|Engine||Adventure Game Studio|
Cart Life is a simulation video game developed by Richard Hofmeier using Adventure Game Studio for Microsoft Windows released in 2010. The game was added to Steam in March 2013 but later removed when Hofmeier released the full source code for free. The game is designed on a pixel-grid in grayscale, with minimal detail, to better allow the player to deduce the mood of each of the three vendor characters.
In Cart Life the player controls one of three street vendors, and attempts to run their shop whilst looking after their health, interests, and families.
The game was received well by critics, with particular praise for the relatable characters, though some critics criticised technical issues. In 2013 Cart Life won the Independent Games Festival Seumas McNally Grand Prize, Nuovo Award, and Excellence in Narrative award.
In Cart Life, players control one of three characters, each of whom has a different street vending job; Vinny sells bagels, Andrus runs a newspaper stand, and Melanie sells coffee from a cart. While at their stalls players interact with customers by selling them items and can manage their stall by selecting stock, setting prices, and buying new equipment. Players must also look after the character's day-to-day lives, including having adequate food, drink, and sleep. Each character has unique situations to address; Melanie, for example, is a single mother of a daughter. When she's not working, she yearns to bond more with her daughter, in the midst of her difficult busy life. She struggles to have time to walk her daughter to and from school each day, as she seeks custody on limited wages.
Richard Hofmeier's inspiration for the game came from aspects of his own work-life experiences, as well as from playing other games like Little Computer People and River City Ransom. He drew inspiration from Han Hoogerbrugge's Modern Living, saying that he thought about it "almost every day" whilst developing Cart Life. Hofmeier credits his partner with supporting him throughout the game development.
Cart Life is Hofmeier's first game, drawing upon his experience as an illustrator. He developed the game in his spare time using Adventure Game Studio whilst working what he describes as a "bunch of bad jobs". He initially planned to finish the development in 30 days but he worked on development for three years. He wanted to make a game which had no high scores, points, or action, and originally envisaged it as a comedy.
Of the game's pixel art design, Hofmeier said that he did not choose it to be nostalgic but rather because he wanted players to fill in the extra details with their own thoughts and experiences, saying that it took more time and effort than other possible styles. During development Hofmeier spoke to a number of street vendors to research their work who were enthusiastic about the creation of the game.
During development Richard Hofmeier experimented with many elements which were eventually removed, including a fourth character and a number of extra stores and locations. At the 2013 Independent Games Festival, Hofmeier spray-painted his own booth to instead display Porpentine's game Howling Dogs, saying that he thought "Cart Life had already overstayed its welcome... I wanted people to see this game."
In March 2014, with Hofmeier saying he was finished supporting the game, the game was removed from Steam while source code and game were made available for free on his website under the "CART LIFE'S FREE LICENSE". Hofmeier's webpage went later offline due to the increased traffic but the game and source code was mirrored on GitHub.
Reviewers commented positively on Cart Life's characters and mechanics. Carolyn Petit of GameSpot described the characters as "wonderfully expressive", particularly because of the attention to small details like eyebrow movements, and having to make tough decisions. In PC Gamer UK's review Alex Wiltshire said the game portrayed "a convincing, empathetic set of portraits." Another well received feature was the game's art style; Ben Lee of Digital Spy found the pixel art to complement the game's portrayal of the mundane aspects of life.
The main criticisms of the game were due to the technical problems and bugs present in the game. GameTrailers' Ben Moore said that he experienced "more than a handful of crashes, scripting errors, and freezes" whilst playing the game. Petit said that the issues were common and reduced the impact of the game's story for her.
- Zimmerman, Conrad (18 March 2013). "Cart Life now available on Steam". Destructoid. Enthusiast Gaming. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Petit, Carolyn (14 January 2013). "Cart Life Review". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Moore, Ben (22 March 2013). "Cart Life Review". GameTrailers. Viacom. Archived from the original on 27 March 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- Lee, Ben (14 April 2013). "'Cart Life': How Richard Hofmeier game became a success story". Digital Spy. Hearst Communications. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- Edge staff (9 August 2013). "The Making Of: Cart Life". Edge. Future plc. Archived from the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- Rose, Mike (18 January 2013). "Road to the IGF: Richard Hofmeier's Cart Life". Gamasutra. UBM plc. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Donlan, Christian (25 January 2013). "Cart Life: "The only thing that changed was me"". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Alexander, Leigh (29 March 2013). "IGF winner Hofmeier pays it forward for Porpentine's Howling Dogs". Gamasutra. UBM plc. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Petitte, Omri (March 20, 2014). "Cart Life exits Steam, goes open source". PC Gamer. Future plc. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
- Patrick (30 April 2015). "Die geheimen Projekte des Richard Hofmeier". IndieGames.ch (in German). Patreon.
- "Cart Life". GitHub.
- "Cart Life for PC Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Pinsof, Allistair (2 February 2013). "Review: Cart Life". Destructoid. Enthusiast Gaming. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Wiltshire, Alex (July 2013). "Cart Life: Hard work". PC Gamer UK. Future plc. p. 70.
It paints a convincing, empathetic set of portraits focused on people struggling with life's problems, driven by dynamic systems rather than simple scripting.
- Lee, Ben (28 March 2013). "Downloadable reviews: Cart Life, Terraria, Dollar Dash". Digital Spy. Hearst Communications. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- O'Mara, Matthew (26 March 2013). "Cart Life serves up a slice of reality through the eyes of a food cart owner". National Post (Financial Post). Postmedia Network. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- Conditt, Jessica (27 March 2013). "IGF 2013: And the awards go to... Cart Life!". Engadget (Joystiq). Oath Inc. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- "Cart Life". Adventure Game Studio. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- Walker, John (23 August 2012). "The 2012 IndieCade Finalists In Full In A Long List". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 19 December 2013.