This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (February 2018)
|Birth name||James Robert Wills|
|Also known as||"King of Western Swing"|
|Born||March 6, 1905|
Kosse, Texas, U.S.
|Died||May 13, 1975 (aged 70)|
Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.
|Labels||Vocalion, OKeh, Columbia, MGM, Liberty|
|Associated acts||The Strangers, Light Crust Doughboys, Texas Playboys|
James Robert Wills (March 6, 1905 – May 13, 1975) was an American Western swing musician, songwriter, and bandleader. Considered by music authorities as the co-founder of Western swing, he was known widely as the King of Western Swing (although Spade Cooley self-promoted the moniker "King of Western Swing" from 1942 to 1969).
Wills formed several bands and played radio stations around the South and West until he formed the Texas Playboys in 1934 with Wills on fiddle, Tommy Duncan on piano and vocals, rhythm guitarist June Whalin, tenor banjoist Johnnie Lee Wills, and Kermit Whalin, who played steel guitar and bass. The band played regularly on Tulsa, Oklahoma radio station KVOO and added Leon McAuliffe on steel guitar, pianist Al Stricklin, drummer Smokey Dacus, and a horn section that expanded the band's sound. Wills favored jazz-like arrangements and the band found national popularity into the 1940s with such hits as "Steel Guitar Rag", "New San Antonio Rose", "Smoke On The Water", "Stars And Stripes On Iwo Jima", and "New Spanish Two Step".
Wills and the Texas Playboys recorded with several publishers and companies, including Vocalion, Okeh, Columbia, and MGM, frequently moving. In 1950, he had two top 10 hits, "Ida Red Likes the Boogie" and "Faded Love", which were his last hits for a decade. Throughout the 1950s, he struggled with poor health and tenuous finances, but continued to perform frequently despite the decline in popularity of his earlier music as rock and roll took over. Wills had a heart attack in 1962 and a second one the next year, which forced him to disband the Playboys, although Wills continued to perform solo.
In 1972, Wills accepted a citation from the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers in Nashville. He was recording an album with fan Merle Haggard in 1973 when a stroke left him comatose until his death in 1975. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted Wills and the Texas Playboys in 1999.
He was born on a cotton farm in Kosse, Limestone County, Texas to Emma Lee Foley and John Tompkins Wills. His parents were both of primarily English ancestry but had distant Irish ancestry as well. The entire Wills family was musically inclined. His father was a statewide champion fiddle player, and several of his siblings played musical instruments. The family frequently held country dances in their home, and while living in Hall County, Texas, they also played at "ranch dances," which were popular throughout west Texas. In this environment, Wills learned to play the fiddle and the mandolin early.
Wills not only learned traditional music from his family, he learned some blues songs directly from African American families who worked in the cotton fields near Lakeview, Texas. As a child, he mainly interacted with African American children, learning their musical styles and dances such as jigs. Aside from his own family, he knew few other white children until he was seven or eight years old.
New Mexico and Texas
The family moved to Hall County in the Texas Panhandle in 1913, and in 1919 they bought a farm between the towns of Lakeview, Texas and Turkey, Texas. At the age of 16, Wills left the family and hopped a freight train, travelling under the name Jim Rob. He drifted from town to town trying to earn a living for several years, once nearly falling from a moving train.
In his 20s, he attended barber school, married his first wife Edna, and moved first to Roy, New Mexico, then returned to Turkey in Hall County (now considered his home town) to work as a barber at Hamm's Barber Shop. He alternated barbering and fiddling even when he moved to Fort Worth, Texas after leaving Hall County in 1929. There he played in minstrel and medicine shows, and, as with other Texas musicians such as Ocie Stockard, continued to earn money as a barber. He wore blackface makeup to appear in comedy routines, something that was common at the time. Wills played the violin and sang, and had two guitarists and a banjo player with him. "Bob was in blackface and was the comic; he cracked jokes, sang, and did an amazing jig dance."
Since there was already a Jim on the show, the manager began calling him Bob. However, it was as Jim Rob Wills, paired with Herman Arnspiger, that he made his first commercial (though unissued) recordings in November 1929 for Brunswick/Vocalion. Wills quickly became known for being talkative on the bandstand, a tendency he picked up from family, local cowboys, and the style of Black musicians he had heard growing up.
