Australian federal election, 1993

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Australian federal election, 1993
Australia
← 1990 13 March 1993 (1993-03-13) 1996 →

All 147 seats in the House of Representatives
74 seats were needed for a majority in the House
40 (of the 76) seats in the Senate
  First party Second party
  Paul Keating 2007 2.jpg John Hewson 2016 01.jpg
Leader Paul Keating John Hewson
Party Labor Liberal/National coalition
Leader since 19 December 1991 (1991-12-19) 3 April 1990 (1990-04-03)
Leader's seat Blaxland (NSW) Wentworth (NSW)
Last election 78 seats 69 seats
Seats won 80 seats 65 seats
Seat change Increase2 Decrease4
Popular vote 5,436,421 5,133,033
Percentage 51.44% 48.56%
Swing Increase1.54% Decrease1.54%

Prime Minister before election

Paul Keating
Labor

Subsequent Prime Minister

Paul Keating
Labor

Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 March 1993. All 147 seats in the House of Representatives, and 40 seats in the 76-member Senate, were up for election. The incumbent Australian Labor Party government led by Prime Minister of Australia Paul Keating achieved a record fifth term, defeating the opposition Liberal Party of Australia led by John Hewson with coalition partner the National Party of Australia led by Tim Fischer.

In an election-eve poll in 1993, Newspoll recorded Keating’s net approval rating at minus 25. Yet he prevailed for what he described as a victory for the “true believers”. This was after running the mother of all scare campaigns against John Hewson’s austerity “Fightback!” package.

Results[edit]

House of Representatives results[edit]

Government (80)
     Labor (80)

Opposition (65)
Coalition
     Liberal (49)
     National (16)

Crossbench (2)
     Independent (2)
House of Reps (IRV) – 1993–36 – Turnout 95.75% (CV) — Informal 2.97%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Australian Labor Party 4,751,390 44.92 +5.49 80 +2
  Liberal Party of Australia 3,923,786 37.10 +2.06 49 -6
  National Party of Australia 758,036 7.17 -1.25 16 +2
  Australian Democrats 397,060 3.75 -7.51 0 0
  Australian Greens 196,702 1.86 * 0 0
  Independents 328,084 3.10 +0.56 2 +1
  Other 221,721 2.10 -1.21 0 0
  Total 10,576,779     147 -1
Two-party-preferred vote
  Australian Labor Party WIN 51.44 +1.54 80 +2
  Liberal/National coalition   48.56 -1.54 65 -4

Independents: Ted Mack, Phil Cleary

Popular Vote
Labor
44.92%
Liberal
37.10%
National
7.17%
Democrats
3.75%
Greens
1.86%
Independents
3.10%
Other
2.10%
Two Party Preferred Vote
Labor
51.44%
Coalition
48.56%
Parliament Seats
Labor
54.42%
Coalition
44.22%
Independents
1.36%

Senate results[edit]

Government (30)
     Labor (30)

Opposition (36)
Coalition
     Liberal (29)
     National (6)
     CLP (1)

Crossbench (10)
     Democrats (7)
     Greens (2)
     Independent (1)
Senate (STV GV) — 1993–96 – Turnout 96.22% (CV) — Informal 2.55%
Party Votes % Swing Seats
Won
Seats
Held
Change
  Labor 4,643,871 43.50 +5.09 17 30 –2
  Liberal–National coalition 4,595,148 43.05 +1.13 19 36 +2
  Liberal–National joint ticket 2,605,157 24.40 –0.07 6 N/A N/A
  Liberal 1,664,204 15.59 +1.03 11 29 0
  National 290,382 2.72 +0.12 1 6 +2
  Country Liberal 35,405 0.33 +0.04 1 1 0
  Democrats 566,944 5.31 –7.32 2 7 –1
  Greens[a] 314,845 2.95 +0.85 1 2 +1
  Call to Australia 108,938 1.02 –0.35 0 0 0
  Shooters 63,691 0.60 +0.60 0 0 0
  Confederate Action 59,875 0.56 +0.56 0 0 0
  Against Further Immigration 46,464 0.44 +0.24 0 0 0
  Democratic Labor 38,317 0.36 +0.21 0 0 0
  Natural Law 38,054 0.36 +0.36 0 0 0
  Pensioner and CIR 22,209 0.21 +0.03 0 0 0
  Grey Power 17,595 0.16 –0.11 0 0 0
  Republican 15,187 0.14 +0.14 0 0 0
  Indigenous Peoples 6,422 0.06 +0.06 0 0 0
  Independent EFF 6,031 0.06 –0.58 0 0 0
  Citizens Electoral Council 5,578 0.05 –0.02 0 0 0
  Tasmania 2,815 0.03 +0.03 0 0 0
  Abolish Self-Government 1,708 0.02 +0.02 0 0 0
  Independent 184,804 1.73 +1.43 1 1 0
  Total 10,674,805     40 76

Notes
  1. ^ Several state Green parties had not yet affiliated to the national Australian Greens party (founded in 1992). This total includes 214,117 for the federal Australian Greens, 53,757 votes for the Greens Western Australia, and 46,971 votes for the Green Alliance (in New South Wales).


