Clanricarde, also known as Mac William Uachtar (Upper Mac William) or the Galway Burkes, were a partly Gaelicised branch of the Norman originated House of Burke in Ireland. The term was important in Ireland from the 13th to the 20th centuries.
The territory, in what is now County Galway, Ireland, stretched from the barony of Clare in the north-west along the borders of County Mayo, to the River Shannon in the east. Subservient territories included Uí Maine, Kinela, de Bermingham's Country, Síol Anmchadha and southern Sil Muirdeagh.
The Clanricarde, was a Gaelic title meaning "Richard's family", or "(head of) Richard's family". The Richard in question was the illegitimate son of William de Burgh, whose great-great grandson became the first Clanricarde in the 1330s. The title was first recorded in 1335, and had probably being used informally for a few generations. However, with the advent of the Burke Civil War 1333-38 it came to denote the head of the Burkes of Upper or south Connacht based largely in what is now east and central County Galway. Simultaneously it was used to describe the lands held by the family.
The title Mac William Uachtar was also used as a synonym. It was a Gaelic title meaning "son of the upper William (de Burgh)". It was used to differentiate the Burkes of upper or south Connacht from their cousins, the Bourkes of lower or north Connacht, who were known was the Mac William Lower.
However it was never used as popularly as the term Clanricarde and was in any case abandoned by the end of the 16th century.
The Clanricardes or Mac William Uachtar 1333-1544
- Sir Ulick Burke, reigned 1333-1353.
- Richard Óg Burke 1353-1387.
- Ulick an Fhiona Burke, 1387-1424.
- William mac Ulick Burke 1424-1430.
- Ulick Ruadh Burke 1430-1485.
- Ulick Fionn Burke 1485-1509.
- Richard Óge Burke 1509-1519.
- Ulick Óge Burke 1519-1520.
- Richard Mór Burke 1520-1530.
- John mac Richard Mór Burke 1530-1536.
- Richard Bacach Burke 1536-1538.
- Ulick na gCeann Burke 1538-1544.
Walter de Burgh | |____________________________________________ | | | | William de Burgh, died 1205. Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent, d. 1243. | (issue; John and Hubert) |_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught Hubert de Burgh, Bishop of Limerick, d. 1250. Richard Óge de Burgh | | | ____________________________________________________________| de Burgh Earl of Ulster, | | | Burke of Castleconnell, County Limerick | | | Mac William Iochtar Bourke of County Mayo. Hubert William Richard | | | | | |_________________ Clan Mac Hubert? Richard an Fhorbhair | | | | | _______________________________________________________________| Sir David Donn Sir William Ruad | | | | d.1327. | | | Clan Mac David Ulick Burke of Annaghkeen, d. 1343. Raymond Walter Óge | | Richard Óg Burke, d. 1387. | | Burke of Clanricarde
- A New History of Ireland, volume IX, Oxford, 1984;
- Earls of Ulster and Lords of Connacht, 1205-1460 (De Burgh, De Lacy and Mortimer), p. 170;
- Mac William Burkes: Mac William Iochtar (de Burgh), Lords of Lower Connacht and Viscounts of Mayo, 1332-1649, p. 171;
- Burke of Clanricard: Mac William Uachtar (de Burgh), Lords of Upper Connacht and Earls of Clanricard, 1332-1722.