While in Fort Worth, Wills added the "rowdy city blues" of Bessie Smith and Emmett Miller, who he idolized, to a repertoire of mainly waltzes and breakdowns he had learned from his father, and patterned his vocal style after that of Miller and other performers such as Al Bernard. His 1935 version of "St. Louis Blues" replicates Al Bernard's patter from the 1928 version of the song. He described his love of Bessie Smith's music with an anecdote: "I rode horseback from the place between the rivers to Childress to see Bessie Smith ... She was about the greatest thing I had ever heard. In fact, there was no doubt about it. She was the greatest thing I ever heard."
In Fort Worth, Wills met Herman Arnspiger and formed The Wills Fiddle Band. In 1930 Milton Brown joined the group as lead vocalist and brought a sense of innovation and experimentation to the band, which became known as the Aladdin Laddies and then soon renamed itself the Light Crust Doughboys because of radio sponsorship by the makers of Light Crust Flour. Brown left the band in 1932 to form the Musical Brownies, the first true Western swing band. Brown added twin fiddles, tenor banjo and slap bass, pointing the music in the direction of swing, which they played on local radio and at dancehalls.
The Texas Playboys
After forming a new band, The Playboys, and relocating to Waco, Texas, Wills found enough popularity there to decide on a bigger market. They left Waco in January 1934 for Oklahoma City. Wills soon settled the renamed Texas Playboys in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and began broadcasting noon shows over the 50,000-watt KVOO radio station, from the stage of Cain's Ballroom. They also played dances in the evenings. Wills largely sang blues and sentimental ballads. "One Star Rag", "Rat Cheese Under the Hill", "Take Me Back to Tulsa", "Basin Street Blues", "Steel Guitar Rag", and "Trouble in Mind" were some of the songs in the extensive repertory played by Wills and the Playboys.
Wills added a trumpet to the band inadvertently when he hired Everet Stover as an announcer, not knowing that he had played with the New Orleans symphony and had directed the governor's band in Austin. Stover, thinking he had been hired as a trumpeter, began playing with the band, and Wills never stopped him. Although Wills initially disapproved of it, young saxophonist Zeb McNally was eventually hired. Wills hired the young, "modern-style musician" Smoky Dacus as a drummer to balance out the horns.
He continued to expand the lineup through the mid to late 1930s. The addition of steel guitar whiz Leon McAuliffe in March 1935 added not only a formidable instrumentalist, but also a second engaging vocalist. Wills and the Texas Playboys did their first recordings on September 23–25, 1935, in Dallas. Session rosters from 1938 show both lead guitar and electric guitar in addition to guitar and steel guitar in the Texas Playboys recordings. About this time, Wills purchased and performed with an antique Guadagnini violin. The instrument, worth an estimated $7,600 at the time, was purchased for only $1,600. In 1940, "New San Antonio Rose" sold a million records and became the signature song of The Texas Playboys. The "front line" of Wills' orchestra consisted of either fiddles or guitars after 1944.
In 1940, Wills, along with the Texas Playboys, co-starred with Tex Ritter in Take Me Back to Oklahoma. Altogether, Wills appeared in nineteen films, including The Lone Prairie (1942), Riders Of The Northwest Mounted (1943), Saddles and Sagebrush (1943), The Vigilantes Ride (1943), The Last Horseman (1944), Rhythm Round-Up (1945), Blazing the Western Trail (1945), and Lawless Empire (1945).
In December 1942, after several band members had left the group, and as World War II raged, Wills joined the army at the age of 37, but received a medical discharge in 1943. After leaving the Army in 1943, Wills moved to Hollywood and began to reorganize the Texas Playboys. He became an enormous draw in Los Angeles, where many of his fans had relocated during the Great Depression and World War II in search of jobs. Monday through Friday, the band played the noon hour timeslot over KMTR-AM (now KLAC) in Los Angeles. They also played regularly at the Mission Beach Ballroom in San Diego.
