Double-A (baseball)

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Double-A baseball game in action: New Hampshire Fisher Cats

Double-A (or Class AA) is the second highest level of play in Minor League Baseball (MiLB) in the United States after Triple-A. There are thirty Double-A teams in three leagues at this classification: Eastern League, Southern League, and the Texas League.[1]

System[edit]

The Double-A classification usually hosts developing players that have been part of professional baseball for only a couple of years. These players can get to the Double-A level by earning a promotion from any of the Single-A or Rookie leagues.[2] Players often advance directly to the majors from this level, as the level of competition is higher. Because they are still advancing in their careers, the average talent level of Double-A may be higher than in Triple-A, which has minor and major league veterans who have been in the minor league system for a longer period of time and may have stagnated.[3] A small handful of players might be placed in Double-A to start, usually veterans from foreign leagues or top prospects out of college. The step up to the Double-A level can be one of the hardest promotions for such players because it is the level at which pitchers need to have a good off-speed pitch in their repertoire. In addition, it is the level where fastball-only hitters need to learn how to hit off-speed pitches, or their hopes of advancing to the majors will diminish.[3] Major League teams sometimes send players to play at the Double-A level to rehabilitate from injuries.[2]

Because players are not moving back and forth from the Major Leagues at this level, the rosters tend to be more stable.[4] Fans of Double-A teams have a longer amount of time to get acquainted with the players, which helps create a better relationship between the team and its fans.[4]

Current teams[edit]

Eastern League[edit]

Main article: Eastern League
Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity
Eastern Binghamton Rumble Ponies New York Mets Binghamton, New York NYSEG Stadium 6,012[5]
Hartford Yard Goats Colorado Rockies Hartford, Connecticut Dunkin' Donuts Park 6,000[6]
New Hampshire Fisher Cats Toronto Blue Jays Manchester, New Hampshire Northeast Delta Dental Stadium 6,500[7]
Portland Sea Dogs Boston Red Sox Portland, Maine Hadlock Field 7,368[8]
Reading Fightin Phils Philadelphia Phillies Reading, Pennsylvania FirstEnergy Stadium 9,000[9]
Trenton Thunder New York Yankees Trenton, New Jersey Arm & Hammer Park 6,150[10]
Western Akron RubberDucks Cleveland Indians Akron, Ohio Canal Park 9,447[11]
Altoona Curve Pittsburgh Pirates Altoona, Pennsylvania Peoples Natural Gas Field 7,210[12]
Bowie Baysox Baltimore Orioles Bowie, Maryland Prince George's Stadium 10,000[13]
Erie SeaWolves Detroit Tigers Erie, Pennsylvania UPMC Park 6,000[14]
Harrisburg Senators Washington Nationals Harrisburg, Pennsylvania FNB Field 6,187[15]
Richmond Flying Squirrels San Francisco Giants Richmond, Virginia The Diamond 9,560[16]

Southern League[edit]

Main article: Southern League
Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity
North Birmingham Barons Chicago White Sox Birmingham, Alabama Regions Field 8,500[17]
Chattanooga Lookouts Minnesota Twins Chattanooga, Tennessee AT&T Field 6,362[18]
Jackson Generals Arizona Diamondbacks Jackson, Tennessee The Ballpark at Jackson 6,000[19]
Montgomery Biscuits Tampa Bay Rays Montgomery, Alabama Montgomery Riverwalk Stadium 7,000[20]
Tennessee Smokies Chicago Cubs Kodak, Tennessee Smokies Park 6,412[21]
South Biloxi Shuckers Milwaukee Brewers Biloxi, Mississippi MGM Park 6,076[22]
Jacksonville Jumbo Shrimp Miami Marlins Jacksonville, Florida Baseball Grounds of Jacksonville 11,000[23]
Mississippi Braves Atlanta Braves Pearl, Mississippi Trustmark Park 8,480[24]
Mobile BayBears Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Mobile, Alabama Hank Aaron Stadium 6,000[25]
Pensacola Blue Wahoos Cincinnati Reds Pensacola, Florida Blue Wahoos Stadium 5,038[26]

Texas League[edit]

Main article: Texas League
Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity
North Arkansas Travelers Seattle Mariners North Little Rock, Arkansas Dickey-Stephens Park 7,200[27]
Northwest Arkansas Naturals Kansas City Royals Springdale, Arkansas Arvest Ballpark 7,305[28]
Springfield Cardinals St. Louis Cardinals Springfield, Missouri Hammons Field 10,486[29]
Tulsa Drillers Los Angeles Dodgers Tulsa, Oklahoma ONEOK Field 7,833[30]
South Corpus Christi Hooks Houston Astros Corpus Christi, Texas Whataburger Field 7,050[31]
Frisco RoughRiders Texas Rangers Frisco, Texas Dr Pepper Ballpark 10,316[32]
Midland RockHounds Oakland Athletics Midland, Texas Security Bank Ballpark 6,669[33]
San Antonio Missions San Diego Padres San Antonio, Texas Nelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium 9,200[34]

