|Also called||Chery QQ3
Chery IQ (Chile)
Chery Sweet (Russia)
Chery QQ (Brazil)
MVM 110 (Iran)
Miles ZX50S (United States)
Dr Zero (Italy)
|Assembly||China: Wuhu, Anhui
Indonesia: Jakarta (Unicor Prima Motor)
Iran: Kerman (Modiran)
Iraq: Iskandariya (SCAI)
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door hatchback|
|Engine||0.8 L SQR372 I3 (petrol)
1.1 L SQR472F I4 (petrol)
EZ-drive semi-automatic transmission
|Wheelbase||2,340 mm (92.1 in)|
|Length||3,550 mm (139.8 in)|
|Width||1,495 mm (58.9 in)|
|Height||1,485 mm (58.5 in)|
The Chery QQ3 (codename S11) is a city car produced by the Chinese manufacturer Chery Automobile since 2003. Until 2006, the car was known as the Chery QQ, it was renamed when Chery launched their new supermini, the Chery QQ6. It is sometimes difficult to discern if a mention of the Chery QQ refers to the entire QQ-branded product line, which comprises four models, or solely the QQ3, the original QQ mini car.
Its cheap price (in 2008 it may have been the cheapest production car in the world) has made the car popular in China. In the 2000s, the QQ was often Chery's most sold model, and the company itself calls the car "a legend in the Chinese history of the automobile... a mini model with the highest cumulative sales in China". It may no longer be popular; the QQ was dropped from a list of top ten bestsellers compiled by the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers c. 2010. Even if its popularity is flagging, it remains cheap. The lowest cost QQ is about US$4,000 as of 2012.
It was at the center of an intellectual property dispute between Chery and GM in the late 2000s.
- 0.8 L SQR372 DOHC 12V I3 — 38 kW (51 hp) at 6,000 rpm, 70 N·m (52 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm
- 1.1 L DA465Q-1A2/D SOHC 16V I4 — 38.5 kW (52 hp) at 5,300 rpm, 83 N·m (61 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm
- 1.1 L SQR472F DOHC 16V I4 — 50 kW (67 hp) at 6,000 rpm, 90 N·m (66 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm
General Motors claimed the car was a copy of the Daewoo Matiz (which is marketed outside South Korea as the Chevrolet Spark) and sued Chery in a Chinese court. The Detroit News reported that "the dispute reflects the confusion, risks and ambitions in China's new auto industry, where global carmakers are battling pugnacious upstarts for a piece of what may become the world's largest auto market."
GM China Group indicated the two vehicles "shared remarkably identical body structure, exterior design, interior design and key components" MotorAuthority.com and GM executives demonstrated the extent of the design duplication, noting for example that the doors of the QQ and those of the Spark are interchangeable.
Though the Chery QQ and the Daewoo Matiz are superficially similar cars, their safety ratings differ dramatically. A Euro NCAP front offset crash test showed that the driver's injuries in the QQ are worse than those sustained in the Matiz. Upon impact, the QQ driver will most likely suffer severe (possibly fatal) head trauma, and trauma to the neck and chest areas. The first generation Daewoo Matiz achieved a three/two star driver/passenger EuroNCAP rating.
An all-electric version, the Chery QQ3 EV, began deliveries to retail customers in Wuhu, Anhui province in March 2010. The electric city car has a range of 100 km (62 mi). The QQ3 EV was the lowest priced pure electric car in China, at CN¥40,000 (~US$6,480) after government incentives.
The QQ3 EV was the top selling new energy car in China between 2011 and 2013, with 2,167 units sold in 2011, 3,129 in 2012, and 5,727 in 2013. The QQ3 EV was surpassed in 2014 by the BYD Qin plug-in hybrid as the top selling new energy car in the country. Cumulative sales between January 2011 and June 2015 reached 22,097 units.
A new model based on the Chery QQ3 Sport with a 16 hp (12 kW) electric motor was expected to be launched by the end of 2012. In the United States, Miles Electric Vehicles was planning to release the rebadged version of the QQ3 EV called the Miles ZX50S AD in 2012.
The Chery eQ, a full-electric minicar based on the new generation QQ, was launched in the Chinese car market in November 2014. Pricing starts at CN¥59.800 (~US$9,600) after all government incentives for new energy vehicles, making the eQ one of the cheapest electric cars available in country. The electric motor delivers 57 hp and 150 nm powered by a lithium-ion battery. The eQ has a range of 200 km (120 mi), and charging takes 8–10 hours for a full charge on 220V. A total of 542 units were sold in the country in 2014, and cumulative sales totaled 2,671 units through June 2015.