He commanded enormous fees playing dances there, and began to make more creative use of electric guitars to replace the big horn sections the Tulsa band had boasted. For a very brief period in 1944, the Wills band included 23 members, and around mid-year he toured Northern California and the Pacific Northwest with 21 pieces in the orchestra. Billboard reported that Wills out-grossed Harry James, Benny Goodman, "both Dorseys, et al." at Civic Auditorium in Oakland, California in January 1944.
Wills and His Texas Playboys began their first cross-country tour in November 1944, and appeared at the Grand Ole Opry on December 30, 1944. According to Opry policy, drums and horns were considered pop instruments, inappropriate to country music. The Opry had two western swing bands on its roster, led by Pee Wee King and Paul Howard. Neither were allowed to use their drummers at the Opry. Wills' band at the time consisted of two fiddlers, two bass fiddles, two electric guitars, electric steel guitar, and a trumpet. Wills's then-drummer was Monte Mountjoy, who played in the Dixieland style. Wills battled Opry officials and refused to perform without his drummer. An attempt to compromise by keeping Mountjoy behind a curtain collapsed when Wills had his drums placed front and center onstage at the last minute.
In 1945, Wills' dances were drawing larger crowds than dances put on by Tommy Dorsey and Benny Goodman. That year, he lived in both Santa Monica and Fresno, California. In 1947, he opened the Wills Point nightclub in Sacramento, California and continued touring the Southwest and Pacific Northwest from Texas to Washington State. In Sacramento, he broadcast shows over KFBK, a station whose reach encompassed much of the American West. Wills was in such high demand that venues would book him even on weeknights, because they knew the show would still be a draw.
During the postwar period, KGO radio in San Francisco syndicated a Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys show recorded at the Fairmont Hotel. Many of these recordings survive today as the Tiffany Transcriptions and are available on CD. They show off the band's strengths significantly, in part because the group was not confined to the three-minute limits of 78 RPM discs. On April 3, 1948, Wills and the Texas Playboys appeared for the inaugural broadcast of the Louisiana Hayride on KWKH, broadcasting from the Municipal Auditorium in Shreveport, Louisiana.
Wills and the Texas Playboys played dances throughout the West to more than 10,000 people every week. They held dance attendance records at Jantzen Beach in Portland, Oregon; Santa Monica, California; Klamath Falls, Oregon; and at California's Oakland Auditorium, where they drew 19,000 people over two nights. Wills recalled the early days of what became known as Western swing music in a 1949 interview: "Here's the way I figure it. We sure not tryin' to take credit for swingin' it."
Still a binge drinker, Wills became increasingly unreliable in the late 1940s, causing a rift with Tommy Duncan (who bore the brunt of audience anger when Wills's binges prevented him from appearing). It ended when he fired Duncan in the fall of 1948.
Having lived a lavish lifestyle in California, Wills moved back to Oklahoma City in 1949, then went back on the road to maintain his payroll and Wills Point. He opened a second club, the Bob Wills Ranch House in Dallas, Texas. Turning the club over to managers, later revealed to be dishonest, left Wills in desperate financial straits with heavy debts to the IRS for back taxes. This caused him to sell many assets, including the rights to "New San Antonio Rose". It wrecked him financially.
In 1950, Wills had two top 10 hits, "Ida Red Likes the Boogie" and "Faded Love". After 1950, radio stations began to increasingly specialize in one form or another of commercially popular music. Although usually labelled "country and western", Wills did not fit into the style played on popular country and western stations, which typically played music in the Nashville sound. Neither did he fit into the conventional sound of pop stations, although he played a good deal of pop music.
Wills continued to appear at the Bostonia Ballroom in San Diego throughout the 1950s. He continued to tour and record through the 1950s into the early 1960s despite the fact that Western Swing's popularity, even in the Southwest, had greatly diminished. Charles R. Townsend described his drop in popularity: Bob could draw "a thousand people on Monday night between 1950 and 1952, but he could not do that by 1956. Entertainment habits had changed."
On Wills' return to Tulsa late in 1957, Jim Downing of the Tulsa Tribune wrote an article headlined "Wills Brothers Together Again: Bob Back with Heavy Beat". The article quotes Wills as saying "Rock and roll? Why, man, that's the same kind of music we've been playin' since 1928! ... We didn't call it rock and roll back when we introduced it as our style back in 1928, and we don't call it rock and roll the way we play it now. But it's just basic rhythm and has gone by a lot of different names in my time. It's the same, whether you just follow a drum beat like in Africa or surround it with a lot of instruments. The rhythm's what's important." The use of amplified guitars accentuates Wills's claim; some Bob Wills recordings from the 1930s and 1940s sound similar to rock and roll records of the 1950s.
