Location of Kotayk within Armenia
|• Governor||Kovalenko Shahgeldyan|
|• Total||2,086 km2 (805 sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AM.KT|
Kotayk (Armenian: Կոտայք, Armenian pronunciation: [kɔˈtɑjkʰ]), is a province (marz) of Armenia. It is located at the central part of the country. Its capital is Hrazdan and the largest city is Abovyan. It is named after the Kotayk canton of the historic Ayrarat province of Ancient Armenia.
Kotayk is bordered by Lori Province from the north, Tavush Province from the northeast, Gegharkunik Province from the east, Aragatsotn Province from the west, and Ararat Province and the capital Yerevan from the south. Kotayk is the only province in Armenia that has no borders with foreign countries.
The province is home to many ancient landmarks and tourist attractions in Armenia including the 1st-century Temple of Garni, the medieval Bjni Fortress, 11th-century Kecharis Monastery and the 13th-century monastery of Geghard. Kotayk is also home to the popular winter sports resort and the spa-town of Tsaghkadzor and the mountain resort of Agveran.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Economy
- 5 Education
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Sport
- 8 Attractions
- 9 Communities
- 10 Gallery
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Kotayk was first mentioned as an Armenian region by Ptolemy as Kotakene. According to Movses Khorenatsi, the name Kotayk is derived from an ancient nearby settlement called Kutis.
Situated at the central part of modern-day Armenia, Kotayk covers an area of 2,089 km² (7% of total area of Armenia). It is bordered by Gegharkunik Province from the east, Tavush Province from the northeast, Lori Province from the north, Aragatsotn Province from the west, Ararat Province from the south and the capital Yerevan from the southwest.
Historically, the current territory of the province mainly occupies parts of the Aragatsotn, Kotayk and Varazhnunik cantons of Ayrarat province of Ancient Armenia.
Kotayk occupies the northeastern part of the Ararat plain. The Kotayk plain located between Hrazdan and Azat rivers has a height of 1200-1500 meters above see level. It is dominated by the Gegham mountains from the northeast including the mountains of Azhdahak, Hatis and Gutanasar. The province approximates the Pambak mountains at the north, while the Tsaghkunyats mountains lie at the west, and the Voghjaberd mountains at the southwest of Kotayk.
The climate of the province is quite diversified. It ranges between arid and semi-arid climate at the south, and snowy climate a the centre and the north. Annual precipitation levels are less than 200 mm at the dry areas, while it ranges between 400 and 900 mm at the heights in the centre and the north of the province.
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Kotayk is a major centre for agricultural products and cattle-breeding in Armenia, forming 6% of the total annual agricultural products of Armenia. Around 74% (1,546.4 km²) of the total area of the province are arable lands, out of which 24.4% (378 km²) are ploughed. A total of 36,125 farms in Kotayk are operated by the private sector or through cooperatives.
The agricultural products of the province are divided as follows: 40% provided by cattle-breeding 40%, 14% by tobacco processing, 10% by fruits, 8% by vegetables, 28% by other products including grains and dry grains. The orchards mainly produce grapes, apricot, peach and apple.
Around 40% of the farmlands are irrigated, mainly through the Kanaker Hydroelectric Power Station canal and the Kotayk canal of Sevan-Hrazdan cascade.
Kotayk was a major industrial centre during the Soviet period. The towns of Byureghavan, Charentsavan, Nor Hachen, Hrazdan and Abovyan were founded by the USSR government between the 1940s and the 1960s to promote the industrial capacity of the Armenian SSR. However very few industrial plants survived after the independence of Armenia. Currently, the province has a contribution of 13.4% of the total industrial sector in Armenia.
- Hrazdan is the most industrialized town of Kotayk. The Hrazdan hydro power plant, the Hrazdan thermal power plant, and the "Mika Cement" factory are among the largest plants in Armenia. The town has also minor enterprises for carpet manufacturing, electrical equipments production, building materials and dairy products.
- Yeghvard is another major industrial centre in the Kotayk. It has a building materials factory, a yeast plant and a shoe factory. It is also home to the "Shanazaryan" wine and brandy manufacturing company.
- Byureghavan's largest firms are the glass manufacturing factory, the stone-processing enterprise, the reinforced concrete columns manufacturing company, the stone crushing factory, the Arzni mineral water factory, and the "Byuregh Alco" factory for wine, brandy and vodka.
- Charentsavan has the Bjni mineral water factory, while Nor Hachen is home to the "Shoghakn" diamond-processing plant which is the only diamond cutting plant in Armenia.