The QQ is available in a number of export markets including Pakistan, Philippines (called QQ3), Singapore, Sri Lanka, South Africa (QQ3), Thailand and Vietnam.
Kerman Khodro reached an agreement to produce the Chery QQ domestically in 2006, and it is marketed there as the MVM 110. It is offered with two engine options, a 3-cylinder 0.8 liter and a 4-cylinder 1.1 liter.
In Iran, production of the QQ followed a 2002 decision from GM to stop supplying Kerman Khodro with Daewoo Matiz knock-down kits. Daewoo cars had been assembled by the company since 1997, but this Korean automaker stopped exporting to Iran after being acquired by GM in 2002. Quest Motor Corporation is also assembling the Chery QQ since some time in the year 2011.
As of 2006, the QQ is being sold in Malaysia, with the 0.8 L (812 cc) engine producing 52 hp at 6,000 rpm and a max torque of 75.5 Nm between 3,500 and 4,000rpm.
- "new chery production line in babil.". SCAI.
- Группа компаний Автотор :: История (in Russian). Avtotor.ru. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- "New Chery QQ3 Sport listed & priced in China". CarNewsChina.com. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Chery QQ is Cute and Cool at the Shanghai Auto Show". China Car Times. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Navarro, Xavier (3 Mar 2008). "The ten cheapest cars in the world – #2 – Chery QQ". Autoblog Green. AOL. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- For 2005 best-seller, see Eisenstein, P. (2005). "Chery-picking from china." Professional Engineering, 18(4)
- For 2007 best-seller, see Gordon Fairclough and, J. L. (2007, 5 Jul). "Chery assembly deal makes chrysler a model in exporting from china". Wall Street Journal.
- "Chery QQ launched in Brazil as new model". Chery. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- This claim is supported by multiple sources:
- For the QQ being among the top ten in Q1 2007 and 2008, see 2008年前十位轿车品牌销量排名. caam.org.cn (in Chinese). China Association of Automobile Manufacturers. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- For the QQ being among the top ten in Q1 2009, see 2009年一季度前十位轿车品牌销量排名. caam.org.cn (in Chinese). China Association of Automobile Manufacturers. 15 April 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- For not being among the top ten in Q1 2010, see 2010年一季度前十位轿车品牌销量排名. caam.org.cn (in Chinese). China Association of Automobile Manufacturers. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- "Chery QQ3 goes super cheap in China". The Tycho's CarNewsChina. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Chinese carmaker ambitious, controversial". Detroit News, Christine Tierney.
- "China to Foreign Automakers: Drop Dead". Frank Williams. 16 August 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
- "China Chinese Chery QQ – a carbon copy of the Daewoo Matiz". MotorAuthority.com 6 July 2006.
- "DAEWOO Matiz 1998 – 2007". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- Chery Press Release (1 July 2010). "The first QQ EV was delivered to customer". Chery. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- Henry Lee; Sabrina Howell; Adam Heal (June 2014). "Leapfrogging or Stalling Out? Electric Vehicles in China". Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School. Retrieved 2015-01-18. Download EVS in China (full report). See Table 2: Chinas's EV Sales by Brand, 2011–2013, pp. 19.
- Staff (2015-01-14). "2014 EV Sales Ranking". China Auto Web. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- Jose Pontes (2015-01-25). "China December 2014". EV Sales. Retrieved 2015-08-02. A total of 7,866 QQ3 EVs were sold in 2014.
- Staff (2015-07-17). "Chinese EV Sales Ranking in the First Half of 2015". China Auto Web. Retrieved 2015-08-02. A total of 3,208 QQ3 EVs were sold during the first half of 2015.
- Tycho de Feyter (31 May 2012). "Spy Shots: Chery QQ3 EV testing in China". Car News China. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- "Miles ZX50S AD".
- W.E. Ning (2014-11-05). "Chery eQ EV launched on the Chinese car market". Car News China. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- W.E. Ning (2014-10-14). "Chery eQ EV will hit the Chinese auto market on November 5". Car News China. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- "Home". motoring.co.za. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- "Chery Boosts Its Presence In Iran (Internet Archive)". Inside Line. 13 August 2007. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "صنایع خودروسازی مدیران – MVM 110". Retrieved 2010-10-29.
- "مشخصات فنی خودروی MVM 110". Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Mike Davis; Daniel Bertrand Monk (2011). Evil Paradises: Dreamworlds of Neoliberalism. The New Press.
- Tan, Paul (14 July 2006). "Chery QQ for RM39,888". paultan.org. Driven Communications Sdn Bhd. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
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