Bhil Meena

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The Bhil Meena (also spelled Bhil Mina) are a tribal group found in the state of Rajasthan, India. In ancient times, Rajasthan was ruled by a dynasty of Meenas which had the emblem of a fish like the Pandyan kingdom of the south.[1][2] The name Mina is derived from Meen [1][3][4] and the Minas claim descent from the Matsya avatar[5] of God.[6][7][8][9][10] The Matsya avatar takes place to save the pious and the first man, Manu. According to some traditions, the Bhil Meenas are said to be descended from those Meenas and Rajputs who, in the wars between their own tribes or with Muslims, were compelled to quit their native home and seek refuge in the vastness of Rajputana, where they formed alliances with the aboriginal families and established tribe. Mainly they are mixed tribe of tribal Meenas and Bhils.[11]

Social status[edit]

As of 2001, the Bhil Meenas were classified as a Scheduled Tribe under the Indian government's reservation program of positive discrimination.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Rizvi, S. H. M. (1987). Mina, The Ruling Tribe of Rajasthan (Socio-biological Appraisal). Delhi: B.R. Pub. Corp. ISBN 81-7018-447-9. 
  2. ^ Ramananda Chatterjee (1948). The Modern review 84. Prabasi Press Private, Ltd. 
  3. ^ Mann, Rann Singh (1993). Culture and Integration of Indian Tribes. New Delhi: M.D. Publications. ISBN 81-85880-03-4. 
  4. ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh (1998). People of India. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 81-7154-769-9. 
  5. ^ "Matsya Purana". Bharatadesam. 
  6. ^ Kanakasabhai, V. (1989). The Tamils Eighteen Hundred Years Ago. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 81-206-0150-5. 
  7. ^ Mukerji, Mohan (1982). Non-story of a Chief Secretary During Emergency, Et Cetera. Associated Pub. House. 
  8. ^ "The Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society". 20-21 (60–62). 1971. pp. 1908–1909. 
  9. ^ Sharma, Mathura Lal (1971). "Rajasthan". Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India. p. 191. 
  10. ^ Kapur, Nandini Sinha (May 2008). "Reconstructing Identities and Situating Themselves in History : A Note on the Meenas of Jaipur Region". d'échange bilatéral franco-indien durant le mois de mai 2008. 
  11. ^ B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas (ed.). People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part One. Popular Prakashan. pp. 170–173. 
  12. ^ "List of Scheduled Tribes". Census of India: Government of India. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 

External links[edit]