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Campbell (surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Campbell surname map
Region of originScotland, Ireland
Frequency comparisons:[1]

Campbell is a Scottish surname —derived from the Gaelic roots cam ("crooked") and beul ("mouth")—that had originated as a nickname meaning "crooked mouth" or "wry mouthed."[2] Clan Campbell, historically one of the largest and most powerful of the Highland clans, traces its origins to the ancient Britons of Strathclyde.[3] Between 1200 and 1500 the Campbells emerged as one of the most powerful families in Scotland, dominant in Argyll and capable of wielding a wider influence and authority from Edinburgh to the Hebrides and western Highlands.[4]

Today, the name is found throughout the world as a consequence of large scale emigration from Scotland from the 18th century onwards and the settlement of the Scottish diaspora in many countries particularly the United States, Canada and Australia. Due to significant Scottish immigration in the 16th and 17th centuries, the name is also found across the island of Ireland but particularly in Ulster.

Campbell is the third most common surname in Northern Ireland, fourth most common in Jamaica, seventh most common in Scotland, 12th most common in Canada, 18th most common in Australia, 41st most common in the United States and 65th most common in England.[1]

Notable persons named Campbell[edit]

Several people[edit]






Fictional people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Campbell Surname Meaning and Distribution". forebears.co.uk. Retrieved 21 January 2014
  2. ^ Partick Woulfe (March 2010). Irish Names and Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-8063-0381-9. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  3. ^ Way, George of Plean; Squire, Romilly of Rubislaw (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. Glasgow: HarperCollins (for the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 90–92. ISBN 0-00-470547-5.
  4. ^ Lynch, Michael, ed. (2011). Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford University Press. pp. 64–66. ISBN 978-0-19-923482-0.