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Gateway to Ouachita River at Columbia, Louisiana
|Nickname: Columbia on the Ouachita|
|Elevation||75 ft (22.9 m)|
|Area||0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)|
|- land||0.76 sq mi (1.97 km2)|
|- water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Density||514.9/sq mi (198.8/km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Location of Louisiana in the United States
The land that became Columbia was first cleared by Daniel Humphries in 1827. A store was built a few years later the only settlement between Monroe, Louisiana and the settlements of the Black River was formed. The harbor became a busy port for shipping cotton by steamboats and Packet boats until the arrival of the railroad. In February 1864 Columbia was the location of a skirmish between Federal and Confederate troops during the Civil War and there are several plantations in the area.
Columbia is located just east of the center of Caldwell Parish at  on the southwest bank of the Ouachita River. U.S. Route 165 passes through the center of town and bridges the river, leading north 32 miles (51 km) to Monroe and south 64 miles (103 km) to Alexandria.(32.104042, -92.076921),
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.77 square miles (2.00 km2), of which 0.76 square miles (1.96 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 1.75%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 477 people, 184 households, and 101 families residing in the town. The population density was 629.9 people per square mile (242.3/km²). There were 237 housing units at an average density of 312.9 per square mile (120.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 70.02% White, 27.25% African American, 0.63% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.42% from other races, and 0.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.
There were 184 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 41.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,000, and the median income for a family was $33,523. Males had a median income of $33,000 versus $18,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,999. About 19.0% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 32.0% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
It has a volunteer fire department
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- Buddy Caldwell, Attorney General of Louisiana, elected in 2007
- Graves B. Erskine, U.S. Marine Corps general; combat officer in World War I, having received the Silver Star and Purple Heart; U.S. Commander of the 3rd Marine Division in World War II in the Battle of Iwo Jima, having earned the Distinguished Service Medal
- J.D. DeBlieux, Louisiana State Senator representing East Baton Rouge Parish, 1956-1960 & 1964-1976
- Jack Keahey, former president of the Caldwell Parish School Board and the Louisiana School Boards Association; former president of the Tensas Basin Levee Board
- Pam Kelly, recipient of the Wade Trophy in 1982; the title is awarded to the most valuable women's collegiate basketball player in the nation
- John J. McKeithen, governor of Louisiana (1964–1972); Louisiana Public Service Commissioner (1955–1964); state representative (1948–1952); U.S. Army combat officer (1942–1945) having received two Bronze Stars in the battles of Okinawa and Iwo Jima
- W. Fox McKeithen, Louisiana House of Representatives, 1984–1988; five-term Louisiana Secretary of State, 1988–2005; former teacher at Caldwell Parish High School
- Neil Riser, state senator elected in 2007 from the 32nd District, which includes Caldwell Parish; the first Republican from this district since Reconstruction
- Don Shows, former football coach at Caldwell Parish High School
- Chet D. Traylor, Louisiana Supreme Court, 1997–2009
- Mary Lou Trawick Winters (1935-2014), member of the Democratic National Committee for thirty-two years, elector for U.S. President Bill Clinton in 1996, the chief lobbyist for the Louisiana State Medical Society, in which capacity she worked pro bono in 1975 to obtain passage of legislation to protect the medical profession against questionable lawsuits.Winters lost the runoff election in 1979 for the Louisiana State Senate to Dan Richey, then of Ferriday in Concordia Parish.
Homeland Federal Savings Bank is located off U.S. Highway 165 in Columbia
First Baptist Church in Columbia
- Columbia Progress Community Progress Site for Columbia, LA
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Columbia town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Google books: The WPA Guide to Louisiana: The Pelican State; "Columbia"- Retrieved 2017-03-11
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Coach Donald Harrison Shows". Monroe News-Star. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "Mary Lou Trawick Winters". The Monroe News-Star. Retrieved November 20, 2014.