Communist Party of Moldova

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Communist Party of Moldova
Partidul Comunist al Moldovei
Founded 1940
Dissolved August 1991
Preceded by Moldavia Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine
Succeeded by Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova
Headquarters Chişinău
Ideology Communism
Marxism-leninism
Political position Far-left
National affiliation Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Colours      Red
Party flag
Flag of Moldavian SSR.svg

The Communist Party of Moldova (Romanian: Partidul Comunist al Moldovei, PCM; Moldovan Cyrillic: Партидул Комунист ал Молдовей; Russian: Коммунистическая партия Молдавии) was one of the fourteen republic-level parties that formed the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Indeed, the PCM was the republic-level chapter of the CPSU in the Moldavian SSR from 1940 to 1991. During that time, except for the period of Axis occupation in 1941-1944, it was the sole legal political party in the republic. It was outlawed by the government in August 1991, just after Moldova declared its independence.

Perestroika period, that had seen the party increasingly pummeled, was also marked by November riots.[1][2] The party leader Semion Grossu was remplaced with Petru Lucinschi on November 16, 1989.[3]

After the communist party was legalised again by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova on 7 September 1993, the PCM was reborn as the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM), which became the largest party in Moldova since the 2001 elections, and the ruling party from 2001-2009. In 2011 a group of communists led by the executive secretary of the old Communist Party of Moldova, Igor Cucer, came to the public atention, claiming that they are the "real communists" and they want to revive the party (PCM) formally;[4] they also stated that the PCRM has become a pseudo-Communist and liberal-bourgeois party serving the interests of one of the county’s richest men, Oleg Voronin, son of president of Moldova from 2001 to 2009 and leader of the PCRM Vladimir Voronin. Kucher claimed then: "The PCRM's 8-year rule made the poor poorer and the rich richer".[5]

The Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Moldova was created in 2010 to study and analyze the 1917-1991 period of the communist regime.

First Secretaries[edit]

Name From Until
Piotr Borodin 15 August 1940 11 February 1942
Nikita Salogor 13 February 1942 5 January 1946
Nicolae Coval 5 January 1946 3 November 1950
Leonid Brezhnev 3 November 1950 16 April 1952
Dimitri Gladki 16 April 1952 7 February 1954
Zinovie Serdiuk 8 February 1954 29 May 1961
Ivan Bodiul 29 May 1961 30 December 1981
Semion Grossu 30 December 1981 16 November 1989
Petru Lucinschi 16 November 1989 4 February 1991
Grigore Eremei 4 February 1991 August 1991

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ion Costaş: 7 APRILIE 2009 NE AMINTEŞTE DE 10 NOIEMBRIE 1989" (in Romanian). BasarabiaLiterară.ro. 28 February 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Igor Cașu, Chişinău 7 noiembrie 1989: "Jos dictatura comunistă!"" (in Romanian). Radio Free Europe. 7 November 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Publika TV, File din istorie: 1989 - anul anti-7noiembrie la Chişinău (in Romanian)
  4. ^ Partidul Comunist revine pe arena politică a Moldovei. ipn.md (in Romanian)
  5. ^ ""Real Communists" emerge in Moldova". 24 May 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2012.