From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
An elderly Rabari woman from Nadapa, Gujarat
Rabari, a caste of Camel Herders- Tashrih al-aqvam (1825)

The Rabari people (also known as Rabari, Raika, and Dewasi people) are an ethnic group from the Kutch region of Gujarat.[1]

Origin Myth[edit]

The Rabari myth of origin is kshatriya that Shiva put them on earth to tend to the camels owned by Parvati.[2]

Rabaris claim to be originally from Balochistan, where there still is a temple of the Charani Goddess Hinglaj who they worship. According to Sigrid Westphal-Helbusch, the significant migrations of Rabaris took place between 12th to 14th century, when they moved from Marwar to Sindh and Kutch. The migrations of Rabaris in fact follow similar paths as that of Rajputs and Charans, two other migrant group in this region, indicating intertwined histories. Westphal-Helbusch ascribes the goddess worship traditions of Rabaris to the Charan influence.[3]


The Rabari comprise five related groups, the Debar, Gardo, Kantho, Katchi, and Ragad.


  1. ^ Köhler-Rollefson, Ilse (1992). "The Raika Deomedary Breeders of Rajasthan: A Pastoral System in Crisis" (PDF). Nomadic Peoples. 30: 74–83.
  2. ^ Street (2002), p. 29
  3. ^ Kothiyal, Tanuja (2016-03-14). Nomadic Narratives: A History of Mobility and Identity in the Great Indian Desert. Cambridge University Press. p. 126. ISBN 978-1-107-08031-7.


Further reading[edit]