Bolzano/Bozen railway station

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Bolzano/Bozen
View of the station from the platforms.
View of the station from the platforms.
Location Piazza della Stazione 1 /
Bahnhofplatz 1
39100 Bolzano-Bozen BZ
Bolzano, South Tyrol, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Italy
Coordinates 46°29′48″N 11°21′30″E / 46.49667°N 11.35833°E / 46.49667; 11.35833Coordinates: 46°29′48″N 11°21′30″E / 46.49667°N 11.35833°E / 46.49667; 11.35833
Operated by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Centostazioni
Line(s) Verona–Innsbruck
Bolzano/Bozen–Merano/Meran
Bolzano/Bozen–Malles/Mals
Distance 150.23 km (93.35 mi)
from Verona Porta Vescovo
Platforms 7 for long distance
4 bay platforms
(1 for regional trains)
Train operators Trenitalia
Connections
  • Urban and suburban buses
Construction
Architect Angiolo Mazzoni
Other information
Classification Gold
History
Opened 16 May 1859; 157 years ago (1859-05-16)
Rebuilt 1927-1929
Location
Bolzano/Bozen is located in Northern Italy
Bolzano/Bozen
Bolzano/Bozen
Location within Northern Italy

Bolzano/Bozen railway station (IATA: BZQ) (Italian: Stazione di Bolzano, German: Bahnhof Bozen) is the main station of Bolzano/Bozen, capital of the autonomous province of Alto Adige/Südtirol (region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol), in northeastern Italy. Opened in 1859, when Bozen was in the Austrian Empire and subsequently Tirol in Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary, the station lies on the Brenner Railway and contains a junction with the Vinschgau Railway to Merano/Meran and Malles/Mals.

The station is currently managed by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI). The commercial area of the passenger building, however, is managed by Centostazioni. Train services to and from the station are operated by Trenitalia, Südtirol Bahn and ÖBB. Bozen is included in the Tirol-Südtirol regional fare zone, which comprises an individual fare structure for public transport in South Tyrol and Austria's Tyrol (and East Tyrol). RFI, Centostazioni and Trenitalia are full subsidiaries of Ferrovie dello Stato (FS), Italy's state-owned rail company.

Location[edit]

Bolzano/Bozen railway station is situated at Piazza della Stazione / Bahnhofplatz, at the southeastern edge of the city centre and a short, 5-minute walk away.

History[edit]

The station was opened on 16 May 1859, upon the completion of the Trento-Bolzano/Bozen section of the Brenner Railway from Verona. Since Bolzano/Bozen has been an integral part of Tyrol in the Austrian Empire, it was known solely as Bozen by the German-speaking population. Bolzano/Bozen station carried the name Bahnhof Bozen-Gries. Its passenger building was designed by the Bozner architect Sebastian Altmann.

In 1864, construction began on the final section of the Brenner Railway between Bolzano/Bozen and Innsbruck. This section was completed on 24 August 1867. In 1871, rail services in the area were enhanced by the inauguration of the Puster Valley Railway (Pustertalbahn), which connected Bolzano/Bozen to Maribor/Marburg in today's Slovenia through San Candido/Innichen and southern Austria. The Brenner and Puster Valley railways provided Bolzano/Bozen direct links with numerous cities within the Austrian Empire and across central Europe. They benefited the local economy: crafts, industries and commercial enterprises.

In 1881, a third railway line, Vinschgau Railway, joined the Bolzano/Bozen station and connected it to Merano/Meran, former capital city of Tyrol. In order to cater for freuqent holiday makers, the Vinschgau railway was extended 1906 from Merano to Malles/Mals.

Between 1898 and 1974, Bolzano/Bozen was the terminus of the Überetsch Railway to Caldaro/Kaltern.

Transfer to Italy[edit]

After the World War I, the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) assigned the region south of the Brenner Pass to Italy. As a result, Bolzano/Bozen-Gries station was transferred to the Italian railway network and came under the management of the FS.

Between 1927 and 1929, the station has a replacement passenger building in the style of Italy's fascist regime. It was designed by the architect Angiolo Mazzoni. The facade on the access road to the station was reworked into two half-columns and flanked by two statues, crafted by the Austrian artist Franz Ehrenhöfer, which represent electricity and steam. Ehrenhöfer also created masks on the cornices for the station complex, a fountain of St. Christopher and an allegory of the Adige river (Etsch) to be placed above the entrance to the clock tower (east of the station).

Features[edit]

The passenger building hosts the main ticket office, a Deutsche Bahn ticket office and a waiting room. Other facilities include a cafe-bar and a newsagent store. There are six platforms for passenger service and additional tracks for freight traffic.

Passenger and train movements[edit]

The station has 5.5 million passenger movements per year and is therefore the busiest within the region in terms of passenger numbers.[1]

Train services[edit]

Aerial view of the station.

All scheduled passenger trains passing through Bolzano/Bozen, including EuroCity and Eurostar Italia (now Trenitalia Freccia) trains, but except the Venice Simplon Orient Express and DB CityNightLine night trains in the direction of Munich, call at the station. The main domestic destinations are Verona and Trento, but passengers also depart for and arrive from farther afield: Florence, Milan or Rome. The main cross-border links are Munich and Innsbruck.

