Crowley, Louisiana

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City of Crowley
City
Downtown Crowley
Downtown Crowley
Nickname(s): Rice Capital of America
Motto: Where Life Is Rice And Easy
Location of Crowley in Acadia Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Crowley in Acadia Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 30°12′49″N 92°22′25″W / 30.21361°N 92.37361°W / 30.21361; -92.37361Coordinates: 30°12′49″N 92°22′25″W / 30.21361°N 92.37361°W / 30.21361; -92.37361
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Acadia
Incorporated 1887
Government
 • Mayor

Greg Jones

Police Chief A. "Jimmy" Broussard (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 5.85 sq mi (15.16 km2)
 • Land 5.85 sq mi (15.15 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,265
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 13,060
 • Density 2,232.10/sq mi (861.78/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 70526
Area code(s) 337
FIPS code 22-18650
Website crowley-la.com

Crowley (Local pronunciation: /ˈkræli/) is a city in and the parish seat of Acadia Parish, Louisiana, United States.[3] The population was 13,265 at the 2010 census but 14,225 in 2000, a loss of nearly a thousand persons. It is 63.8 percent Non-Hispanic White.[4]

Crowley is noted for its annual International Rice Festival. Crowley has the nickname of "Rice Capital of America", because at one time it was a major center for rice harvesting and milling. Today, Crowley still has a number of rice mills and rice is the main crop of many local farmers. In addition, in recent years, crawfish farming has become increasingly popular.

The Crowley High School "Fighting Gents" were State Division 3A Champs in the 1989 football season and had an 8-2 regular season. Crowley is also the home of Notre Dame High School. Notre Dame is a parish-wide Catholic school whose football program has won 5 state championships and numerous District Champion titles.

Crowley is the principal city of the Crowley Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Acadia Parish. It is also part of the larger LafayetteAcadiana Combined Statistical Area. The town is named after Pat Crowley.

Geography[edit]

Crowley is located at 30°12′49″N 92°22′25″W / 30.21361°N 92.37361°W / 30.21361; -92.37361 (30.213618, -92.373695)[5] and has an elevation of 20 feet (6.1 m).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2), all land.

History[edit]

Patrick Crowley

Crowley was founded in 1886[7] by C.C. Duson and W.W. Duson. Incorporated in 1887, W.W. Duson, General Manager of Southwest Louisiana Land Company, plotted and developed Crowley. W.W. Duson's daughter, Maime Duson, married Percy Lee Lawrence, who founded the First National Bank of Crowley. The 7-story building was once the tallest building between Houston and New Orleans. They lived with their three children, P.L. Jr., Pattee, and Jack at 219 East 2nd Street. The house is now on the historic register.

The town was named after Pat Crowley, an Irish railroad man who brought the railroad depot to W.W. Duson's land.[8] Descendants of founder W.W. Duson, continue to live in Crowley.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 420
1900 4,214 903.3%
1910 5,099 21.0%
1920 6,108 19.8%
1930 7,656 25.3%
1940 9,523 24.4%
1950 12,784 34.2%
1960 15,617 22.2%
1970 16,104 3.1%
1980 16,036 −0.4%
1990 13,983 −12.8%
2000 14,225 1.7%
2010 13,265 −6.7%
Est. 2016 13,060 [2] −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 14,225 people, 5,294 households, and 3,668 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,895.1 people per square mile (1,118.6/km²). There were 5,904 housing units at an average density of 1,201.6 per square mile (464.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.83% White, 30.98% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.10% of the population.

There were 5,294 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 20.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,495, and the median income for a family was $28,180. Males had a median income of $27,684 versus $19,706 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,734. About 24.3% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.1% of those under age 18 and 22.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Crowley (city), Louisiana". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Louisiana State Department of History & Culture. "Crowley Historical Marker". 
  8. ^ Leeper, Clare D'Artois (19 October 2012). Louisiana Place Names: Popular, Unusual, and Forgotten Stories of Towns, Cities, Plantations, Bayous, and Even Some Cemeteries. LSU Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-8071-4740-5. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Becoming Laura Ingalls Wilder by John E. Miller, page 100
  12. ^ James and Angelina Wilder on www.liwfrontiergirl.com
  13. ^ James Wilder on Find a Grave
  14. ^ Angelina Wilder in Find a Grave
  15. ^ Laura Ann Wilder Howard on Find a Grave
  16. ^ "A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography, "Nixon, John Travis"". Louisiana Historical Association. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015. 

External links[edit]