Berd

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Coordinates: 40°52′51″N 45°23′30″E / 40.88083°N 45.39167°E / 40.88083; 45.39167

Berd
Բերդ
General view of Berd
General view of Berd
Berd  Բերդ is located in Armenia
Berd  Բերդ
Berd
Բերդ
Coordinates: 40°52′51″N 45°23′30″E / 40.88083°N 45.39167°E / 40.88083; 45.39167
Country  Armenia
Marz Tavush Province
Founded 10th century
Area
 • Total 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 7,957
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+4)
Sources: Population[1]

Berd (Armenian: Բերդ), is a town and urban municipal community in the Tavush Province of Armenia. Formerly known as Berdagyugh, Gamma, Tavuzghala, Tauzkend, Tovuz, Volorut, Shlorut and Ghalakyand, it is located to the left of the Tavush river, 211 kilometres (131 miles) from Yerevan, surrounded with low mountains.

Located near the city are the ruins of the Tavush fortress (10th century), the Nor Varagavank and Khoranashat monasteries (12th century). Other monasteries not far include Shkhmuradi, Srveghi and Kaptavank.

Etymology[edit]

Berd literally means "fortress" in Armenian.

History[edit]

Historically, the area of modern-day Berd was part of the Tuchkatak canton of Utik; the 12th province of Greater Armenia.

Geography[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, the population of the town is 7,957.

The population are mainly Armenians. However the town is home to around 200 Udis who also belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church.

Culture[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Economy[edit]

Berd and the surrounding areas are a major centre for agricultural products in Armenia. Fruits, tobacco and other types are produced in the surrounding farms. Other notable industries of Berd include wine-making, bee-keeping and granary.

Education[edit]

Sport[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]