Even a 1958 return to KVOO, where his younger brother Johnnie Lee Wills had maintained the family's presence, did not produce the success he hoped. He appeared twice on ABC-TV's Jubilee USA and kept the band on the road into the 1960s. After two heart attacks, in 1965 he dissolved the Texas Playboys (who briefly continued as an independent unit) to perform solo with house bands. While he did well in Las Vegas and other areas, and made records for the Kapp Records label, he was largely a forgotten figure—even though inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1968. A 1969 stroke left his right side paralyzed, ending his active career. He did, however, recover sufficiently to appear in a wheelchair at various Wills tributes held in the early 1970s. A revival of interest in his music, spurred by Merle Haggard's 1970 album A Tribute to the Best Damn Fiddle Player in the World, led to a 1973 reunion album, teaming Wills, who spoke with difficulty, with key members of the early band, as well as Haggard.
Bob Wills was married six times and divorced five times. He was twice married to, and divorced from Mary Helen Brown, the widow of Wills' ex-band member Milton Brown.
- Edna Posey, married 1926, divorced 1935 (one daughter, Robbie Joe Wills)
- Ruth McMaster, married 1936, divorced 1936
- Mary Helen Brown, married 1938, divorced 1938, remarried 1938, divorced 1939
- Mary Louise Parker, married 1939, divorced 1939 (one daughter, Rosetta Wills)
- Betty Anderson, married 1942 (four children, James Robert II, Carolyn, Diane, and Cindy Wills)
Wills' style influenced performers Buck Owens, Merle Haggard, and The Strangers and helped to spawn a style of music now known as the Bakersfield Sound. (Bakersfield, California was one of Wills' regular stops in his heyday). A 1970 tribute album by Haggard, A Tribute to the Best Damn Fiddle Player in the World (or, My Salute to Bob Wills) directed a wider audience to Wills' music, as did the appearance of younger "revival" bands like Asleep at the Wheel and Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen plus the growing popularity of longtime Wills disciple and fan Willie Nelson. By 1971, Wills recovered sufficiently to travel occasionally and appear at tribute concerts. In 1973, he participated in a final reunion session with members of some the Texas Playboys from the 1930s to the 1960s. Merle Haggard was invited to play at this reunion. The session, scheduled for two days, took place in December 1973, with the album to be titled For the Last Time. Wills, speaking or attempting to holler, appeared on a couple tracks from the first day's session but suffered a stroke overnight. He had a more severe one a few days later. The musicians completed the album without him. Wills by then was comatose. He lingered until his death on May 13, 1975.
Reviewing For the Last Time in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Robert Christgau wrote: "This double-LP doesn't represent the band at its peak. But though earlier recordings of most of these classic tunes are at least marginally sharper, it certainly captures the relaxed, playful, eclectic Western swing groove that Wills invited in the '30s."
In addition to being inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1968, Wills was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in the Early Influence category along with the Texas Playboys in 1999, and received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007.
From 1974 until his 2002 death, Waylon Jennings performed a song he had written called "Bob Wills Is Still the King". Released as the B-side of a single that was a double-sided hit, it went to number one on the country charts. The song has become a staple of classic country radio station formats. In addition, The Rolling Stones performed this song live in Austin, Texas at Zilker Park on their A Bigger Bang Tour, a shout-out to Wills. This performance was included on their subsequent DVD The Biggest Bang. In a 1968 issue of Guitar Player, rock guitarist Jimi Hendrix said of Wills and the Playboys: "I dig them. The Grand Ole Opry used to come on, and I used to watch that. They used to have some pretty heavy cats, some heavy guitar players." In fact, Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys only performed on the Opry twice: in 1944 and 1948. Hendrix almost surely referred to Nashville guitarists.
Wills ranked #27 in CMT's 40 Greatest Men in Country Music in 2003.
