Canberra Central

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Canberra Central
CanberraAustralian Capital Territory
Canberra Central Map.png
Location of Canberra Central, shaded.
Coordinates 35°16′56″S 149°07′43″E / 35.2822°S 149.1287°E / -35.2822; 149.1287Coordinates: 35°16′56″S 149°07′43″E / 35.2822°S 149.1287°E / -35.2822; 149.1287
Population 80,009 (2016 census)[1][2]
Gazetted 12 May 1966[3]
Territory electorate(s) Kurrajong
Federal Division(s)
Localities around Canberra Central:
Belconnen Gungahlin Majura
Belconnen Canberra Central Majura
Weston Creek Woden Valley Jerrabomberra

The District of Canberra Central is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory used in land administration. The district is subdivided into divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks. The district of Canberra Central lies entirely within the bounds of the city of Canberra, the capital city of Australia.

Establishment and governance[edit]

The traditional custodians of the district are the indigenous people of the Ngunawal tribe.[4]

Following the transfer of land from the Government of New South Wales to the Commonwealth Government in 1911, the district was established in 1966 by the Commonwealth via the gazettal of the Districts Ordinance 1966 No. 5 (Cth) which, after the enactment of the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988 (Cth), became the Districts Act 1966 No. 5 (ACT). This Act was subsequently repealed by the ACT Government and the district is now administered subject to the Districts Act 2002 (ACT).[5]

Location and urban structure[edit]

The district of Central Canberra is a set of contiguous residential suburbs consolidated around Lake Burley Griffin, together with a town centre located at Canberra City (also known as Civic), and a range of commercial suburbs, some of which form parts of the Parliamentary Triangle and contain many of Canberra's national monuments and institutions. The district is often known as two separate parts, being the Inner North and Inner South.[3] While some of the other districts in the Australian Capital Territory and within the city of Canberra are well known (e.g. Belconnen, Gungahlin, Tuggeranong, Weston Creek, Woden Valley) Canberra Central would less often be thought of as a district outside of its administrative use: more often as the Inner North and Inner South. The district of Canberra Central is mentioned in various ACT legislation.[6]

Canberra Central is bounded on the north by the Gungahlin district, the east by the Majura district, the south-east by the Jerrabombera district (as distinct from the suburb of Jerrabomberra that lies within the Queanbeyan local government area within New South Wales), the south by the district of the Woden Valley, the south-west by the Weston Creek district, and the west and north-west by the Belconnen district.

Inner north[edit]

The district includes the inner north divisions (suburbs) of Acton, Ainslie, Braddon, Campbell, City, Dickson, Downer, Hackett, Lyneham, O'Connor, Reid, Russell, Turner and Watson (except for the very north end near the Australian Heritage Village which is in the Majura district). Part of the nature park to the east and south of Mount Majura is also in the district. It also includes Black Mountain and the land south of Lady Denman Drive around Yarramundi Reach, near Lake Burley Griffin.

Inner south[edit]

The district includes the inner south divisions (suburbs) of Barton, Capital Hill, Deakin, Forrest, Fyshwick, Griffith, Kingston, Narrabundah, Parkes, Red Hill (except for the Federal Golf Course which is in Woden Valley district), and Yarralumla.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2016 census, there were 80,009 people in the Canberra Central district, of these 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.2 per cent of the population, which was lower than the national and territory averages. The median age of people in the Canberra Central district was 34 years, which was lower than the national median of 38 years. Children aged 0–14 years made up 13.2 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.1 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 37.3 per cent were married and 9.6 per cent were either divorced or separated.[1][2]

Population growth in the Canberra Central district between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 3.5 per cent; in the five years to the 2011 census, the population grew by 9.7 per cent; and in the five years to the 2016 census, the population grew by 10.8 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78 per cent, 8.32 per cent and 8.88 respectively, population growth in Canberra Central district was close to the national average.[7][8][9][10][1][2] The median weekly income for residents within the Canberra Central district was significantly higher than the national average, and slightly higher than the territory average.[1][2]

Selected historical census data for the Canberra Central district
Census year 2001[7][8] 2006[9][10] 2011[11][12] 2016[1][2]
Population Estimated residents on census night 63,577 65,781 72,184 80,009
District rank in terms of size within the Australian Capital Territory 3rd Steady 3rd Steady 3rd Steady 3rd
Percentage of the Australian Capital Territory population 20.2% 20.1%
Percentage of the Australian population 0.34% Decrease 0.33% Increase 0.34% Steady 0.34%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
English 32.7% 33.7%
Australian 32.4% 28.7%
Irish 14.0% 14.6%
Scottish 10.7% 11.2%
Chinese 4.8%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Mandarin 0.9% Increase 1.6% Increase 2.7% Increase 4.1%
Vietnamese 0.7% Increase 0.8% Increase 1.0%
Greek 1.1% Decrease 0.9% Increase 1.0%
Italian 1.3% Decrease 1.1% Decrease 1.0%
Cantonese n/c Increase 0.9% Increase 1.0% Steady 1.0%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
No Religion 24.7% Increase 29.3% Increase 36.2% Increase 44.3%
Catholic 24.0% Decrease 23.4% Decrease 20.8% Decrease 17.2%
Anglican 17.4% Decrease 15.0% Decrease 12.7% Decrease 11.5%
Uniting Church 4.2% Decrease 3.7% Decrease 3.1%
Buddhism n/c Increase 2.6% Increase 3.1%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$781 A$1,013 A$1,078
Percentage of Australian median income 167.6% Increase 175.6% Decrease 139.8%
Family income Median weekly family income A$2,058 A$2,652 A$2,825
Percentage of Australian median income 175.7% Decrease 141.9% Increase 152.5%
Household income Median weekly household income A$1,521 A$2,101 A$2,100
Percentage of Australian median income 148.1% Increase 170.2% Decrease 137.8%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "North Canberra (SA3)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b c d e Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "South Canberra (SA3)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 June 2017.  Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b "Districts Ordinance 1966 No. 5 (Cth)". Australian Capital Territory Numbered Ordinances. AustLII. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Aboriginal Heritage in the ACT". Heritage. Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate. 17 March 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Districts Act 1966 Notes". Australian Capital Territory Repealed Acts. AustLII. 2002. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Water Resources (Licence Variation) Notice 2005 (No 3)" (PDF). Legislative Assembly of the Australian Capital Territory. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "North Canberra (SSD)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "South Canberra (SSD)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "North Canberra (SSD)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "South Canberra (SSD)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "North Canberra (SA3)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.  Edit this at Wikidata
  12. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "South Canberra (SA3)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.  Edit this at Wikidata

External links[edit]