Coker Experimental Farms
Coker Experimental Farms
|Nearest city||Hartsville, South Carolina|
|Area||145 acres (59 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||66000706|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||July 19, 1964|
Coker Experimental Farms, also known as Coker Pedigreed Seed Company, is a National Historic Landmark agricultural site at 1257 South Fourth Street in Hartsville, South Carolina, USA. Now a museum property, the property was where David R. Coker performed critical breeding experiments to improve strains of cotton and other crops grown throughout the American South. Coker was a major force in the development of agricultural extension services in the South in the early decades of the 20th century. What remains of his farm was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964.
Description and history
The Coker family once owned thousands of acres of agricultural lands in the area around Hartsville, South Carolina. At their main station south of the city, David R. Coker began to apply techniques in plant hybridization discovered by Gregor Mendel in the 1860s and only brought to wider notice around the turn of the 20th century. His first experiments involved attempts to breed cotton with a longer staple, and to improve resistance to disease and pests. Coker eventually broadened his work to other crops, and was a major force in improving the education of farmers in the American South through the use of agricultural extension services. By 1963, more than half the cotton grown in the South was derived from Coker seeds, as were larger percentages of oat and tobacco crops.
Of the original Coker farm holdings, some 220 acres (89 ha) of the area used by Coker in his breeding experiments was listed as a National Historic Landmark in 1964 for its significance in revolutionizing the field of agriculture in the South. This area was roughly bounded on the south by United States Route 15, the east by Swift Creek Road, the north by the Seaboard Air Line tracks, and the west by a line paralleling west of South Carolina Highway 151, and included farm outbuildings dating to the 1930s in the west side of Highway 151. By the 1990s, the outbuildings had been demolished, and the land on the west side of Highway 151 developed commercially, and the landmark designation was reduced to 145 acres (59 ha), solely to the east of Highway 151. Since then, portions of the land on the east side have also been developed. A further-reduced parcel of farmland remains, on which a barn-shaped museum has been built to interpret the property and its importance.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in South Carolina
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Darlington County, South Carolina
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "Coker Experimental Farms". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2008-02-27.
- Horace J. Sheely, Jr; James Dillon; Mark R. Barnes; Patricia Henry (13 June 1994). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Coker Experimental Farms / Coker Pedigreed Seed Company" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help) and Accompanying 8 photos, from 1994 and pre-1963 (32 KB)
- Coker Farms National Historic Landmark - Facebook site
- South Carolina History Trail - Coker Experimental Farms National Historic Landmark - museum details and visiting information
- Coker Experimental Farms, Darlington County (S.C. Hwy. 151, Hartsville vicinity), at South Carolina Department of Archives and History