Seats changing hands[edit]

Seat Pre-1993 Swing Post-1993
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Adelaide, SA   Labor Bob Catley 3.7 3.0 1.3 Trish Worth Liberal  
Bass, Tas   Liberal Warwick Smith 4.3 4.5 0.0 Silvia Smith Labor  
Corinella, Vic   Liberal Russell Broadbent 0.7 4.4 3.7 Alan Griffin Labor  
Cowan, WA   Labor Carolyn Jakobsen 0.9 1.8 0.9 Richard Evans Liberal  
Dunkley, Vic   Liberal Frank Ford 1.2 1.6 0.6 Bob Chynoweth Labor  
Franklin, Tas   Liberal Bruce Goodluck 2.1 9.5 7.4 Harry Quick Labor  
Gilmore, NSW   National John Sharp 4.4 1.1 0.5 Peter Knott Labor  
Grey, SA   Labor Lloyd O'Neil 6.5 4.3 2.1 Barry Wakelin Liberal  
Hindmarsh, SA   Labor John Scott 5.3 2.8 1.6 Christine Gallus Liberal  
Hinkler, Qld   Labor Brian Courtice 4.0 4.2 0.2 Paul Neville National  
Kennedy, Qld   Labor Rob Hulls 1.4 4.8 2.6 Bob Katter National  
Lowe, NSW   Liberal Bob Woods 0.6 4.5 5.0 Mary Easson Labor  
Lyons, Tas   Liberal Max Burr 2.1 5.6 3.8 Dick Adams Labor  
Macquarie, NSW   Liberal Alasdair Webster 3.6 2.2 0.1 Maggie Deahm Labor  
McEwen, Vic   Liberal Fran Bailey 3.2 3.9 0.7 Peter Cleeland Labor  
McMillan, Vic   Liberal John Riggall 4.4 4.8 0.4 Barry Cunningham Labor  
Paterson, NSW   Liberal notional – new seat 0.1 3.4 3.1 Bob Horne Labor  
Stirling, WA   Labor Ron Edwards 0.1 1.7 1.5 Eoin Cameron Liberal  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election

Background[edit]

The Gallagher Index result: 8.46

This was the first election after the full totality of the late 80s/early 90s recession. The opposition Liberal Party was led by John Hewson, a Professor of Economics who succeeded Liberal leader Andrew Peacock in 1990. In November 1991 the opposition launched the 650-page Fightback! policy document − a radical collection of "dry", economic liberal measures including the introduction of a Goods and Services Tax (GST), various changes to Medicare including the abolition of bulk billing for non-concession holders, the introduction of a nine-month limit on unemployment benefits, various changes to industrial relations including the abolition of awards, a $13 billion personal income tax cut directed at middle and upper income earners, $10 billion in government spending cuts, the abolition of state payroll taxes and the privatisation of a large number of government owned enterprises − representing the start of a very different future direction to the keynesian economic conservatism practiced by previous Liberal/National Coalition governments. The 15 percent GST was the centerpiece of the policy document. Through 1992, Labor Prime Minister Paul Keating mounted a campaign against the Fightback package, and particularly against the GST, which he described as an attack on the working class in that it shifted the tax burden from direct taxation of the wealthy to indirect taxation as a broad-based consumption tax. Pressure group activity and public opinion was relentless, which led Hewson to exempt food from the proposed GST − leading to questions surrounding the complexity of what food was and wasn't to be exempt from the GST. Hewson's difficulty in explaining this to the electorate was exemplified in the infamous birthday cake interview, considered by some as a turning point in the election campaign. Keating won a record fifth consecutive Labor term and a record 13 years in government at the 1993 election, a level of political success not previously seen by federal Labor. A number of the proposals were later adopted in to law in some form, to a small extent during the Keating Labor government, and to a larger extent during the Howard Liberal government (most famously the GST), while unemployment benefits and bulk billing were re-targeted for a time by the Abbott Liberal government.

The election-eve Newspoll reported the Liberal/National Coalition on a 50.5 percent two-party-preferred vote.[1]

For the first time since the 1966 election, an incumbent government had increased their two-party preferred vote.

There was an unusual circumstance in the seat of Dickson. One of the candidates, an independent, died very shortly before the election, making it necessary to hold a supplementary election on 17 April. Following the return of the Labor Party to government, Keating announced the makeup of his new ministry to be sworn in on 24 March, but kept the portfolio of Attorney-General open for Michael Lavarch subject to him winning Dickson on 17 April. He won the seat, and was appointed to the ministry on 27 April.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Newspoll archive since 1987". Polling.newspoll.com.au.tmp.anchor.net.au. Retrieved 2016-07-30. 

References[edit]