During the 49th Grammy Awards in 2007, Carrie Underwood performed his song "San Antonio Rose". Today, George Strait performs Wills' music on concert tours and records songs influenced by Wills and his Texas-style swing.
The Austin-based Western swing band Asleep at the Wheel have honored Wills' music since the band's inception, mostly notably with their continuing performances of the musical drama A Ride with Bob, which debuted in Austin in March 2005 to coincide with celebrations of Wills' 100th birthday.
The Bob Wills Birthday Celebration is held every year in March at the Cain's Ballroom in Tulsa, Oklahoma with a Western swing concert and dance.
In 2004, a documentary film about his life and music, titled Fiddlin' Man: The Life and Music of Bob Wills, was released by VIEW Inc.
Bob Wills was honored in Episode 2 of Ken Burn's 2019 series on PBS called Country Music.
|1949||Round Up||Columbia Records|
|1960||Together Again (w/ Tommy Duncan)||Liberty|
|1961||A Living Legend|
|1961||Mr. Words & Mr. Music (w/ Tommy Duncan)|
|1963||Bob Wills Sings and Plays|
|1965||Bob Wills Keepsake Album No. 1||Longhorn|
|1966||From the Heart of Texas||33||Kapp|
|1967||King of Western Swing||43|
|1968||Here's That Man Again||24|
|1973||Bob Wills Plays the Greatest String Band Hits||28||MCA|
|1974||For the Last Time||28||United Artists|
|1975||The Best of Bob Wills Vol. II||36||MCA|
|1976||Remembering ... The Greatest Hits of Bob Wills||46||Columbia|
|Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys in Concert||44||Capitol|
|1977||24 Great Hits by Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys||39||MGM|
|1935||"St. Louis Blues" / "Four or Five Times"||Vocalion 03076|
|"Good Old Oklahoma" / "Mexicali Rose"||Vocalion 03086|
|"Osage Stomp" / "Get with It"||Vocalion 03096|
|1936||"Sitting on Top of the World" / "Black and Blue Rag"||Vocalion 03139|
|"I Can't Be Satisfied" / "Wang Wang Blues"||Vocalion 03173|
|"I Ain't Got Nobody (and Nobody Cares for Me)" / "Who Walks in When I Walk Out?"||Vocalion 03206|
|"Spanish Two Step" / "Blue River"||Vocalion 03230|
|"I Can't Give You Anything but Love" / "Never No More Blues"||Vocalion 03264|
|"Old Fashioned Love" / "Oklahoma Rag"||Vocalion 03295|
|"Trouble in Mind" / "Weary of the Same Ol' Stuff"||Vocalion 03343|
|"Basin Street Blues" / "Red Hot Gal of Mine"||Vocalion 03344|
|"Sugar Blues" / "Fan It"||Vocalion 03361|
|"Smith's Reel" / "Harmony"||Melotone 6-11-58|
|"Steel Guitar Rag" / "Swing Blues No. 1"||Vocalion 03394|
|1937||"She's Killing Me" / "What's the Matter with the Mill?"||Vocalion 03424|
|"Get Along Home Cindy" / "Right or Wrong"||Vocalion 03451|
|"Mean Mama Blues" / "Bring It on Down to My House"||Vocalion 03492|
|"No Matter How She Done It (She's Just a Dirty Dame)" / "Too Busy!"||Vocalion 03537|
|"Back Home Again in Indiana" / "Swing Blues No. 2"||Vocalion 03578|
|"Dedicated to You" / "Bleeding Hearted Blues"||Vocalion 03597|
|"White Heat" / "Bluin' the Blues"||Vocalion 03614|
|"I'm a Ding Dong Daddy (from Dumas)" / "Rosetta"||Vocalion 03659|
|"The New St. Louis Blues" / "Oozlin' Daddy Blues"||Vocalion 03693|
|"Playboy Stomp" / "Tie Me to Your Apron Strings Again"||Vocalion 03854|
|1938||"Maiden's Prayer" / "Never No More Hard Time Blues"||Vocalion 03924|
|"Steel Guitar Stomp" / "Sunbonnet Sue"||Vocalion 03997|
