Brussels International Exposition (1935)
|Category||First category General Exposition|
|Name||Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Bruxelles|
|Building(s)||Palais des Expositions|
|Area||150 hectares (370 acres)|
|Organized by||Joseph van Neck|
|Opening||27 April 1935|
|Closure||25 November 1935|
|Previous||Century of Progress in Chicago|
|Next||Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne in Paris|
|Next||ILIS 1936 in Stockholm|
The Brussels International Exposition of 1935 (French: Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Bruxelles de 1935, Dutch: Brusselse Wereldtentoonstelling van 1935) was a world's fair held between 27 April and 6 November 1935 on the Heysel Plateau in Brussels, Belgium.
The 1935 World's Fair was the tenth world's fair hosted by Belgium, and the fourth in Brussels, following the fairs in 1888, 1897 and 1910. Officially sanctioned by the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE), twenty-five countries officially participated and a further five were unofficially represented. The theme was colonisation, on the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Congo Free State.
The exhibition attracted some twenty million visitors. Belgian architect Joseph van Neck was the principal architect of the fair and of the Art Deco Palais des Expositions (also known as the Grand Palais), with its interior concrete parabolic arches, and four heroic bronze statues on piers.
Among many other contributors, Le Corbusier designed part of the French exhibit; the Belgian modernist architect Victor Bourgeois designed the Grand Palais, the Leopold II restaurant and the Soprocol pavilion. The Belgian art exposition prominently displayed the work of contemporary Belgian artists, including Paul Delvaux, René Magritte and Louis Van Lint, boosting their careers.
The Palais des Expositions, and at least three other of the 1935 structures, were re-used for the 1958 Brussels World's Fair (Expo 58), which was held on the same site in 1958.
- The poster for the Exposition was designed by Leo Marfurt
- Thomas Coomans, Le Grand Palais du Heysel à Bruxelles (1931-1935), compromis entre monumentalisme et technicité (in French), Maisons d'hier et d'aujourd'hui, 91, 1991, p. 2-17.
- Georges-Henri Dumont, 150 ans d'expansion et de colonisation (in French), Brussels, Édition Paul Legrain, 1979.
- Paul Lambotte, Charles Pargameni, Exposition universelle et internationale Bruxelles 1935 : avril-novembre (in French), Brussels, 1935.
- Michel Mary, Adrien van der Burch, Commissaire général près l'Exposition Universelle et Internationale Bruxelles 1935 (in French), in Annales du Cercle royal d'histoire et d'archéologie du Canton de Soignies, t. XXXVII, 2004.
- Brigitte Schroeder-Gudehus, Anne Rasmussen, Les fastes du progrès : le guide des expositions universelles 1851-1992 (in French), Flammarion, Paris, 1992.
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