Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy

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Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie Carol Davila
Fosta Facultate de Medicina azi Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie, Bd. Eroii Sanitari nr. 8, sect. 5, Bucuresti.JPG
Latin: Universitas Medicinae et Pharmaciae Carolus Davila Bucurestis
MottoVirtute et sapientia (Latin: "By virtue and wisdom")
TypePublic
Established1694 (Saint Sava College)
1857 as UMFCD
AffiliationInternational Association of Universities, European University Association
RectorViorel Jinga[1]
President of the SenateDragoș Vinereanu[2]
Academic staff
1,654
Students10,400 (2019–2020)[3]
Location
8, Eroii Sanitari Blvd, Bucharest
,
CampusUrban
Also known asUMFCD, UMPCD, CDUMP
ColorsGold, white and navy blue             
Athletics20 sports
Websiteumfcd.ro

Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy (Romanian: Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie „Carol Davila”) or University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, commonly known by the abbreviation UMFCD, is a public health sciences university in Bucharest, Romania. It is one of the largest and oldest institutions of its kind in Romania. The university uses the facilities of over 20 clinical hospitals all over Bucharest.

The Carol Davila University is classified as an "advanced research and education university" by the Ministry of Education. Created as part of the University of Bucharest in 1857, the institution is considered as one of the most prestigious of its kind in Romania and in Eastern Europe.[4]

Library[edit]

The university includes two major libraries, both built in 1857 in a neoclassical and neo-baroque style.

The Central University Library, housed in a rich neo-baroque structure

History[edit]

Carol Davila was a prestigious Romanian physician of Italian ancestry. He studied medicine at the University of Paris, graduating in February 1853. In March 1853, he arrived in Romania. He was the organiser of the military medical service for the Romanian Army and of the country's public health system.

In 1857, Davila, in collaboration with Nicolae Crețulescu, founded the university, at which time it was known under the name of the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy. In the same year, the foundation stone of the University Palace in Bucharest was laid. It was due to Carol Davila's many activities that several scientific associations appeared in Romania: the Medical Society (1857), the Red Cross Society (1876), and the Natural Sciences Society (1876). With his assistance, two medical journals entered print: the Medical Register (1862) and the Medical Gazette (1865).

In 1869, it was incorporated as the Faculty of Medicine in the newly-created University of Bucharest. The first doctoral degrees were granted in 1873, and the doctoral degree became the de facto graduation in 1888.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to George Emil Palade, described as "the most influential cell biologist ever", who had studied at the University of Carol Davila and later served as a Professor and Head of the Department of Human Biology and Physiology.

The School of Pharmacy was founded in 1889 as part of the Faculty of Medicine. In 1923, it was separated and it became the Faculty of Pharmacy.

The Faculty of Pharmacy of Carol Davila University is the place where insulin was isolated for the first time by Nicolae Paulescu in 1921, leading to a controversy in the awarding of the 1923 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.

In 1948, the Faculties of Medicine and Pharmacy were separated from the University of Bucharest, and incorporated as the Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy. In the same year, the postgraduate Clinical Dentistry Institute was incorporated into the Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy as the Faculty of Dentistry.

In 1991, the Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy changed its name to the Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy.

Ranking[edit]

The Palace of the Faculty of Medicine in Bucharest

In 1869 it was incorporated as a department in the newly created University of Bucharest, which in the 2012 QS World University Rankings was included in the top 700 universities of the world, together with three other Romanian universities. According to the Scimago Lab, based on data collected between 2007 and 2011, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy ranked 121 regionally and 12 in the country by number of publications.[5] According to the International Journal of Medical Sciences, in a 2019 survey UMFCD along with Karolinska Institute, Erasmus University, and Paris Descartes University are considered Europe's medical universities that are leading change.[6] Based on the Shanghai Ranking, the Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy lies among the top 151–200 Universities in the “medical sciences” domain with regards to the subject "clinical medicine”.[7]

Faculties[edit]

  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Faculty of Dentistry

Faculty of Medicine[edit]

University of Medicine and Pharmacy

The higher medical and pharmaceutical education in Bucharest dates back more than a century. Carol Davila, a Romanian physician of Italian origin, in collaboration with Nicholae Kretzulescu founded the Medical education in Romania, by establishing the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy in 1857. Thanks to his activity a number of scientific societies were created, such as the Medical Society, the Red Cross Society and the Natural Sciences Society, and two medical journals, The Medical Monitor and The Medical Gazette.

