Emblem of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
|Emblem of the Lithuanian SSR|
|Armiger||Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic|
|Supporters||Wheat and Oak|
|Motto||Visų šalių proletarai, vienykitės! (Lithuanian) |
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Russian)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
The emblem of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (Lithuanian: Lietuvos TSR valstybinis herbas) was adopted in 1940 by the government of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic. The emblem was designed by Vsevolodas Dobužinskis based on the State Emblem of the Soviet Union. The new coat of arms replaced the traditional coat of arms of Lithuania, known as Vytis, which was restored when Lithuania declared its independence in 1990.
The emblem is an example of so-called "socialist heraldry". It featured symbols of agriculture (oak branches and wheat). The rising sun stood for the future of the Lithuanian nation, the red star as well as the hammer and sickle for the victory of communism and the "world-wide socialist community of states". The banner bore the USSR State motto (Proletarians of all countries, unite!) in both Russian and Lithuanian (Visų šalių proletarai, vienykitės!). The initialism of the Lithuanian SSR is shown only in the Lithuanian language – LTSR, for Lietuvos Tarybų Socialistinė Respublika. The coat of arms differed little from those of Estonian, Latvian, Moldavian or other soviet socialist republics.
In November 1988, the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR replaced the Soviet flag with the tricolor flag of Lithuania and the Soviet anthem with Tautiška giesmė. Lithuania was the first Soviet republic to restore its national symbols. However, the coat of arms were not restored. The traditional coat of arms of Lithuania was recognized as a national symbol, but not elevated to the status of state's coat of arms. That was done only in March 1990, the same day Lithuania declared independence. The emblem remained in use until Lithuania's independence was recognized by the Soviet Union on 6 September 1991.
- Rimša, Edmundas (2005). Heraldry: Past to Present. Versus aureus. p. 92. ISBN 9955-601-73-6.
- Laurinavičius, Česlovas; Sirutavičius, Vladas (2008). Lietuvos istorija. Sąjūdis: nuo „Persitvarkymo“ iki Kovo 11-osios (in Lithuanian). XII, part I. Baltos lankos. p. 198. ISBN 978-9955-23-164-6.
- Zeleniakas, Artūras (2012-11-20). "Lietuvos valstybės herbas" (in Lithuanian). Seimas. Retrieved 2017-03-26.