Playoffs[edit]

Unlike the major league and the Triple-A level, two of the three Double-A leagues have their season divided into two parts, the Eastern League being the exception. One team may clinch a spot in the playoffs by winning the division in first half of the season. The teams' records are then cleared and another team will also clinch a playoff slot during the second half. Wild cards are used to fill out the remaining teams. Usually, four teams qualify for the league playoffs. This system is used at the Class A level as well.[35][36][37]

Awards[edit]

Pitch clock[edit]

On January 15, 2015, Major League Baseball announced it will use a 20-second pitch clock during the 2015 Double-A season.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Standings". Minor League Baseball Official Website. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "What is Double AA baseball?". SportingCharts. 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Moore, Jeff (July 2, 2013). "Understanding minor league levels". The Hardball Times. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Santelli, Robert; Santelli, Jenna (2010). The Baseball Fan's Bucket List: 162 Things You Must Do, See, Get, and Experience Before You Die. Running Press. p. 218. ISBN 9780762438556. 
  5. ^ Knight, Graham (September 17, 2010). "NYSEG Stadium". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "History/Facts". Fox 61. Retrieved November 6, 2015. 
  7. ^ "2012 New Hampshire Fisher Cats Media Guide" (PDF). Minor League Baseball. April 9, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ Knight, Graham (July 6, 2010). "Hadlock Field – Portland Sea Dogs". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ Leon, Matt (May 17, 2011). "Minor League Ballpark Guide". KYW. Philadelphia. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ Costa, Samantha (March 22, 2012). "Changes to Trenton's Waterfront Park Make It More Wheelchair Friendly". The Times (Trenton). Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Akron RubberDucks Canal Park". Minor League Baseball. November 27, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "2012 Altoona Curve Media Guide". Minor League Baseball. 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Bowie Baysox Baysox/Stadium Info". Minor League Baseball. March 11, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Jerry Uth Park". Erie County Convention Center Authority. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  15. ^ Reichard, Kevin (June 28, 2010). "Metro Bank Park / Harrisburg Senators". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  16. ^ O'Connor, John (March 27, 2010). "Bleacher Banners Give Diamond New Look, Fewer Seats". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Regions Field Birmingham Barons". Minor League Baseball. January 27, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  18. ^ Knight, Graham (July 27, 2010). "AT&T Field". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  19. ^ Knight, Graham. "The Ballpark at Jackson". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Riverwalk Stadium Information". Minor League Baseball. February 25, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  21. ^ Reichard, Kevin (May 1, 2015). "Smokies Park / Tennessee Smokies". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  22. ^ Harris, Chris (February 12, 2015). "A Walking Tour of MGM Park". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  23. ^ Knight, Graham (August 16, 2003). "Baseball Grounds of Jacksonville – Jacksonville Suns". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Mississippi Braves Stadium Information". Minor League Baseball. November 13, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  25. ^ "Hank Aaron Stadium Info". Minor League Baseball. March 10, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  26. ^ Pillon, Dennis (April 20, 2012). "Pensacola's Class AA Baseball Fever Still Going Strong". Press-Register. Mobile. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Dickey-Stephens Park". Arkansas Diamonds: The Ballparks of Arkansas and Their History. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  28. ^ Bergeron, Angela (2008). "Feature Story - August 2008". Engineering News-Record. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  29. ^ Mock, Joe. "Hammons Field in Springfield, Missouri". Baseball Parks. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  30. ^ "ONEOK Field". Tulsa Sports Commission. 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  31. ^ Goldberg-Strassler, Jesse (November 19, 2012). "Whataburger Field / Corpus Christi Hooks". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  32. ^ Goldberg-Strassler, Jesse (November 14, 2012). "Dr Pepper Ballpark / Frisco RoughRiders". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Security Bank Ballpark". Stadiums USA. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  34. ^ Knight, Graham. "Nelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium". Baseball Pilgrimages. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  35. ^ "Texas League Playoff Procedures". Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Eastern League Playoff Procedures". Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  37. ^ "Southern League Playoff Procedures". Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  38. ^ "Pitch clock for Double-A, Triple-A use". ESPN. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 

External links[edit]