- Abovyan is home to the famous Kotayk Brewery factory, the Abovyan cannery and soft drinks plant and the "Tamara" factory for dairy products.
Being located at the eastern suburbs of Yerevan, the village of Jrvezh is home to a large number of industrial firms including: a factory for plastic products, the Garni mineral water factory, and a wine factory.
Other major industrial firms located in the villages of the province include the "Glanzh Alco" company for wine, brandy and vodka production in Aramus, the Proshyan factory for wine, vodka, brandy and liqueurs, the "Ptghni Gold" wine factory in Ptghni, the "Bacon" company for meet products in Arzni, and a mechanical enterprise for electrical machines in Balahovit.
The monastery of Geghard located at the south of province is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, designated as the Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley. The pagan Temple of Garni and the medieval Kecharis Monastery are also among the attractive monuments of the province.
The province has 3 nature protected areas: the Erenbuni State Reserve, the Arzakan-Meghradzor Sanctuary and the Banks' Pine Grove Sanctuary.
Hrazdan is home to the Humanitarian University of Hrazdan. Owned by the private sector, the university has 3 faculties: law, pedagogy and economics.
2 of the major science institutions of Amrneia are located in Abovyan: the Republican Hospital of tuberculosis and the Institute of Biological Microbes of the Armenian National Academy of Sciences.
According to the 2011 official census, Kotayk has a population of 254,397 (123,524 men and 130,873 women), forming around 8.4% of the entire population of Armenia. The urban population is 137,481 (54%) and the rural is 116,916 (46%). The province has 7 urban and 60 rural communities. The largest urban community is the town of Abovyan, with a population of 43,495. The other urban centres are Hrazdan, Charentsavan, Yeghvard, Byureghavan, Nor Hachen, and Tsaghkadzor.
With a population of 7,198, the village of Jrvezh is the largest rural municipality of Kotayk.
Minor communities of Russian Molokans, Yazidis, Assyrians and Greeks are also found in the town of Byureghavan.
FC Kotayk founded in 1955, is one of the oldest football clubs in Armenia. Like many other football teams in the country, the club was forced to default from the Armenian football league and consequently from professional football since 2005, due to financial crisis. The short-lived King Delux FC of Abovyan played a single season in the Armenian First League of 2012-13. Other defunct football teams of Kotayk include FC Moush Charentsavan, Hachen FC, FC Shinarar Hrazdan, FC Yeghvard, FC Dinamo Yeghvard and FC Moush Kasagh.
Abovyan City Stadium is the largest sport venue of the province. Minor stadiums are also located in Yeghvard, Hrazdan, Nor Hachen, Byureghavan, Charentsavan and Kasagh.
The town of Tsaghkadzor is major centre of sport. It has a large sports complex as well as a ski resort.
Fortresses and archaeological sites
Churches and monasteries
- Geghard monastery, founded in the 4th century,
- Surp Kiraki church in Arzni of the 6th century,
- Ptghnavank monastery, 6th to 7th centuries,
- Teghenyats Monastery, 6th to 7th centuries,
- Artavaz Monastery of the 7th century,
- Gharghavank monastery of the 7th century,
- Dzagavank Monastery of the 7th century,
- Mayravank Monastery of the 7th century,
- Neghuts Monastery of the 10th century,
- Makravank Monastery, 10th to 13th centuries,
- Holy Mother of God church in Bjni of 1031
- Kecharis Monastery, 11th to 13th centuries,
- Havuts Tar monastery, 11th to 13th centuries,
- Mashtots Hayrapet Church of Garni of the 12th century,
- Tejharuyk Monastery of the Georgian Orthodox Church, opened in 1199,
- Yeghvard Church of 1301,
- Kaptavank Church of 1349,
- Holy Mother of God church in Arinj of the 15th century,
- Surp Hovhannes church of Abovyan opened in 2013.
- Erenbuni State Reserve,
- Arzakan-Meghradzor Sanctuary,
- Banks' Pine Grove Sanctuary,
- Hankavan Hydrological Sanctuary,
- Hankavan mountain resort,
- Agveran mountain resort,
- Tsaghkadzor spa town,
- Tsaghkadzor ski resort
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The province of Kotayk consists of the following 67 communities (hamaynkner), of which 7 are considered urban and 60 are considered rural.
Towns or urban communities
|Image||City (town)||Province||Founded||Land area (km2)||Population (2011 census)|
|Tsaghkadzor||Kotayk||574 (first mentioned)||4||1,256|
|Yeghvard||Kotayk||6th century (first mentioned)||7||11,672|
Villages or rural communities
- Report of the results of the 2001 Armenian Census, National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia