Crowley, Louisiana

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Crowley, Louisiana
City of Crowley
Downtown Crowley
Downtown Crowley
Nickname(s): 
Rice Capital of America
Motto(s): 
Where Life Is Rice And Easy
Location of Crowley in Acadia Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Crowley in Acadia Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 30°12′49″N 92°22′25″W / 30.21361°N 92.37361°W / 30.21361; -92.37361Coordinates: 30°12′49″N 92°22′25″W / 30.21361°N 92.37361°W / 30.21361; -92.37361
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishAcadia
Incorporated1887
Government
 • MayorTim Monceaux
Police Chief A. "Jimmy" Broussard (D)
Area
 • Total5.85 sq mi (15.16 km2)
 • Land5.85 sq mi (15.15 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
20 ft (6 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total11,710
 • Density2,000/sq mi (770/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
70526
Area code(s)337
FIPS code22-18650
Websitecrowley-la.com

Crowley (Local pronunciation: /ˈkræli/) is a city in, and the parish seat of, Acadia Parish in the U.S. state of Louisiana.[2] At the 2020 United States census, Crowley had a population of 11,710.[3] Crowley is the principal city of the Crowley micropolitan statistical area, which includes all of Acadia Parish. It is also part of the larger LafayetteAcadiana combined statistical area.

History[edit]

Patrick Crowley

Crowley was founded in 1886 by C.C. Duson and W.W. Duson.[4] Incorporated in 1887, W.W. Duson, General Manager of Southwest Louisiana Land Company, plotted and developed Crowley. W.W. Duson's daughter, Maime Duson, married Percy Lee Lawrence, who founded the First National Bank of Crowley. The 7-story building was once the tallest building between Houston and New Orleans. They lived with their three children, P.L. Jr., Pattee, and Jack at 219 East 2nd Street. The house is now on the historic register.

The town was named after Pat Crowley, an Irish railroad owner who brought the railroad depot to W.W. Duson's land.[5] Descendants of founder W.W. Duson continue to live in Crowley.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2), all land.

Louisiana Highway 13 passes through the city with Kaplan, which is located in Vermilion Parish, being located 19 miles (31 km) southeast and Eunice, located in both Acadia and St. Landry parishes, is located 20 miles (32 km) north. The city of Rayne is located 9 miles (14 km) east of Crowley via U.S. Highway 90 and I-10

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Crowley 2 NE, Louisiana (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1906–2019)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
83
(28)
95
(35)
94
(34)
97
(36)
106
(41)
102
(39)
105
(41)
106
(41)
96
(36)
88
(31)
84
(29)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 60.6
(15.9)
64.4
(18.0)
71.2
(21.8)
77.5
(25.3)
84.3
(29.1)
89.2
(31.8)
90.7
(32.6)
91.5
(33.1)
88.1
(31.2)
80.7
(27.1)
70.4
(21.3)
62.9
(17.2)
77.6
(25.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.1
(10.6)
54.8
(12.7)
61.6
(16.4)
68.1
(20.1)
75.6
(24.2)
80.9
(27.2)
82.4
(28.0)
82.5
(28.1)
78.7
(25.9)
69.9
(21.1)
59.9
(15.5)
53.3
(11.8)
68.2
(20.1)
Average low °F (°C) 41.6
(5.3)
45.2
(7.3)
52.0
(11.1)
58.8
(14.9)
67.0
(19.4)
72.5
(22.5)
74.1
(23.4)
73.5
(23.1)
69.2
(20.7)
59.1
(15.1)
49.3
(9.6)
43.7
(6.5)
58.8
(14.9)
Record low °F (°C) 10
(−12)
14
(−10)
22
(−6)
34
(1)
44
(7)
54
(12)
62
(17)
57
(14)
41
(5)
29
(−2)
22
(−6)
9
(−13)
9
(−13)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.40
(163)
4.26
(108)
3.84
(98)
5.34
(136)
5.58
(142)
6.68
(170)
5.77
(147)
6.21
(158)
4.95
(126)
4.69
(119)
5.04
(128)
4.77
(121)
63.53
(1,614)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.4 8.7 7.8 7.0 7.6 11.2 12.8 11.3 8.8 7.0 7.7 9.7 110.0
Source: NOAA[6][7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890420
19004,214903.3%
19105,09921.0%
19206,10819.8%
19307,65625.3%
19409,52324.4%
195012,78434.2%
196015,61722.2%
197016,1043.1%
198016,036−0.4%
199013,983−12.8%
200014,2251.7%
201013,265−6.7%
202011,710−11.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

At the 2020 U.S. census, 11,710 people lived in the city. At the 2019 American Community Survey, there were 4,807 households.[9]

In 2019, the racial and ethnic makeup of the city was 58.5% non-Hispanic or Latino white, 34.8% Black or African American, <0.0% Asian, 0.4% some other race, 1.9% two or more races, and 4.4% Hispanic and Latin American of any race.[10] At the 2000 U.S. census, the racial and ethic makeup was 67.83% White American, 30.98% Black or African American, 0.15% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latin Americans were 1.10% of the population.

There were 4,807 households, and 33.5% were married couples living together, 18.5% male households with no female present, and 41.8% female households with no male present.[9] The average family size was 3.34.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 5.4% aged 5 and under, 72.4% aged 18 and older, and 17.2% aged 65 and older. The median age was 37.7 years, up from 35 years at the 2000 United States census.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,972. Family households had a median income of $31,168, married couples had a median income of $50,066, and non-family households had a median income of $19,138. An estimated 37.1% of the population lived at or below the poverty line.

Arts and culture[edit]

Crowley is noted for its annual International Rice Festival.[11] Crowley has the nickname of "Rice Capital of the World",[12][13] because at one time it was a major center for rice harvesting and milling. Today, Crowley still has a number of rice mills and rice is the main crop of many local farmers.

Education[edit]

The Crowley High School "Fighting Gents" were State Division 3A champions in the 1989 football season and had an 8-2 regular season.

Crowley is also the home of Notre Dame High School.[14] Notre Dame is an Acadia Parish-wide Catholic high school whose football program has won six state championships and numerous District Champion titles, in addition to numerous state championships in other sports, such as men's baseball, women's softball, men's tennis, men's track & field, and women's volleyball.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "QuickFacts: Crowley city, Louisiana". United States Census Bureau.
  4. ^ Louisiana State Department of History & Culture. "Crowley Historical Marker".
  5. ^ Leeper, Clare D'Artois (19 October 2012). Louisiana Place Names: Popular, Unusual, and Forgotten Stories of Towns, Cities, Plantations, Bayous, and Even Some Cemeteries. LSU Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-8071-4740-5.
  6. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  7. ^ "Station: Crowley 2 NE, LA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Geography Profile: Crowley city, Louisiana". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  10. ^ "2019 Demographic and Housing Estimates". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  11. ^ "History of the International Rice Festival". riceFestival.com. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  12. ^ "7 Louisiana Capitals Of The World". GATOR 99.5. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  13. ^ "Crowley, Louisiana | Advisory Council on Historic Preservation". www.achp.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  14. ^ "NDHS - Home of the Pioneers". Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  15. ^ Becoming Laura Ingalls Wilder by John E. Miller, page 100
  16. ^ James and Angelina Wilder on www.liwfrontiergirl.com
  17. ^ James Wilder on Find a Grave
  18. ^ Angelina Wilder in Find a Grave
  19. ^ Laura Ann Wilder Howard on Find a Grave

External links[edit]