Since 2010, the station has been a stop for the weekly EuroNight train of Russian Railways between Moscow and Nice.

Germany/Austria/South Tyrol

(D for Germany, A for Austria)

On 11 December 2016, ÖBB will take over all Deutsche Bahn's night trains. The Milan-Munich service will be withdrawn.

  • Night Train (DB CityNightLine) Munich-Milan/Rome: Munich (D) - Rosenheim (D) - Kufstein (A) - Wörgl (A) - Jenbach (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Bressanone/Brixen - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Verona^ - Peschiera del Garda - Brescia- Milan
  • Intercity Train (ÖBB Eurocity) Munich-Verona/Venice: Munich (D) - Rosenheim (D) - Kufstein (A) - Wörgl (A) - Jenbach (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Brennero/Brenner - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Rovereto/Rofreit - Verona - (Padua) - (Venice)
  • Intercity Train (ÖBB Eurocity) Munich-Verona/Bologna: Munich (D) - Rosenheim (D) - Kufstein (A) - Wörgl (A) - Jenbach (A) - Innsbruck (A) - Brennero/Brenner - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - (Rovereto/Rofreit) - Verona - (Bologna)
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Brennero/Brenner-Merano/Meran: Brennero/Brenner - Vipiteno/Sterzing - Campo di Trens/Feiernfeld - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Chuisa/Klausen - Bolzano/Bozen - Terlano/Terlan - Merano/Meran
  • Regional Train (Südtirol Bahn Regio-Express) Bozen-Innsbruck: Bolzano/Bozen - Bressanone/Brixen - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Brennero/Brenner - Innsbruck

^ Train connects at Verona with ÖBB EuroNight Rome-Vienna: DB CityNightLine splits into two trains (first half couples with ÖBB Rome-Vienna and leaves for Vienna or Rome; second half continues to Munich or Milan). Vienna-Rome splits into two trains (first half continues to Rome or Vienna; second half couples with DB CityNightLine for Milan or Munich).

Italy

  • High-speed Train (Trenitalia Frecciargento) Bolzano/Bozen-Naples: Bolzano/Bozen - Trento/Trient - Rovereto/Rofreit - Verona - Bologna - Florence - Rome - (Naples)
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Brennero/Brenner-Bologna: Brennero/Brenner - Vipiteno/Sterzing - Campo di Trens/Feiernfeld - Fortezza/Franzensfeste - Bressanone/Brixen - Chuisa/Klausen - Bolzano/Bozen - Ora/Auer - Mezzocorona/Kronmetz - Trento/Trient - Rovereto/Rofreit - Ala/Ahl-am-Etsch - Verona - Isola della Scala - Nogara - Ostiglia - Mirandola - Bologna
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Bolzano/Bozen-Ala/Ahl-am-Etsch: Bolzano/Bozen - Laives/Leifers - Ora/Aura - Egna/Neumarkt - Salorno/Salurn - Mezzocorona/Kronmetz - Trento/Trient - Rovereto/Rofreit - Mori/Moor in Tirol - Ala/Ahl-am-Etsch
  • Regional Train (Trenitalia Regional) Bolzano/Bozen-Bassano del Grappa: Bolzano/Bozen - Ora/Auer - Trento/Trient - San Cristoforo al Lago-Ischia - Bassano del Grappa - (Castelfranco Veneto) - (Venice)

Cross-border

(A for Austria, F for France, CZ for Czech Republic, PL for Poland, BR for Belarus, R for Russia, MN for Monaco)

  • Intercity Train (RZD EuroNight) Moscow-Nice: Moscow (Belorusskaja) (R) - Wjasma (R) - Smolensk (R) - Orscha Central (R) - Minsk (BR) - Brest Central (BR) - Terespol (PL) - Warsaw West (Wschodnia) (PL) - Warsaw Central (Centralna) (PL)- Katowice (PL) - Zebrzydowice (PL) - Bohumin (CZ) - Breclav (CZ) - Vienna/Wien (A) - Linz-Donau (A) - Innsbuck (A) - Bolzano/Bozen - Verona - Milan - Genoa - San Remo - Ventimiglia - Menton (F) - Monaco Monte-Carlo (MN) - Nice (F)[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Flussi Annui nelle 103 Stazioni" [Annual flows at the 103 stations]. Centostazioni website (in Italian). Centostazioni. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Baumgartner, Elisabeth (1989). Eisenbahnlandschaft Alt-Tirol - Verkehrsgeschichte zwischen Kufstein und Ala im Spannungsfeld von Tourismus, Politik und Kultur [Railway landscape Old Tyrol - Transport history between Kufstein and Ala in the fields of tourism, politics and culture] (in German). Innsbruck: Haymon. ISBN 3-85218-065-1. 
  • Mitterer, Wittfrida (2007). Scambi & simboli - paesaggio ferrovia Bolzano-Innsbruck. Memorie e volumi in rilievo [Exchanges & Symbols - Bolzano-Innsbruck rail landscape. Memories and volumes in relief] (in Italian). Bolzano: Athesia. ISBN 978-88-8266-441-1. 

External links[edit]

This article is based upon a translation of the Italian language version, and incorporates information from the German language version, as at December 2010.