The building of the Faculty of Medicine was fully completed and inaugurated on 12 October 1903. The initiative to erect a monument to Carol Davila on the same day, was taken at the first national medical conference, which was held in Bucharest in October 1884. The statue, valued work of Carol Storck, was cast in bronze in the School of arts and crafts workshops in Bucharest.[8]

The inauguration of the faculty building is an important date in the evolution of medical education in Bucharest. The new building brought great improvements in the functioning of laboratories and the organization of practical work, as well as in the full didactic activity. In the faculty building there is a fully organized sports center that includes an autonomous indoor swimming pool for the university's representative successful team and in addition an indoor basketball, volleyball and handball court.

Departments[edit]

  • Pathophysiology and Immunology
  • Genetics
  • Internal Medicine and Nephrology
  • Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology
  • Internal Medicine and Rheumatology
  • Medical Expertise and Work Capacity Recovery
  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology
  • Internal Medicine and Cardiology
  • Allergology
  • Medical - Surgical Care Practice
  • General Nursing
  • Neuro - Psychomotor Children Recovery
  • Recovery, Physical Education, Balneology
  • Family Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry
  • Medical Informatics and Biostatistics
  • History of Medicine
  • Marketing and Medical Technology
  • Legal Medicine and Bioethics
  • Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Thoracic Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Oncological Dermatology and Allergology
  • Hygiene and Medical Ecology
  • Public Health and Management
  • Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Pneumophysiology
  • Anesthesia and Intensive Therapy
  • Surgery
  • Neurosurgery
  • General and Esophageal Surgery
  • Anesthesia and Intensive Therapy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Clinical Psychopharmacology
  • Nephrology
  • Urology
  • Urological Surgery
  • Transplantation Immunology
  • Orthopaedics
  • Orthopaedics and Traumatology
  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Plastic Surgery, Children Reconstructive Surgery
  • Pediatric Neurology
  • Occupational Medicine
  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Medical Psychology
  • Infectious and Tropical Diseases
  • Virusology
  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Hematology
  • Pediatrics
  • O.R.L.
  • Ophthalmology
  • Radiology, Medical Imaging, Nuclear Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Radiotherapy and Oncology
  • Biophysics
  • Cellular and Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy
  • Anatomy
  • Psychiatry
  • Pathological Anatomy

Faculty of Pharmacy[edit]

The Faculty of Pharmacy was created in 1858.

Departments[edit]

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Medications Control
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Clinical Laboratory
  • Medical Emergency
  • Botanic Pharmacy and Cellular Biology
  • Clinical Pharmacy
  • Phytochemistry and Phytotherapy
  • Biochemistry
  • General and Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  • Toxicology
  • Medical Pedagogy
  • Technical Pharmaceutics

Faculty of Dentistry[edit]

Departments[edit]

  • Clinical and Topografic Anatomy
  • Anatomy and Embryology
  • Internal Medicine
  • Paediatrics
  • Neurology
  • O.R.L.
  • Ophthalmology
  • Surgery and Anesthesiology
  • Obstetrics
  • Pathologic Anatomy
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Dermatology
  • Endocrinology
  • Pathophysiology and Immunology
  • Hygiene

Notable alumni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "University Management". Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  2. ^ "Senatul Universității" (in Romanian). Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  3. ^ "Peste 10,400 de studenți deschid anul universitar la UMF „Carol Davila" din București" (in Romanian). Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  4. ^ "Instituții de invățământ superior clasificate ca universități de cercetare avansată și educație" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Scimago Institutions Rankings".
  6. ^ "Europe's leading medical universities for international students". April 23, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  7. ^ "UMF „Carol Davila" își continuă ascensiunea în Top Shanghai" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  8. ^ Carol Davila, Facultatea de Medicina si cartierul de burghezi bucurestiivechisinoi.ro Retrieved December 13, 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°26′4.63″N 26°4′10.59″E / 44.4346194°N 26.0696083°E / 44.4346194; 26.0696083