|"Black Rider" / "Everybody Does It in Hawaii"||Vocalion 04132|
|"Keep Knocking (but You Can't Come In" / "Empty Bed Blues"||Vocalion 04184|
|"Alexander's Ragtime Band" / "Gambling Polka Dot Blues"||Vocalion 04275|
|"Tulsa Stomp" / "Little Red Head"||Vocalion 04235|
|"Loveless Love" / "Way Down upon the Swanee River"||Vocalion 04387|
|"Moonlight and Roses (Bring Mem'ries of You)" / "I Wish I Could Shimmy Like My Sister Kate"||Vocalion 04439|
|"Oh, Lady Be Good" / "Oh You Beautiful Doll"||Vocalion 04515|
|1939||"I Wonder if You Feel the Way I Do" / "That's What I Like About the South"||Vocalion 04566|
|"Whoa Babe" / "Little Girl, Go Ask Your Mama"||Vocalion 04625|
|"San Antonio Rose" / "The Convict and the Rose"||Vocalion 04755|
|"You're Okay" / "Liza Pull Down the Shades"||Vocalion 04839|
|"Silver Bells" / "Yearning Just for You"||Vocalion 04934|
|"Beaumont Rag" / "The Waltz You Saved for Me"||Vocalion 04999|
|"Ida Red" / "Carolina in the Morning"||Vocalion 05079|
|"Dreamy Eyes Waltz" / "My Window Faces the South"||Vocalion 05161|
|"If I Could Bring Back My Buddy" / "Prosperity Special"||Vocalion 05228|
|1940||"Don't Let the Deal Go Down" / "Drunkard Blues"||Vocalion 05282|
|"Blue Prelude" / "Sophisticated Hula"||Vocalion 05333|
|"Pray for the Lights to Go Out" / "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star"||Vocalion 05401|
|"Blue Bonnet Rag" / "La Golondrina / Medley of Spanish Waltzes / Lady of Spain / Cielito Lindo"||Vocalion 05523|
|"You Don't Love Me (but I'll Always Care)" / "No Wonder"||Vocalion 05597|
|"Lone Star Rag" / "I Don't Lov'a Nobody"||OKeh 05637|
|"New San Antonio Rose" / "Bob Wills' Special"||OKeh 05694|
|"That Brownskin Gal" / "Time Changes Everything"||OKeh 05753|
|"There's Going to Be a Party (for the Old Folks)" / "Big Beaver"||OKeh 05905|
|1941||"Take Me Back to Tulsa" / "New Worried Mind"||OKeh 06101|
|"Maiden's Prayer" / "Takin' It Home"||OKeh 06205|
|"Twin Guitar Special" / "Lyla Lou"||OKeh 06327|
|"Bob Wills' Stomp" / "Lil Liza Jane"||OKeh 06371|
|"Corrine, Corrina" / "Goodnight Little Sweetheart"||OKeh 06530|
|1942||"Cherokee Maiden" / "Ride On! (My Prairie Pinto)"||OKeh 06568|
|"Dusty Skies" / "It's All Your Fault"||OKeh 06598|
|"Oh! You Pretty Woman" / "I Knew the Moment I Lost You"||OKeh 06640|
|"Please Don't Leave Me" / "My Life's Been a Pleasure"||OKeh 6681|
|"This Little Rosary" / "When It's Honey Suckle Time in the Valley" (Unreleased)||OKeh 6692|
|"Ten Years" / "Let's Ride with Bob (Theme Song)"||OKeh 6692|
|"My Confession" / "Whose Heart Are You Breaking Now?"||OKeh 6703|
|1943||"Home in San Antone" / "Miss Molly"||OKeh 6710|
|1944||"We Might as Well Forget It" / "You're from Texas"||2||OKeh 6722|
|1945||"Goodbye, Liza Jane" / It Seems Like Yesterday" (Unreleased)||OKeh 6734|
|"Smoke on the Water"||1||OKeh 6736|
|/ "Hang Your Head in Shame"||3|
|"Stars and Stripes on Iwo Jima"||1||OKeh 6742|
|/ "You Don't Care What Happens to Me"||5|
|"Silver Dew on the Blue Grass Tonight"||1||Columbia 36841|
|/ "Texas Playboy Rag"||2|
|"White Cross on Okinawa"||1||Columbia 36881|
|/ "Empty Chair at the Christmas Table"|
|1946||"New Spanish Two Step"||1||Columbia 36966|
|/ "Roly Poly"||3|
|"Stay a Little Longer"||2||Columbia 37097|
|/ "I Can't Go on This Way"||4|
|"Cotton Eyed Joe" / "Staccato Waltz"||Columbia 37212|
|1947||"There's a Big Rock in the Road"||Columbia 37205|
