Armenians in the Baltic states

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Armenians in the Baltic states
Total population
5,293 (2011)
Regions with significant populations
Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius, other larger cities
Armenian, Russian, Baltic languages
Armenian Apostolic Church
Related ethnic groups
Armenians in Belarus

Armenians in the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania settled there mostly during the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States.

Country 1959 1970 1979 1989 Post-Soviet (Year)
Estonia 648 604 845 1,669
1,042 (2011)
Latvia 1,060 1,511 1,913 3,069
2,742 (2008)
Lithuania 471 508 955 1,655
1,233 (2011)
Baltic states 2,179 2,623 3,713 6,393 5,663 (2000–2008)


According to the year 2000 census, there were 1,444 Armenians living in Estonia.[1] According to the 2011 census, the number of Armenians had decreased slightly to 1,042.[2] In 1989 (according to Soviet 1989 census) the number was 1,669.[3] The majority of Armenians live in Tallinn: 58% in the year 2000.[1]

With the affirmation of Estonia's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Soviet-era immigrants and their Estonian-born children were not granted citizenship automatically.

A football club based in Tallinn, FC Ararat Tallinn, is named after the mountain Ararat and has a partnership with the Armenian club FC Ararat Yerevan.


Armenians in Latvia number around 5,000 according to[4] and 2,742 according to Latvian yearly statistics of 2008.[5] The Armenians live mainly in Riga.

In 1887 had established Latvian Armenian Society. One Armenian was reported in the Jäger Report as murdered by Einsatzgruppe A in Daugavpils in 1941.[6] In 1990, in the center of Riga had been set a khachkar. In 1991, the first issue of the newspaper "Ararat". In 2001, Armenian community of Riga had established. In 2002, the publishing of the newspaper “Ararat” had resumed.


According to the last Lithuanian census of 2011 there were 1,233[7] Armenians in Lithuania. Armenian organizations put the number around 2,500.[4] According to Soviet 1989 census there are 1,655 Armenians in Lithuania.[8] The Armenians live mainly in Vilnius. The settlement of Armenians in Lithuania, in the distant past of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was of an episodic nature and was due mainly to the needs of trade, although from the historical sources it is known, that Armenian school was established in 16th century Vilnius, Armenian guild in the 16th to 18th centuries Vilnius.[9] One of the most prominent painter of the 19th century in Lithuania was Jan Rustem (Armenian: Յան Ռուստամ). The history of most of the Armenian community now living in Lithuania mainly occurs in the 20th century.

Famous Baltic Armenians[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population by ethnic nationality, mother tongue and citizenship". Statistics Estonia. Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2009-10-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "Eestis elab 192 rahvuse esindajaid." Õhtuleht 9-17-2012. (in Estonian)
  3. ^ Демоскоп Weekly - Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года.Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР Archived June 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b ArmenianDiaspora website Archived May 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Population of Latvia by ethnicity and citizenship, 01.07.2008.(in Latvian)
  6. ^ The Jager Report
  7. ^ "2011 Census Results". Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Statistics Lithuania), 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-09-30. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ Демоскоп Weekly - Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года.Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР
  9. ^ [1] History of Armenians in Lithuania (in Lithuanian)

External links[edit]