Astara, Iran

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Astara
آستارا
city
Astara is located in Iran
Astara
Astara
Coordinates: 38°25′45″N 48°52′19″E / 38.42917°N 48.87194°E / 38.42917; 48.87194Coordinates: 38°25′45″N 48°52′19″E / 38.42917°N 48.87194°E / 38.42917; 48.87194
Country  Iran
Province Gilan
County Astara
Bakhsh Central
Government
 • Mayor Oruj-Ali Kuhi
 • Parliament Vali Dadashi
Population (2011)
 • Total

City: 46,805 [1]

County: 86,757 [2][3]
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Astara (pronounced [ɒstaɾɒ]; Persian: آستارا‎‎, also Romanized as Āstārā)[4] is a city in and the capital of Astara County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 86,757 in 25,192 families.[2] It lies on the border with Azerbaijan Republic and on the Caspian Sea. It is a relatively important border trade center between Iran and the Caucasus.

Agriculture[edit]

Rice has been cultivated in this region for many years, where some indigenous cultivars (landrace) were conventionally bred by farmers.[5]

Climate[edit]

Astara has a humid subtropical climate with cold, wet winters and hot, humid summers.

Climate data for Astara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
8.8
(47.8)
11.2
(52.2)
16.6
(61.9)
22.3
(72.1)
27.3
(81.1)
30.5
(86.9)
29.8
(85.6)
25.6
(78.1)
20.3
(68.5)
15.2
(59.4)
11.3
(52.3)
18.98
(66.14)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.1
(35.8)
4.8
(40.6)
9.3
(48.7)
14.0
(57.2)
18.1
(64.6)
20.6
(69.1)
20.5
(68.9)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
8.4
(47.1)
4.3
(39.7)
11.22
(52.18)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 95.6
(3.764)
90.2
(3.551)
108.3
(4.264)
60.7
(2.39)
56.5
(2.224)
45.9
(1.807)
41.2
(1.622)
88.8
(3.496)
230.0
(9.055)
239.0
(9.409)
144.6
(5.693)
91.7
(3.61)
1,292.5
(50.885)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11 10 12 10 9 6 4 7 10 13 11 9 112
Average relative humidity (%) 84 85 86 83 80 74 71 75 82 86 87 85 81.5
Source: Iranian Meteorological Organization [6]

People[edit]

Famous people from Astara[edit]

Transport[edit]

An extension of the Qazvin line over Resht to reach Astara is planned to connect the Iranian railway network to the Azerbaijan broad gauge railway along the shore of the Caspian sea headed north.

Education[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]