|/ "I'm Gonna Be Boss from Now On"||5|
|"Sugar Moon"||1||Columbia 37313|
|/ "Brain Cloudy Blues"|
|"Rose of Old Pawnee"||Columbia 37357|
|/ "Bob Wills Boogie"||4|
|"How Can It Be Wrong?" / "Punkin' Stomp"||Columbia 37564|
|"Fat Boy Rag" / "You Should Have Thought of That Before"||Columbia 37824|
|"Liberty" / "The Kind of Love I Can't Forget"||Columbia 37926|
|"A Sweet Kind of Love" / "Cowboy Stomp"||Columbia 37988|
|"Spanish Fandango""||MGM 10116|
|/ "Bubbles in My Beer"||4|
|1948||"Texarkana Baby"||15||Columbia 38179|
|"Keeper of My Heart"||8||MGM 10175|
|"'Neath Hawaiian Palms"||MGM 10236|
|/ "Thorn in My Heart"||10|
|1950||"Ida Red Likes the Boogie"||10||MGM 10570|
|"Faded Love"||8||MGM 10786|
|"'Tater Pie" / "I Didn't Realize"||MGM 10836|
|1960||"Heart to Heart Talk" (w/ Tommy Duncan)||5||Liberty 55260|
|1961||"The Image of Me" (w/ Tommy Duncan)||26||Liberty 55264|
|1976||"Ida Red" (re-release)||99||Vocalion 05079|
- Mazor, Barry (February 11, 2009). "The Tiffany Transcriptions, Back and Better". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
- Wolff, Country Music, "Big Balls in Cowtown: Western Swing from Fort Worth to Fresno", p. 29: If any single person deserves to be considered the 'father' of western swing, it must be Bob Wills."
- West, "Trails and Footprints", p. 39: "Snyder [Texas] hosts the West Texas Western Swing Festival ('Come Fiddle Around in Snyder'), recognizing the regional origins of the father of western swing, Bob Wills, from Turkey (a bit more than a hundred miles due north in Hall County) ..."
- "82(R) SCR 35 – Enrolled version – Bill Text". Legis.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
- "Inductee Explorer | Rock & Roll Hall of Fame". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on March 29, 2018. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- This Tiny Texas Town is a Must-See for Bob Wills Fans Archived April 14, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2018-04-13.
- "Ancestry of Bob Wills". Wargs.com. Archived from the original on September 14, 2007. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- San Antonio Rose: The Life and Music of Bob Wills by Charles Townsend and Charles R. Townsend, p. 2
- Charles R. Townsend (1986). San Antonio Rose: The Life and Music of Bob Wills. p. 2. ISBN 978-0252013621.
- Milton Brown and the Founding of Western Swing. Cary Ginell. 1994. University of Illinois Press; ISBN 0-252-02041-3.
- San Antonio Rose: The Life and Music of Bob Wills. Charles R. Townsend. 1976. University of Illinois. p. 17; ISBN 0-252-00470-1.
- San Antonio Rose: The Life and Music of Bob Wills. Charles R. Townsend. 1976. University of Illinois. p. 4; ISBN 0-252-00470-1
- Denize Springer (February 23, 2005). "SF State News". San Francisco State University. Archived from the original on November 17, 2007. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- San Antonio Rose: The Life and Music of Bob Wills. Charles R. Townsend. 1976. University of Illinois. p. 3; ISBN 0-252-00470-1
- San Antonio Rose: The Life and Music of Bob Wills. Charles R. Townsend. 1976. University of Illinois. p. 16; ISBN 0-252-00470-1
- Hubbin' It. Ruth Sheldon. 1995. Country Music Foundation Press. first published 1938, pp. 76, 80, 81; ISBN 0-915608-18-9
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